Search results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 407 items for :

  • "technological change" x
  • Refine by access: All content x
Clear All
Abstract only
Film and Digital Media
Vinicius Navarro

This article looks at contemporary film scholarship in order to address one of the disciplines pressing questions: the place of cinema in a context of rapid technological change. Rather than simply focus on technology, however, the article calls for a broad set of criteria to define what counts as cinema today. In particular, it revisits the concept of expanded cinema and treats filmmaking as an event that combines the contexts of production and reception. Finally, the article insists on the relevance of film studies as a field that will continue to lead the debate on moving image media.

Film Studies
Abstract only
With an introduction by Benjamin J. Cohen
Author: Susan Strange

This book begins with a recapitulation of the main themes of Strange's earlier Casino Capitalism, stressing the major policy decisions and non-decisions that, in her opinion, had first allowed financial markets seemingly to outgrow governmental control. It adds a number of newer systemic developments that had emerged in the years after Casino Capitalism was published. Following this opening tour d'horizon, the book evaluates many of these developments in greater detail, covering the revolution in information technology interstate politics, contagion risks, global debt, money laundering and the roles of both national governments and multilateral agencies such as the International Monetary Fund and Bank for International Settlements. Great emphasis is placed on the relationship between the United States and Japan, the 'US-Japan axis', which is considered crucial to the effective management of financial crises. All the strings of Strange's discussion are pulled together where she turns her eyes to the future. Most financial research at the time seemed biased toward midlevel theory building, focusing primarily on key relationships within a broader structure whose characteristics were assumed, normally, to be given and stable. The book discusses hypotheses about the most important changes that have affected the global financial system and the international political economy. Key decisions, or non-decisions in the case of failures to act when positive action would have been possible, are also discussed.

Jenny Pickerill

, environmental activism is required. In particular this approach needs to be applicable specifically to the British environmentalist scene. Social movement perspectives provide a framework which usefully informs and shapes such analysis, and the justification for such a choice is explored later in the chapter. 16 Cyberprotest Furthermore, the implications of technological change are not predetermined. Technology is of our own making and the use to which we put it a result of social (and, to some extent, political) processes. Based on this understanding of technology, the

in Cyberprotest
Jonathan Blaney, Sarah Milligan, Marty Steer, and Jane Winters

War, slavery would have continued in the South, because it was profitable. The novelty of the paper, however, lay in their methodology rather than their conclusion. The authors tested their ‘hypothesis’ by examining data including prices for slaves and cotton, output per slave, life expectancy and reproduction rates among slaves (the language of the article is studiedly neutral on the horrors that lay behind the figures). Interestingly, given that a theme of our chapter is the way that wider technological change influenced historical practice, a criticism Conrad and

in Doing digital history
Alternatives to surgical gloves for infection control, 1880–1945
Thomas Schlich

In this chapter, I discuss the history of various technologies for infection control in surgical operations. My account starts with the uptake of surgical gloves by practitioners in the late nineteenth century, which was a protracted process, and explains the relative disinterest of many surgeons in this particular technology by situating it in the context of other contemporary strategies of infection control. Exploring such alternative innovations shows that technological change in surgery and infection control does not happen in a vacuum. There are always

in Germs and governance
Abstract only
The widening gyre
Catherine J. Frieman

death on a previously unimaginable scale. The falcon – new technologies and sciences, in this instance – certainly seemed to have flown out of earshot of its falconer. It was during these same interwar years that economist Joseph Schumpeter began forming the theories of entrepreneurship, capitalism, and the business cycle that have become core texts in our innovation discourse. Erwin Dekker ( 2018 ) positions Schumpeter as a member of the avant garde : a Futurist fascinated by the dynamism and possibilities of radical technological change but rendered pessimistic

in An archaeology of innovation
James Johnson

How can we best conceptualize AI and military technological change in the context of nuclear weapons? Despite being theoretically and politically contested to this day, the notion of ‘strategic stability’ has proven a useful intellectual tool for analyzing the potential for new, powerful, and technically advanced weapons to undermine stability between nuclear-armed adversaries. 1 The concept entered into the nuclear lexicon during the early 1950s and is inextricably connected to the strategic thinking and

in Artificial intelligence and the future of warfare
Thomas M. Hanna

disruptive potential of technological change and automation in the coming decades. According to the McKinsey Global Institute research firm, around half of all the job-related activities people perform around the world are vulnerable to elimination by automation if existing technology is 60  Our common wealth adopted, amounting to some $15 trillion in wages.60 From driverless cars and trucks to financial services, the potential for automation is expanding to all new industries and sectors – including so-called knowledge work. Related to this question is the issue of the

in Our common wealth
From letterpress to offset-lithography
Jesse Adams Stein

4 The continuity of craft masculinities: from letterpress to offset-lithography I could still get on there and operate that, you know.1 – Norm Rigney, former letterpress-machinist Letterpress printing has traditional associations with craftsmanship and masculinity, where a press-machinist’s technologies, tools and manual skill were powerful indicators of identity and social status. But what happened to letterpress-machinists between the 1960s and the 1980s, when the printing industry underwent dramatic technological change? Letterpress had been the dominant

in Hot metal
Abstract only
Kynan Gentry

and a growing interest in the outdoors which were a part of the social, cultural, and technological changes of the early twentieth century. While New Zealand lacked Europe’s stately ruins, by the early 1900s the overgrown palisades of derelict pa had developed some appeal, especially when located in picturesque scenes such as beside rivers or atop cliffs. Areas such as Tauranga and Taranaki, rich in

in History, heritage, and colonialism