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Today, in many countries what is viewed as ‘credible’ economic knowledge stems from academic economics. The discipline of academic economics is based in universities across the world that employ economists who produce research that is published in academic journals and educate students who then go into government, businesses, and think tanks. Through the book’s authors’ and contributors’ experiences of economics education, and as part of the international student movement Rethinking Economics, it argues that academic economics in its current state does not provide people with the knowledge that we need to build thriving economies that allows everyone to flourish wherever they are from in the world, and whatever their racialised identity, gender or socioeconomic background. The consequences of this inadequate education links to modern economies being a root cause of systemic racism and sexism, socioeconomic inequality, and the ecological crisis. When economies are rooted in a set of principles that values whiteness, maleness and wealth, we should not be surprised by the inequalities that show up. Structural inequalities need systemic change, change that infiltrates through every level of the system, otherwise we risk reproducing and deepening them. This book makes the case that in order to reclaim economics it is necessary to diversify, decolonise and democratise how economics is taught and practised, and by whom. It calls on everyone to do what we can to reclaim economics for racial justice, gender equality and future generations.

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Seduction and subversion
Amparo Tarazona-Vento

of iconic architecture as a means to challenge the neoliberal emphasis on growth-oriented competitive policies and governmentalities that are, ultimately, the cause of systemic inequality. References Bogre , M. ( 2011 ). Photography as Activism: Images for Social Change . London : Focal Press . Brott , S. ( 2017 ). Calatrava in Athens: the

in How the other half lives
Amrita Pande

based on a subtle form of eugenics that depoliticises issues and justifies systemic inequalities by couching them in the frame of choice. The following sections compare the history and presence of population control policies in South Africa and India to two other modes of delimiting the fertility of a certain demography – that of obstetric violence and to emerging repro-genetic technologies. I argue that forced contraceptive, limiting (legal) access to contraceptive, exposing women to violence during pregnancy and birthing, and the inherent

in Birth controlled

Chapter 8 turns to the future by exploring how the organisation of our modern economies has driven two of the biggest global crises the world faces: pandemics and climate and ecological breakdown. It is demonstrated that structural economic inequalities play a significant role in determining who lives and who dies in these crises.

The book concludes that our modern economies are unjust, illegitimate, and destructive. This is particularly harmful for those who are deprived of the resources needed to secure a basic standard of living, but ultimately it harms us all. Transformational economic systems change is necessary to address the ecological crisis and the systemic inequality that is embedded deeply into our economies, both of which are tearing our world apart. In the past few years, young people and other climate activists across generations worldwide have taken part in the school climate strikes. They call for justice for those who have been the most affected by climate change and clearly identify unequal and racialised dimensions of this within and between countries. They also highlight the importance of centring the voices of Black, Brown and Indigenous People, who for centuries have been resisting the systems that eventually led us to this situation today. The book ends by calling to create economies that are built on regeneration and care, not extraction from people or the planet. To achieve this, we must all do battle where we are standing to reclaim economics for racial justice, gender equality, and future generations.

in Reclaiming economics for future generations
Substance, symbols, and hope

The election of Barack Obama was a milestone in US history with tremendous symbolic importance for the black community. But was this symbolism backed up by substance? Did ordinary black people really benefit under the first black president?

This is the question that Andra Gillespie sets out to answer in Race and the Obama Administration. Using a variety of methodological techniques—from content analysis of executive orders to comparisons of key indicators, such as homeownership and employment rates under Clinton, Bush, and Obama— the book charts the progress of black causes and provides valuable perspective on the limitations of presidential power in addressing issues of racial inequality. Gillespie uses public opinion data to investigate the purported disconnect between Obama’s performance and his consistently high ratings among black voters, asking how far the symbolic power of the first black family in the White House was able to compensate for the compromises of political office.

Scholarly but accessible, Race and the Obama Administration will be of interest to students and lecturers in US politics and race studies, as well as to general readers who want to better understand the situation of the black community in the US today and the prospects for its improvement.


With race as a central theme, this book presents racial stratification as the underlying system which accounts for the difference in outcomes of Whites and Blacks in the labour market. Critical race theory (CRT) is employed to discuss the operation, research, maintenance and impact of racial stratification. The power of this book is the innovative use of a stratification framework to expose the pervasiveness of racial inequality in the labour market. It teaches readers how to use CRT to investigate the racial hierarchy and it provides a replicable framework to identify the racial order based on insight from the Irish case. There is a four-stage framework in the book which helps readers understand how migrants navigate the labour market from the point of migration to labour participation. The book also highlights minority agency and how migrants respond to their marginality. The examples of how social acceptance can be applied in managing difference in the workplace are an added bonus for those interested in diversity and inclusion. This book is the first of its kind in Ireland and across Europe to present inequality, racism and discrimination in the labour market from a racial stratification perspective. While this book is based on Irish data, the CRT theoretical approach, as well as its insight into migrant perspectives, poses a strong appeal to scholars of sociology, social justice, politics, intercultural communication and economics with interest in race and ethnicity, critical whiteness and migration. It is a timely contribution to CRT which offers scholars a method to conduct empirical study of racial stratification across different countries bypassing the over-reliance on secondary data. It will also appeal to countries and scholars examining causal racism and how it shapes racial inequality.

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American horror comics as Cold War commentary and critique

Printing Terror places horror comics of the mid-twentieth century in dialogue with the anxieties of their age. It rejects the narrative of horror comics as inherently and necessarily subversive and explores, instead, the ways in which these texts manifest white male fears over America’s changing sociological landscape. It examines two eras: the pre-CCA period of the 1940s and 1950s, and the post-CCA era to 1975. The authors examine each of these periods through the lenses of war, gender, and race, demonstrating that horror comics are centred upon white male victimhood and the monstrosity of the gendered and/or racialised other. It is of interest to scholars of horror, comics studies, and American history. It is suitably accessible to be used in undergraduate classes.

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Addressing intersectionality in the casting and performance of Chris Chibnall / Jodie Whittaker era Doctor Who
Christopher Hogg

‘politically correct direction’ at the expense of its storytelling or whether series 11 onwards marks a triumphant crystallization of the show’s progressive sensibilities. Thinking more along the commercial and technological lines of an international ‘franchise in transition’, Lynette Porter argues that Doctor Who must ‘confront the challenges of changing times’ ( 2012 : 167). Surely attending to such challenges must also extend to acknowledging and tackling systemic inequalities of access, inclusion, and

in Doctor Who – New Dawn
Mark Harvey

extensive, vision of a just society, than one based on a restricted notion of the social ownership of the means of production. Of course, just as we must avoid going backwards from Marx’s insights, any vision of a Journeying through Marxism 9 more just society could not be one which includes the private ownership of capital, and the enormous, often grotesque, inequalities associated with it. These preliminary remarks will be reprised in the conclusion, once the multiple dynamics generating systemic inequalities have been more fully explored. But central to this

in Inequality and Democratic Egalitarianism
An ethical response from South Africa informed by vulnerability and justice
Manitza Kotzé

formed by the realty of systemic inequality, and that this has especially been the case for vulnerable women (Ross, 2017 : 291). Within the South African context, for example, it was mentioned previously that the young low-income women who are drawn to egg donation for the financial compensation are unlikely to access or afford the biotechnological treatments they make possible for others. This systemic inequality that Ross mentions are, then, also a feature within the South African landscape in terms of reproductive technology. In addition, the first aspect of

in Birth controlled