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In the Renaissance, the archetype for history was the classical muse Clio, a much-painted figure in an era when the 'history painting' was one of the predominant genres in European visual art. One Renaissance dramatist and poet who never made reference to Clio was William Shakespeare. This book is about official and unofficial versions of the past, histories and counter-histories, in Shakespeare's works and their subsequent appropriations. It builds on a long period in which those of us working in literary and theatre studies have developed an awareness of the extent to which conventional recreations of the past are mediated through the fictionalising structures of narrative. The book explores how the history plays construct counter-historical representations of the dead. It argues that the 'dislocutionary' threat of grief and the performance of the suffering body is a version of the kind of spectator/spectre relationship drawn in any ritualised encounter with the cult of the ancestor. The book combines four historicist readings which explore counter-histories in the early modern period. It examines the relationship between Shakespeare's history plays and alternative dynastic histories. The book also explores questions of history and identity, particularly as they can be configured through performance. It challenges the view that women become progressively marginalised across the histories by arguing that Shakespeare's warlike women enact a power onstage which forces us to rethink official, patriarchal history.

The body as witness
Laurence Lux-Sterritt

quite evident. Death and the promise of heavenly nuptials The suffering body played a part in the spiritual lives of both individuals and communities; it gave nuns the opportunity to display good religious behaviour during trying times. Perhaps more surprisingly, however, the dead body also played a similar role. Death was a part of early modern life, particularly for women who risked their lives in childbirth. The average life expectancy for seventeenth-century English men and women hovered around the age of forty, although there were great differences according to

in English Benedictine nuns in exile in the seventeenth century
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The many bodies of James VI and I
Alastair Bellany

pathological history of royal bodies. James’s chronic physical ailments figure in both official and libellous representations of the royal body, but his suffering body was at the centre of several other political histories. As Tom Cogswell and I have argued, the circumstances of James’s final illness and death and the post-mortem condition of his body became the subject of controversial and long-lasting political scrutiny. 3 But ill-health shaped James’s kingship in other ways. It was integral to key dynamics of Jacobean court

in Political and religious practice in the early modern British world
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Nomadism and the making and unmaking of the world in the Border Trilogy
Lydia R. Cooper

The second movement of the book turns to examinations of complex systems—what McCarthy terms ‘matrices’ or webs of being. Chapter 5 examines the problem of pain—why bodily pain is such a powerful act of unmaking in individuals and whole systems. It specifically looks at images of suffering bodies in the Border Trilogy and proposes the need for a non-anthropocentric embodied ethics of care, which is described here as a nomadic ethics, a worldview characterized by adaptation and care for human and nonhuman others.

in Cormac McCarthy
Open Access (free)
Environmental justice and citizen science in a post-truth age
Editors: Thom Davies and Alice Mah

This book examines the relationship between environmental justice and citizen science, focusing on enduring issues and new challenges in a post-truth age. Debates over science, facts, and values have always been pivotal within environmental justice struggles. For decades, environmental justice activists have campaigned against the misuses of science, while at the same time engaging in community-led citizen science. However, post-truth politics has threatened science itself. This book makes the case for the importance of science, knowledge, and data that are produced by and for ordinary people living with environmental risks and hazards. The international, interdisciplinary contributions range from grassroots environmental justice struggles in American hog country and contaminated indigenous communities, to local environmental controversies in Spain and China, to questions about “knowledge justice,” citizenship, participation, and data in citizen science surrounding toxicity. The book features inspiring studies of community-based participatory environmental health and justice research; different ways of sensing, witnessing, and interpreting environmental injustice; political strategies for seeking environmental justice; and ways of expanding the concepts and forms of engagement of citizen science around the world. While the book will be of critical interest to specialists in social and environmental sciences, it will also be accessible to graduate and postgraduate audiences. More broadly, the book will appeal to members of the public interested in social justice issues, as well as community members who are thinking about participating in citizen science and activism. Toxic Truths includes distinguished contributing authors in the field of environmental justice, alongside cutting-edge research from emerging scholars and community activists.

Living spirituality

Between 1598 and 1800, an estimated 3, 271 Catholic women left England to enter convents on the Continent. This study focuses more particularly upon those who became Benedictines in the seventeenth century, choosing exile in order to pursue their vocation for an enclosed life. Through the study of a wide variety of original manuscripts, including chronicles, death notices, clerical instructions, texts of spiritual guidance, but also the nuns’ own collections of notes, this book highlights the tensions between the contemplative ideal and the nuns’ personal experiences. Its first four chapters adopt a traditional historical approach to illustrate the tensions between theory and practice in the ideal of being dead to the world. They offer a prosopographical study of Benedictine convents in exile, and show how those houses were both cut-off and enclosed yet very much in touch with the religious and political developments at home. The next fur chapters propose a different point of entry into the history of nuns, with a study of emotions and the senses in the cloister, delving into the textual analysis of the nuns’ personal and communal documents to explore aspect of a lived spirituality, when the body, which so often hindered the spirit, at times enabled spiritual experience.

The Manchester School, colonial and postcolonial transformations
Author: Richard Werbner

Anthropology after Gluckman places the intimate circle around Max Gluckman, his Manchester School, in the vanguard of modern social anthropology. The book discloses the School’s intense, argument-rich collaborations, developing beyond an original focus in south and central Africa. Where outsiders have seen dominating leadership by Gluckman, a common stock of problems, and much about conflict, Richard Werbner highlights how insiders were drawn to explore many new frontiers in fieldwork and in-depth, reflexive ethnography, because they themselves, in class and gender, ethnicity and national origins, were remarkably inclusive. Characteristically different anthropologists, their careers met the challenges of being a public intellectual, an international celebrity, an institutional good citizen, a social and political activist, an advocate of legal justice. Their living legacies are shown, for the first time, through interlinked social biography and intellectual history to reach broadly across politics, law, ritual, semiotics, development studies, comparative urbanism, social network analysis and mathematical sociology. Innovation – in research methods and techniques, in documenting people’s changing praxis and social relations, in comparative analysis and a destabilizing strategy of re-analysis within ethnography – became the School’s hallmark. Much of this exploration confronted troubling times in Africa, colonial and postcolonial, which put the anthropologists and their anthropological knowledge at risk. The resurgence of debate about decolonization makes the accounts of fierce, End of Empire argument and recent postcolonial anthropology all the more topical. The lessons, even in activism, for social scientists, teachers as well as graduate and undergraduate students are compelling for our own troubled times.

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Towards a reverse anthropology of the early modern colonial body
Karel Vanhaesebrouck

how this play not only explains the cultural phantasm of the ‘wild’ (le sauvage) but also criticises it. It will show that this play puts the colonial relationship between Portugal and the African continent in a complex and nuanced perspective and at the same time, via Portugal, comments on the colonial exploits of the French. In this the suffering body of the Portuguese (the characters keep on repeating how much they suffer) functions as a theatrical canvas onto which cultural fantasies are projected but also problematised. The chapter will refer to recent research

in The hurt(ful) body
The UK’s response to children during the refugee crisis
Ala Sirriyeh

, 2013 ; Bloch and Schuster, 2005 ), children are regarded as an investment in the future of the nation, to be moulded into model citizens through protection and guidance (Sirriyeh, 2014 ). Meanwhile, I argue that a recent shift has taken place from the recognition of the threatened body to the recognition of the suffering body (Fassin, 2011 ) which has further heightened the status of some refugee children as the ideal ‘deserving’ refugees. In this chapter, I consequently suggest that within the wider context of hostility there have been some

in Displacement
Peter C. Little

representational strategies, the risks of “hazardous aesthetics” (Rosenfeld et al. 2018) and challenges of “visual ­interventions” (Pink 2007; Peeples 2011; Harper 2012; see also Harper 2002). DAVIES & MAH 9781526137029 PRINT.indd 147 08/06/2020 15:32 148 Sensing and witnessing injustice More recently, visual anthropologists contend that relying on images of suffering bodies as a visual strategy of depicting injustice or inequality is at odds with making systemic social, economic, and political oppression visible … [I]mages of suffering bodies tend to naturalize

in Toxic truths