a New Proof State of the Battle of the Romans and the Sabines
The John Rylands Library’s recently rediscovered Spencer Album 8050 contains a proof state of the Battle of the Romans and the Sabines, an engraving pivotal in the short-lived but ambitious collaboration between Jacopo Caraglio (1500–65) and Rosso Fiorentino (1495–1540) in Rome. This proof impression was first printed in black ink, and then densely covered with hand-drawn ink. A comparison between the new proof state and previously identified states of the engraving using a novel technical approach involving long-wave infrared light to isolate the printed lines optically indicates that the Spencer proof state precedes any other known state of the engraving. The use of penwork and printing on this early proof and subsequent proof states demonstrates how Caraglio and Rosso saw drawing and printing as intimately connected, iterative steps in the print’s production.
cinematographic language has
tended to pass almost unnoticed, except in passing references to its
simplicity. And yet it seems obvious that his technical achievement is the
bedrock on which his ideas and vision depend for their impact. And it is on
a technicalanalysis of his last film that I wish now to concentrate in order to prove
Buñuel’s technique in Cet obscur objet du
The making and unmaking of an early medieval relic
Julia M. H. Smith
evidence for one particular
relic, the ‘sandals of Christ’. Full technicalanalysis of the construction, decoration and probable dating of the leatherwork will, in due course, elucidate many
aspects of the shoes’ manufacture, and will tell a story of elite craftsmen and
-women working with costly materials to produce exceptional footwear. Here,
however, I draw on textual evidence to examine their cultural construction
as a relic and to suggest reasons why making a pair of shoes into a relic made
sense in the 750s, but had ceased to do so by the end of the twelfth
This book argues that punk and post-punk, whatever their respective internal stylistic heterogeneity, enjoyed 'sociological reality' in Samuel Gilmore's and Howard Becker's sense. It elaborates the concept of 'music worlds', contrasting it with alternatives from the sociological literature. In particular it contrasts it with the concepts 'subculture', 'scene' and 'field'. The book then outlines a number of concepts which allow us to explore the localised process in which punk took shape in a sociologically rigorous manner. In particular it discusses the concepts of 'critical mass' and 'social networks'. The book also applies these concepts to the London punk world of 1976. It considers how talk about punk migrated from face-to-face networks to mass media networks and the effects of that shift. Continuing the discussion of punk's diffusion and growth, the book considers how punk worlds took shape in Liverpool, Manchester and Sheffield. In addition, however, the book offers a more technical analysis of the network structures of the post-punk worlds of the three cities. Furthermore, extending this analysis, and combining qualitative and quantitative forms of analysis, the book considers how activities in different local post-punk worlds were themselves linked in a network, constituting a national post-punk world.
Richard Kerr, Thomas Wolfe, Rebecca Donegan, and Aris Pappas
the mark. That analysis relied heavily on old information acquired
largely before late 1998 and was strongly influenced by untested,
long-held assumptions. Moreover, the analytic judgments rested almost
solely on technicalanalysis, which has a natural tendency to put bits
and pieces together as evidence of coherent programs and to equate
programs to capabilities. As a result the analysis, although
FTAA and WTO ( Gazeta Mercantil , 2003a ).
On a working level, Brazil’s diplomats praised ICONE, with Itamaraty Economics Department head ambassador Valdemar Carneiro Leão telling Gazeta Mercantil ( 2003b ), ‘Icone is a very serious organization and our impression is the best possible.’ Despite this praise, the factor to keep in mind is that ICONE, as well as trade economists at peak body groups such as FIESP and CNI, were providing technicalanalysis of proposals and the econometric modelling to support Brazilian positions, not directly mandating negotiating
process. In her analysis of necessity in just
war reasoning, Neta Crawford highlights precisely this point:
The technicalanalysis is used to help decision makers
stay within the law, but it may also serve to excuse decisions that we might
otherwise believe were wrong and to defuse the moral responsibility for
actions. The moral tension between military necessity, and discrimination
Geels, F. W. (2005). Technological Transitions and System Innovations: A
Co-evolutionary and Socio-TechnicalAnalysis. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.
Geels, F. W. (2010). Ontologies, socio-technical transitions (to sustainability),
and the multi-level perspective. Research Policy, 39(4), 495–510.
Geels, F. W. (2011). The multi-level perspective on sustainability transitions:
Responses to seven criticisms. Environmental Innovation and Societal
Transitions, 1(1), 24–40.
Geels, F. W., and Raven, R. P. J. M. (2006). Non-linearity and expectations in
However, there are two technical and symbolic codes that will
highlight why this particular trilogy adapted Jason Statham’s
identity. The technicalanalysis will evaluate how the use of the
cars and filming locations significantly supported Statham’s new
transnational identity. The symbolic exploration will assess how the
actor’s facial expressions, as well as how the use of the other
social complexity found in the Late Neolithic Balkans. Recent archaeometallurgical analysis not only supports Renfrew’s independent invention model, but also enriches it by delineating the distinguishing features of the process of smelting in southeast Europe. In a series of articles based on her doctoral research, Miljana Radivojević presents a distinct, and distinctly local, “recipe” for successful copper smelting drawn from evidence dated to fifth-millennium BCE sites of the Vinča culture and based on a technicalanalysis of the choice and treatment of various