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 5 1 2 Structuralism and poststructuralism One of the pulsions that led me to launch this study is the naively ethical feeling that we cannot let state technocrats continue like that, in a state of total civic irresponsibility, and that it would be intolerable and unconscionable for social scientists not to intervene, with all due awareness of the limitations of their discipline. If, as Bachelard says, ‘every chemist must fight the alchemist within’, every sociologist must fight the social prophet within that his public asks him to incarnate. Pierre Bourdieu and

in Critical theory and epistemology

18 6 Structural violence in ecological systems During the time I knew Alasdair and worked on his small fishing trawler, he told me Findus’ story again and again. The first time was after a month of patiently tolerating my questions about environmental relations and fishing practices. Alasdair gently pointed out that I  had never asked him about losing friends at sea, and then he told me about Findus and the wreck of his fishing boat, which still lay on the seafloor six miles west of the rugged coast of Skye. Almost four years later, Alasdair brought up Findus

in Environment, labour and capitalism at sea

2 A structural constructivist theory of politics and of European integration In this chapter, I explore in detail structural constructivism as a theory of European integration. By structural constructivism I refer to a mostly French research tradition that develops some of Pierre Bourdieu's theoretical tools (Bourdieu 1989, 14-25; Ansart 1990; Katshanov and Shmatko 1996, 90-104; Kauppi 1996, 53-68, 2000). Bourdieu's structural constructivist theory of politics offers powerful instruments for a critical analysis of political power. In European studies, the theory

in Democracy, social resources and political power in the European Union

3 Anarchists of the world, unite! A meso-structural analysis The need for organization in social life – even the symphony between organization and society, I would be tempted to say – is so self-evident that it is mind-boggling that it could ever have been questioned. (Errico Malatesta) Anarchism in organizations Despite jokes about “organized anarchists as oxymoronic,” anarchists clearly self-organize and belong to organizations. Yet, sociological research has not comprehensively assessed the factors that influence where anarchism thrives and its particular

in Black flags and social movements

structural factors of race/class and economic relations with the core capitalist countries rather than national societal needs. An essential difficulty during the latter quarter of the twentieth century for most Latin American countries was that a substantial proportion of the earnings from exports went to pay off crippling international debts, instead of being used for reinvestment in social programmes or in the establishment of new industries. Venezuela was no exception: in 2004, it spent 6.0% of its gross domestic product (GDP) on debt servicing, whereas it only spent 2

in Hugo Chávez and the Bolivarian revolution
Open Access (free)
Governing Precarity through Adaptive Design

, driven by the neoliberalism of the conservative counter-revolution, this social protection has largely evaporated. Insurance- and company-based social protection has historically been limited or absent in the global South. Late-modern precarity begins here first ( Munck, 2013 ). Encouraged by the imposition of structural adjustment, the South’s informal economies began to rapidly expand from the end the 1970s, absorbing the surplus population thrown off as public-sector employment and services contracted ( Cornia, 1987 ). Moving to catch up, so to

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Biting into the Global Myth

This article discusses the manner in which the vampire fiction of contemporary Ukrainian author Halyna Pahutiak enters into a dialogue with the global vampire discourse whose core or ‘cultural capital’ finds its origins largely in Bram Stoker’s novel Dracula (1897). Through discussion of thematic, stylistic, and structural similarities and differences between Pahutiak and Stoker’s portrayals of the vampire myth, my paper sheds light on the conscious mythmaking strategies that Pahutiak employs to return the vampire symbolically from the West to Eastern Europe where it originated, and reassess the core characteristics of the Dracula myth.

Gothic Studies

This article will investigate the process of confronting death in cases of the disappeared of the last military dictatorship in Argentina. Based on the exhumation and identification of the body of a disappeared person, the article will reflect on how the persons social situation can be reconfigured, causing structural changes within the family and other groups. This will be followed by a discussion of the reflections generated by the anthropologist during his or her interview process, as well as an investigation into the authors own experiences in the field. This intimate relationship between the anthropologist and death, through the inevitable contact that takes place among the bodies, causes resonances in the context both of exhumations and of identifications in the anthropologists wider fieldwork.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Time Fear and Audience in Dickinson‘s Gothic Drama

Dickinson‘s Poem 754 can be seen as a paradigm of her self-staging, consisting as it does of a range of strategies by which she connects the imagination with fear and thereby determines a new role for the reader as spectator. In exploring the ways in which Dickinson manipulates time (with a special emphasis on suspense, curiosity, and ambiguity), I argue that she opens a new domain of experience in which the subject comtemplates her/his self entering into a relationship with otherness. This marks her innovations in relation to lyric, to Gothic and to Romantic conventions. First, Dickinson adopts the Gothic as a subtext that undermines the official affirmations of the hymn, subverts its conceptual and structural unity, and disunifies and variegates the lyric self. Second, if Gothicism projects what the dominant culture cannot incorporate within itself onto the monstrosity of the other, Dickinson locates that ‘other’ inside the self. Third, she revolutionizes the Romantic lyric by legitimizing the Gothic; in altering its stock devices by means of her temporal strategies, Dickinson allows the reader to experience the sublime in new ways.

Gothic Studies

In recent years, exhumation campaigns of mass graves resulting from the armed conflict (1980–2000) between the Maoist guerrillas of PCP-Shining Path (Sendero Luminoso) and the States armed forces have increased in Peru. People in rural Andes, the most marginalised sectors of national society, which were also particularly affected by the war, are the main group concerned with exhumations. This article examines the handling, flow and re-appropriation of exhumed human remains in public space to inform sociopolitical issues underlying the reparation policies implemented by the State, sometimes with the support of human rights NGOs. How do the families of victims become involved in this unusual return of their dead? Have the exhumations become a new repertoire of collective action for Andean people seeking to access their fundamental rights and for recognition of their status as citizens? Finally, what do these devices that dignify the dead reveal about the internal workings of Peruvian society – its structural inequities and racism – which permeate the social fabric?

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal