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Indonesian perceptions of power relationships with the Dutch
Jean Gelman Taylor

Introduction In 1601, in Aceh, Sultan Alauddin Shah placed his seal on a letter, dated 11 December 1600, that had been presented to him by Dutch merchant-envoys on behalf of Holland’s Maurits of Orange-Nassau. 1 Alauddin’s envoys carried their sultan’s letters (wrapped in silk) and gifts across the seas to Maurits. This embassy of 1601–3 was to

in Crowns and colonies
Bulletin of the John Rylands Library
Visual Advocacy in the Early Decades of Humanitarian Cinema
Valérie Gorin

), ‘ The Red Cross Bureau of Pictures, 1917–1921: World War I, the Russian Revolution and the Sultan of Turkey’s Harem ’, Historical Journal of Film, Radio, and Television , 10 : 4 , 47 – 70 . Wells , K. ( 2013 ), ‘ The Melodrama of Being a Child: NGO Representations of Poverty ’, Visual Communication , 12 : 3 , 277 – 93 . Werner , G. ( 1920 ), ‘ Le “Save the Children Fund” ’, International Review of the Red Cross , 2 : 21 , 1008 – 24 . Zelizer , B. ( 2010 ), About to Die: How News Images Move the Public

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs

In the 1940s, the British king, the Dutch queen and the Japanese emperor reigned over colonial possessions in Asia, whose ‘protected’ indigenous monarchs included Indian and Himalayan maharajas, Shan princes in Burma, and sultans in the Malay states and the Dutch East Indies, as well as the Vietnamese emperor and the Cambodian and Lao king in the French republican empire, and the ‘white raja’ of Sarawak. Decolonisation posed the question about the form of government to be adopted in successor states to the colonial empires and about the fate of local dynasties. As their possessions gained independence, the European and Japanese monarchies also had to adapt to a post-imperial world. This collection of original essays by an international group of distinguished historians argues that the institution of monarchy, and individual monarchs, occupied key roles in the process of decolonisation. It analyses the role of monarchy (both foreign and indigenous) in the late colonial period and with decolonisation. It examines the post-colonial fate of thrones buffeted and sometimes destroyed by republicanism and radicalism. It assesses the ways that surviving dynasties and the descendants of abolished dynasties have adapted to new social and political orders, and it considers the legacies left by extant and defunct dynasties in contemporary Asia.

Yogyakarta during the Indonesian decolonisation, 1942–50
Bayu Dardias Kurniadi

targeted by anti-monarchy movements as they were seen by educated urban Indonesians as ‘overprivileged servants of the colonial regime’ 2 who ‘had little sympathy for the Republic, given the intensely anti-aristocratic views of the radical movement’. 3 In many parts of Indonesia, sultans and rajas were kidnapped, exiled or murdered, and their palaces looted and burned; other monarchies were simply disestablished. 4 In eastern Sumatra, for instance, out of thirty-four native states, only twenty-five survived by the early 1950s, and within Indonesia as a whole all but

in Monarchies and decolonisation in Asia
Sultan Omar Ali and the quest for royal absolutism
Naimah S. Talib

The survival of Brunei as the only ruling absolute monarchy in Southeast Asia has been attributed to the statesmanship of its former Sultan, Sir Omar Ali Saifuddin. 1 Credited as the ‘architect’ of modern Brunei, Sultan Omar Ali’s reign, from 1950 to 1967, coincided with a period in post-war colonial Southeast Asia marked by tumultuous change. The Japanese occupation of Southeast Asia during the Second World War highlighted the inequities brought about by colonialism, and the end of the war provided opportunities for colonised peoples in the region to question

in Monarchies and decolonisation in Asia
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Dethroning And Exiling Indigenous Monarchs Under British And French Colonial Rule, 1815– 1955

The overthrow and exile of Napoleon in 1815 is a familiar episode in modern history, but it is not well known that just a few months later, British colonisers toppled and banished the last king in Ceylon. This book explores confrontations and accommodations between European colonisers and indigenous monarchs. It discusses the displacement of a few among the three dozen 'potentates' by British and French authorities from 1815 until the 1950s. The complicated relationship between the crown of a colonising country and colonial monarchies has often lain in the background of historical research, but relatively seldom appeared in the forefront except in the case of the Indian princely states. The book further examines particular cases of the deposition and exile of rulers: King Sri Vikrama Rajasinha in Ceylon in 1815, Queen Ranavalona of Madagascar in 1897, and Emperors Ham Nghi, Thanh Thai and Duy Tan in Vietnam during 1885-1916. It also provides more composite accounts of Asia and Africa: the British ouster of Indian princes, the last Burmese king and a sultan in Malaya, and then British and French removal of a host of 'chieftains' in sub-Saharan Africa. Finally, the book looks at the French colonial removal of rulers in Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia - and the restoration of a Moroccan sultan on the eve of decolonisation. By the end of the colonial period, in many countries around the globe, monarchism - kingship, had lost its old potency, though it has not disappeared.

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Politics, Pageantry and Colonialism

Royal tours of the 1800s and early 1900s, and since, have created much documentation, perhaps the most obvious record contained in newspapers and magazines, newsreels and then radio and television broadcasts. Tours expressed and promoted royal and imperial authority, though in some instances they revealed resistance against expansionist designs. The royal visitor was the central actor in a tour, but was surrounded by an entourage of other people and a store of paraphernalia that played essential roles. This book examines how presentation is managed when ambassadors are sent in place of the royal personage. Sultan Alauddin of Aceh mounted a royal tour by proxy in which he was embodied - and concealed - in his gifts and in the humbler persons of his placeholders. Prince Alfred Ernest Albert, Duke of Edinburgh, provided a template for later royal tours in three ways. First, he pioneered a new relationship with the Royal Navy as a training institution for British princes. Second, his lengthy visits paved the way for similarly ambitious global tours. Alfred's tours cultivated a range of trusted support staff. Imperial citizenship and even Britishness were embraced by non- English and non- British subjects of the queen. One young prince who was present in Britain at some of the most glittering events was Thakur Sahib Bhagvatsinh, a Rajput who ruled Gondal. The book also discusses Kaiser Wilhelm II's tour, King Sisowath and Emperor Khai Dinh's tour to France, the Portuguese crown prince's tour of Africa, and tours during Smuts's Raj.

Exile from French North Africa
Robert Aldrich

, though in varying ways, in French North Africa: Algeria, Tunisia and Morocco. The French had invaded Algeria in 1830, on the pretence of a slight to their consul by the dey , ruler of the Regency of Algiers; elected by local elites for life, the dey ruled autonomously, but nominally represented the Ottoman sultan. Hussein Dey surrendered to the French conquerors; denied permission to move to

in Banished potentates
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The embassy of Sultan Alauddin of Aceh to the Netherlands, 1601– 1603
Jean Gelman Taylor

mark concepts of royal personhood. Communication may be direct or through interpreters. We may question the timing and motivations for the tour, and what indices judge its success. Here I examine how presentation is managed when ambassadors are sent in place of the royal personage. The ambassadors of this case study were appointed by Sultan Alauddin Riayat Shah Sayyid al-Mukammal of Aceh (r. 1589

in Royals on tour