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Peter Barry

Structuralist chickens and liberal humanist eggs Structuralism is an intellectual movement which began in France in the 1950s and is first seen in the work of the anthropologist Claude Lévi-Strauss (1908–2009) and the literary critic Roland Barthes (1915–80). It is difficult to boil structuralism down to a single ‘bottom-line’ proposition, but if forced to do so I would say that its essence is the belief that things cannot be understood in isolation – they have to be seen in the context of the larger structures they are part of (hence the term ‘structuralism

in Beginning theory (fourth edition)
Catherine Lu

everyone is in it together. On the other hand, solidarity seems most rare and fickle where it is most needed, that is, in contexts of adversity marked by deep structural injustice, where the bonds of communal attachments or identification are rigidly segregated, demotivating action that could aid in dismantling the barriers posed by structural domination or oppression. ‘Vaccine nationalism’ on the part of wealthy nations since the start of the pandemic has pointedly exposed the limits of solidarity, and the role of exclusionary identification in stymying wider

in Solidarity – Nature, grounds, and value
Peter Barry

Some theoretical differences between structuralism and post-structuralism Is post-structuralism a continuation and development of structuralism or a form of rebellion against it? In one important sense it is the latter, since a very effective way of rebelling is to accuse your predecessors of not having the courage of their convictions. Thus post-structuralists accuse structuralists of not following through the implications of the views about language on which their intellectual system is based. As we saw, one of structuralism's characteristic views is the

in Beginning theory (fourth edition)
Anastasia Marinopoulou

 5 1 2 Structuralism and poststructuralism One of the pulsions that led me to launch this study is the naively ethical feeling that we cannot let state technocrats continue like that, in a state of total civic irresponsibility, and that it would be intolerable and unconscionable for social scientists not to intervene, with all due awareness of the limitations of their discipline. If, as Bachelard says, ‘every chemist must fight the alchemist within’, every sociologist must fight the social prophet within that his public asks him to incarnate. Pierre Bourdieu and

in Critical theory and epistemology

embedded in our economies. Now, we turn to explore the framework of neoclassical economics in more depth, arguing that it is fundamentally unable to make visible, much less address structural inequalities between and within countries and groups. As a result, even if academic economics was to focus much more on the specific economic realities of different

in Reclaiming economics for future generations
Penny McCall Howard

18 6 Structural violence in ecological systems During the time I knew Alasdair and worked on his small fishing trawler, he told me Findus’ story again and again. The first time was after a month of patiently tolerating my questions about environmental relations and fishing practices. Alasdair gently pointed out that I  had never asked him about losing friends at sea, and then he told me about Findus and the wreck of his fishing boat, which still lay on the seafloor six miles west of the rugged coast of Skye. Almost four years later, Alasdair brought up Findus

in Environment, labour and capitalism at sea
The case of Volgograd Oblast
Vladimir Gel'man

9 Vladimir Gel'man 1 Democratisation, structural pluralism and fragile bi-centrism: the case of Volgograd O blast The diversity of political developments in Russia's regions has provided scholars with new opportunities to engage in broad comparative research. 2 The combination of two empirical dimensions of comparative studies - cross-national and cross-regional - is the best way forward to provide a theoretical explanation of contemporary Russian politics. 3 However, the insufficient theoretical basis of post-Soviet politics (pending new empirical studies of

in Regional politics in Russia
Niilo Kauppi

2 A structural constructivist theory of politics and of European integration In this chapter, I explore in detail structural constructivism as a theory of European integration. By structural constructivism I refer to a mostly French research tradition that develops some of Pierre Bourdieu's theoretical tools (Bourdieu 1989, 14-25; Ansart 1990; Katshanov and Shmatko 1996, 90-104; Kauppi 1996, 53-68, 2000). Bourdieu's structural constructivist theory of politics offers powerful instruments for a critical analysis of political power. In European studies, the theory

in Democracy, social resources and political power in the European Union
Paul K. Jones

. It is this dynamic that informs my concluding framework of ‘structural transformations of demagogic populism’. My aim is not to provide an authoritative account of the Habermasian conception of the public sphere. Rather it is to recoup the structural transformation thesis as a ‘bridge’, albeit schematic, from the demagogy studies towards the present by immanently developing the role of populism and demagogy within it. Habermas's initial structural transformation thesis regarding the public sphere owes much to the first-generation critical theorists, visible in his

in Critical theory and demagogic populism
Greer Vanderbyl
John Albanese
, and
Hugo F. V. Cardoso

The sourcing of cadavers for North American skeletal reference collections occurred immediately after death and targeted the poor and marginalised. In Europe, collections sourced bodies that were buried and unclaimed after some time in cemeteries with no perpetual care mandate, and may have also targeted the underprivileged. The relationship between socio-economic status (SES) and abandonment was examined in a sample of unclaimed remains (603 adults and 98 children) collected from cemeteries in the city of Lisbon, Portugal, that were incorporated in a collection. Results demonstrate that low SES individuals are not more likely to be abandoned nor to be incorporated in the collection than higher SES individuals. Furthermore, historical data indicate that the poorest were not incorporated into the collection, because of burial practices. Although the accumulation of collections in North America was facilitated by structural violence that targeted the poor and marginalised, this phenomenon seems largely absent in the Lisbon collection.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal