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The genesis of Israeli policies of population management, surveillance and political control towards the Palestinian minority

Widely regarded as expert in techniques of surveillance and political control, Israel has been successful in controlling a native population for a long time. Despite tremendous challenges, it has maintained a tight grip over a large Palestinian population in the territories it occupied in the 1967 war. Moreover, it has effectively contained the Palestinian minority inside its 1948 borders. This book discusses the foundation of an Israeli discourse about the Palestinian minority, which Israeli leaders called birour or clarification, and the circumstances of its emergence and crystallization. It talks about the policy of constructing the Palestinians both as non-Jews and as an assortment of insular minorities. The fate of this minority was not only an Israeli internal affair but also an issue of concern to the international community. An analysis of the legal and institutional frameworks, and the role of state power in categorizing the Palestinians, follows. The book also analyses the ways state control and surveillance were implemented at the level of the locality. The book highlights the way state educational policy not just fostered the segmentation described earlier but promoted among students and educators. It then takes up the question of political rights and their meaning under the rule of Military Government. It concludes with personal reflections on the thousands of minutes, protocols, reports, plans and personal messages.

From parish constable to national computer

Police Control Systems focuses on the way that British police institutions have controlled the individual constable on the ‘front line’. This control has been exercised by a variety of different institutions and individuals, ranging from direct day-to-day input from ‘the community’, responsibility under Common Law, through bureaucratic systems built around exacting codes of rules – and the gradual modification of this process to accommodate a growing professionalism – to the real-time control of officers by radio, coupled with the increasing use of surveillance techniques. This is the first book on police history which looks at how police institutions worked on a day to day level. It challenges the idea that the reformed police of the early nineteenth century were automatically ‘professional’, asserting instead that in most respects they were de-professionalised. It describes the role played in police organisations by books, forms, clerks, and telephones, and looks at how some of this technology was derived from military precedents. It argues that at many - but not all – technical milestones in these institutional developments were precipitated by national security concerns. It ends with an analysis of the development of the Police National Computer in the 1960s and 1970s: a milestone in policing and computing history which has never been explored before.

A post-colonial reassessment of cultural sensitivity in conflict governance
Kristoffer Lidén and Elida K. U. Jacobsen

certain scientific and numerical rationality about the world and the population. It narrows/simplifies the overview of the population and individuals – according to prescribed values of efficiency and neutrality – in order to make it possible to govern in a most effective way. Rather than being neutral, numbers are indeed political tools that can be used for different ends depending on the socio-political climate. Surveillance techniques as an important integral part of population management is a powerful strategy, because ‘it implies a viewer with an elevated vantage

in Cultures of governance and peace
Abstract only
The fightback
Sarah Fine

“bear the full weight of US law as though their determinations were made ‘at the border’,” and in this way the border is “replanted as a legal construct on non-US soil” ( p. 27 ). These shifting border practices are replicated elsewhere. The European Union has developed sophisticated surveillance techniques designed to monitor the movement of non-EU citizens, not just once they are within EU territory, but from the start of their journey in their countries of origin ( p. 36 ). In one of the more alarming passages of Shachar’s essay, she introduces the reader to

in The shifting border
Kevin Harrison and Tony Boyd

private property, surveillance techniques and the role of secret police and terror are concomitant with the higher ‘good’ of the state acting in the interests of the collective and not the individual. However, critics of the self-serving state do not confine their warnings to states shaped by these regimes. Many liberal thinkers and politicians have argued that even social-democratic states, for the best of

in Understanding political ideas and movements
David M. Anderson

severe strain. By the early 1930s these crimes were no longer undertaken simply by opportunistic individuals: professional and well organised gangs of criminals were known to be operating throughout the Settled and Urban Areas. The police adopted new methods to meet the challenge, setting up special units to deal with these crimes, and using surveillance techniques with known criminals. 50

in Policing the empire
Rowland Atkinson and Sarah Blandy

(Rainwater, 1966). Sophisticated surveillance techniques and security devices have 112 Domestic fortress 6.2  Watchtower and cameras in Detroit become widespread and ever more prevalent in the most affluent districts. In terms of physical adaptations for protection and defence, home owners are correct to compare themselves favourably with tenants on the grounds that, as owners they have the incentive to fit such defences. Many new working-class homeowners in Bristol said they could now ‘do more’ to their homes (Gurney, 1999b: 1714). Mary Douglas (1991) argues that the

in Domestic fortress
David M. Anderson

Cyprus Police were woefully deficient: strenuous efforts were made to improve police intelligence, surveillance techniques and police record-keeping. Each of these three aspects of the policing of the Emergency must be examined in detail. Communal politics and policing In policing the Emergency the ethnic balance of the security forces became a crucial issue, in

in Policing and decolonisation
Abstract only
Louise A. Jackson and Angela Bartie

possible drug use increased, so too did the involvement of specialist plain clothes teams: the Drugs Squad (Manchester) and ‘Clubs’ Section (West End Central). Frustrated by their inability to carry out routine inspections, undercover surveillance techniques were soon deployed. For these purposes they often used young recruits, including women cadets, whose police identity could be more effectively concealed and who could ‘affect the dress and deportment of the persons frequenting coffee clubs’.65 When sufficient evidence had been accumulated, the Drugs Squad applied for

in Policing youth
Post-war French polar, from Becker to Corneau
Philippe Met

conventional police shadowing and surveillance techniques, which patently hark back to the oft-blurred line between cops and villains in Melville’s crime thrillers. The divide with the younger crowd (inclined to congregate in cafés) is also underscored all around: the interfering neighbourhood louts are no match for the cool and collected old-timers, and drug peddling to such easy preys as ‘high schoolers and immigrants’ is laconically lambasted as what today’s delinquents are like and into (‘le genre d’aujourd’hui, quoi’).25 Perhaps expectedly in a genre so rife with filial

in Screening the Paris suburbs