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The Conference of Religious in Ireland (Justice Commission)
Joe Larragy

8 Superior tactics? The Conference of Religious in Ireland (Justice Commission) The CORI Justice Commission Introduction One of the most interesting actors in Irish social partnership has been the Justice Commission of the Conference of Religious in Ireland (hereinafter CORI Justice), which became perhaps the single most influential voice of the CVP over time. Although there might be no surprise at a Catholic organisation exercising influence in what has been traditionally defined as a Catholic country, the positions taken by CORI Justice have often departed

in Asymmetric engagement
David McGrogan

with certain other circumstantial conditions, gives international human rights law a strongly teleocratic drift, and this results in a phenomenon which I described as the governmentalisation of global human rights governance. This refers to the deployment of regulatory or managerial tactics for the conducting of conduct in the manner which Foucault called governmental, and which derive from the correlations between the juridico-legal, disciplinary, and security modalities of rule. It is necessary for such governmental tactics to be used in order to realise the

in Critical theory and human rights
Self-formation and the multiplicity of authority in Polish conversions to Judaism
Jan Lorenz

transformative procedure. As I will show, transforming oneself into a Polish Jew may require accepting the uncertainty of such becoming in the global arena of contentious legalistic authorities, in contrast to the halakhic ideal of definite conversion. In some cases, completing giyur entails adopting elaborate tactics of shifting between authorities, institutions and spheres of influence. Informal strategies as to how to succeed in the formalised process of conversion themselves become a kind of common knowledge among more

in Rules and ethics
Jenny Pickerill

5 Electronic tactics and digital alternative media One of the key potential uses of CMC, in addition to its use for mobilisation and co-ordination of activism, is as a tool of protest in itself. CMC could be used for more than the distribution of information, notably as a tool with which to lobby adversaries, undertake ‘hacktivism’ or as a conduit for alternative media. Environmental activists have utilised diverse tactics in the attempt to assert their influence upon the decision-making process and society. Such tactics have included lobbying politicians

in Cyberprotest
A Focus on Community Engagement
Frédéric Le Marcis
,
Luisa Enria
,
Sharon Abramowitz
,
Almudena-Mari Saez
, and
Sylvain Landry B. Faye

from ready-made engagement tactics (such as systematically calling the chiefs, elders, women and youths), anthropologically informed assessments of the West African Ebola response paint a more complex picture of engagement in practice, revealing murky social dynamics in some encounters, including aggressive appeals for collaboration, top-down decision-making and a lack of accountability ( Calain and Poncin, 2015 ; Carrión et al., 2016 ; Cohn and Kutalek 2016

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
On James Baldwin and the Many Roles in Revolution
Nicholas Binford

Artists, scholars, and popular media often describe James Baldwin as revolutionary, either for his written work or for his role in the civil rights movement. But what does it mean to be revolutionary? This article contends that thoughtlessly calling James Baldwin revolutionary obscures and erases the non-revolutionary strategies and approaches he employed in his contributions to the civil rights movement and to race relations as a whole. Frequent use of revolutionary as a synonym for “great” or “important” creates an association suggesting that all good things must be revolutionary, and that anything not revolutionary is insufficient, effectively erasing an entire spectrum of social and political engagement from view. Baldwin’s increasing relevance to our contemporary moment suggests that his non-revolutionary tactics are just as important as the revolutionary approaches employed by civil rights leaders such as Malcolm X or Martin Luther King, Jr.

James Baldwin Review
María José Sarrabayrouse Oliveira

The military coup of March 1976 in Argentina ruptured the prevailing institutional order, with the greater part of its repressive strategy built on clandestine practices and tactics (death, torture and disappearance) that sowed fear across large swathes of Argentine society. Simultaneously, the terrorist state established a parallel, de facto legal order through which it endeavoured to legitimise its actions. Among other social forces, the judicial branch played a pivotal role in this project of legitimisation. While conscious of the fact that many of those inside the justice system were also targets of oppression, I would like to argue that the dictatorship‘s approach was not to establish a new judicial authority but, rather, to build upon the existing institutional structure, remodelling it to suit its own interests and objectives. Based on an analysis of the criminal and administrative proceedings that together were known as the Case of the judicial morgue, this article aims to examine the ways in which the bodies of the detained-disappeared that entered the morgue during the dictatorship were handled, as well as the rationales and practices of the doctors and other employees who played a part in this process. Finally, it aims to reflect upon the traces left by judicial and administrative bureaucratic structures in relation to the crimes committed by the dictatorship, and on the legal strategies adopted by lawyers and the families of the victims.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Editors’ Introduction
Marc Le Pape
and
Michaël Neuman

constant, intense negotiations, the position-taking, and the search for the data and information needed to conduct such precarious, dangerous aid operations. Abdulkarim Ekzayez and Ammar Sabouni are Syrian doctors. They analyse the war tactics employed during the nine years of conflict. They were caregivers confronted with intense violence committed by the Syrian government against civilians and medical facilities – violence designed to ‘induce submission of civilian populations and break their resilience’, using a range of tactics from sieges to chemical weapons

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Military Tactic or Collateral Damage?
Abdulkarim Ekzayez
and
Ammar Sabouni

majority of military attacks target neighbourhoods and towns where the opposition has control rather than any specific military sites ( Boxx, 2013 ). This is mentioned in literatures outside of health in the contexts of the weaponisation of water, electricity, urbanicide or the geospatial destruction of cities, ‘razing’, besiegement tactics and the use of chemical weapon attacks ( Scheumann, 2014 ; Vignal, 2014 ; Al-Jablawi, 2017 ; Maitra, 2017 ; Todman, 2016 ; Ekzayez and Thompson, 2018 ). We present here our observations that civilians and civilian

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Uses and Misuses of International Humanitarian Law and Humanitarian Principles
Rony Brauman

resulted in a de facto change in the shape of conflictual relationships. Does that mean that they now claim more victims among civilians than among combatants? That is what was claimed – to take just one example – in UNICEF’s 1996 report to the UN General Assembly and reiterated in another UNICEF document in 2009: The 1996 Machel study noted with deep concern how war tactics had changed, with civilians, including children, increasingly

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs