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Penny McCall Howard

18 6 Structural violence in ecological systems During the time I knew Alasdair and worked on his small fishing trawler, he told me Findus’ story again and again. The first time was after a month of patiently tolerating my questions about environmental relations and fishing practices. Alasdair gently pointed out that I  had never asked him about losing friends at sea, and then he told me about Findus and the wreck of his fishing boat, which still lay on the seafloor six miles west of the rugged coast of Skye. Almost four years later, Alasdair brought up Findus

in Environment, labour and capitalism at sea
Greer Vanderbyl
,
John Albanese
, and
Hugo F. V. Cardoso

The sourcing of cadavers for North American skeletal reference collections occurred immediately after death and targeted the poor and marginalised. In Europe, collections sourced bodies that were buried and unclaimed after some time in cemeteries with no perpetual care mandate, and may have also targeted the underprivileged. The relationship between socio-economic status (SES) and abandonment was examined in a sample of unclaimed remains (603 adults and 98 children) collected from cemeteries in the city of Lisbon, Portugal, that were incorporated in a collection. Results demonstrate that low SES individuals are not more likely to be abandoned nor to be incorporated in the collection than higher SES individuals. Furthermore, historical data indicate that the poorest were not incorporated into the collection, because of burial practices. Although the accumulation of collections in North America was facilitated by structural violence that targeted the poor and marginalised, this phenomenon seems largely absent in the Lisbon collection.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Open Access (free)
Christoph Menke in dialogue
Series: Critical Powers
Editor:

This book focuses on the paradoxical character of law and specifically concerns the structural violence of law as the political imposition of normative order onto a "lawless" condition. The paradox of law which grounds and motivates Christoph Menke's intervention is that law is both the opposite of violence and, at the same time, a form of violence. The book develops its engagement with the paradox of law in two stages. The first shows why, and in what precise sense, the law is irreducibly characterized by structural violence. The second explores the possibility of law becoming self-reflectively aware of its own violence and, hence, of the form of a self-critique of law in view of its own violence. The Book's philosophical claims are developed through analyses of works of drama: two classical tragedies in the first part and two modern dramas in the second part. It attempts to illuminate the paradoxical nature of law by way of a philosophical interpretation of literature. There are at least two normative orders within the European ethical horizon that should be called "legal orders" even though they forego the use of coercion and are thus potentially nonviolent. These are international law and Jewish law. Understanding the relationship between law and violence is one of the most urgent challenges a postmodern critical legal theory faces today. Self-reflection, the philosophical concept that plays a key role in the essay, stands opposed to all forms of spontaneity.

Open Access (free)
Humanitarianism in a Post-Liberal World Order
Stephen Hopgood

the everyday life experiences of West Africans in the communities affected are all but invisible now because the breach was contained. What normal does is obscure and disguise the reality of structural violence: that ‘normal’ society is full of need, suffering, violence (including structural and institutional violence) and the everyday suppression of multiple human freedoms, and that inequality of life risks is an endemic feature of the lives of poorer people. The ongoing private and state violence that takes place every day is rendered

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Corporations, Celebrities and the Construction of the Entrepreneurial Refugee Woman
Annika Bergman Rosamond
and
Catia Gregoratti

Kenya, the Maasai tribes are known for handcrafting their beaded jewelry – colorful necklaces, bracelets and pendants – to maintain their pastoral lifestyle and in Ghana’s Akan ethnic group, they handcraft Kente, a type of silk and cotton fabric made of interwoven cloth strips, now known around the world’ ( Rigou, 2018 ). Hence, the main problem representation of RefuSHE is women’s positioning within displacement and structural

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Communiqués and insurrectionary violence

Since the early 2000s, global, underground networks of insurrectionary anarchists have carried out thousands of acts of political violence. This book is an exploration of the ideas, strategies, and history of these political actors that engage in a confrontation with the oppressive powers of the state and capital. The vast majority of these attacks have been claimed via online communiqués through anonymous monikers such as the Informal Anarchist Federation (FAI). The emphasis of the insurrectionary, nihilist-infused anarchism is on creating war-like conditions for opposing capitalism, the state, and that which perpetuates structural violence (e.g. racism, poverty, speciesism, gender roles). To connect the various configurations of post-millennial, insurrectionary resistance, the book explores explore three of its most identifiable components, the FAI, Conspiracy of Cells of Fire (CCF), and emergent networks in Mexico. In his discussion of guerrilla warfare and terrorism, conflict theorist Richard Rubenstein points to a two-stage understanding advocated by Vietnamese leader and military strategist General Vo Nguyen Giap. The book also examines the strategy of Blanquism, the contribution of "classical anarchists," the influence of theorists such as Tiqqun and The Invisible Committee. It seeks to construct the basis for an insurrectionary framework based around a shared politic. The feminist methodology and ethic of research adds a great deal, including a reading of identity politics, standpoint theory, action-orientated research, and embedded, emotive and sincere participatory involvement. The design and methodological intent of the book is to embrace a "militant" form of inquiry which is counter to the project of securitization.

Abstract only
Dilara Begum Jolly’s garment factory-themed art
Melia Belli Bose

’s estimated 4 million workers are young, non-literate women from low-income families in rural areas, 3 whose circumstances make them particularly vulnerable to systems of structural violence. 4 In the past decade alone, at least 2,200 Bangladeshi garment workers have died in factory accidents and hundreds more have been injured. 5 In a single week in 2006, two garment factory complexes collapsed and another was destroyed by fire, collectively killing and injuring hundreds of workers. 6 The industry’s largest-scale disaster

in Threads of globalization
Governing and politicising ‘actually existing austerity’ in a post-democratic city
Joe Penny

field of (constrained) action in London to suggest that a ‘common sense’ over how austerity should be managed is being pushed by local urban elites, based on three inter-locking logics: compassionate competence; responsibilisation; and speculative urban entrepreneurialism. Both myself and Ellis ( chapter 4 ) explore the structural connections between austerity, inequality and violence. But where Ellis explores interpersonal expressions of violence, this chapter engages with a structural violence which has unfolded on the terrain of the local state

in How the other half lives
Abstract only
Labour, class, environments and anthropology
Penny McCall Howard

an important role in examining the contradictions and dynamism in skill and many other topics of anthropological research. I have discussed the intimate relations that could develop out of people’s skilled interactions with machines in the process of feeling, sounding and maintenance, as long as they remained in control of them. But I also discussed the situation of structural violence that arose for people who were not able to exert this control. A class analysis of similar contradictions in many other areas of human practice can assist with understanding the

in Environment, labour and capitalism at sea
Dreams and the dreamlike in Pose (2019)
Lydia Ayame Hiraide

omnipresence of death or near-death in the series underlines its critique of the ways in which ‘violence is built into the structure [of society] and shows up as unequal power and consequently as unequal life chances’ (Galtung, 1969 : 171). Structural violence can be understood via the lens of what Mbembe calls necropower, the notion that ‘the ultimate expression of sovereignty resides, to a large degree, in the power and the

in Dreams and atrocity