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Rethinking Digital Divides by Linda Leung
Antonio Díaz Andrade

Linda Leung (2018) Technologies of Refuge and Displacement: Rethinking Digital Divides (Lanham, MA: Lexington Books), hardcover, 141 pages; ISBN: 978-1-14985-0002-9 In her book Technologies of Refuge and Displacement: Rethinking Digital Divides , Linda Leung – a researcher at University of Technology Sydney, Australia – provides a systematic empirical analysis of data collected between 2007 and 2011, which involved more than 100 interviews

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Abstract only
A problematic development
Fanny Lopez

the energy crisis increased the public administration’s lack of interest and the energy lobbies’ marginalization of disconnection advocates. As the causes of this problematic development were often associated with its image of “critical technology,” the relevance of this description would be discussed in view of its founding concepts: the self-guarantee of vital necessities and the reconstitution of an economy of everyday life. Overcoming negative symbolism Energy autonomy provided a glimpse of surprising spatial and social potential. Rather than a technical

in Dreams of disconnection
Open Access (free)
An actor-network theory perspective

In today’s world, we are offered a constantly expanding number of technologies to integrate into our lives. We now utilise a range of interconnected technologies at work, at home and at leisure. The realm of sport is no exception, where new technologies or enhancements are available to athletes, coaches, scientists, umpires, governing bodies and broadcasters. However, this book argues that in a world where time has become a precious commodity and numerous options are always on offer, functionality is no longer enough to drive their usage within elite sports training, competition and broadcasting. Consistent with an actor-network theory approach as developed by Bruno Latour, John Law, Michele Callon and Annemarie Mol, the book shows how those involved in sport must grapple with a unique set of understandings and connections in order to determine the best combination of technologies and other factors to serve their particular purpose. This book uses a case study approach to demonstrate how there are multiple explanations and factors at play in the use of technology that cannot be reduced to singular explanations like performance enhancement or commercialisation. Specific cases examined include doping, swimsuits, GPS units, Hawk-Eye and kayaks, along with broader areas such as the use of sports scientists in training and the integration of new enhancements in broadcasting. In all cases, the book demonstrates how multiple actors can affect the use or non-use of technology.

Open Access (free)
Roslyn Kerr

Some of the most famous ANT cases have investigated the role of a range of technologies, including aeroplanes, ships, microscopes and a personal rapid-transport system. Technologies are frequently forefronted in ANT work in a reflection of the equal emphasis ANT places on humans and non-humans, with technologies often taking the form of significant non-human actants. In this book I am similarly interested in the non-human actants in sport and take these as my starting-point when investigating technologies

in Sport and technology
Graeme Kirkpatrick

Feenberg’s critical theory of technology is to a large extent constructed through a synthesis of concepts from several predecessor theories, each of them important to his work in different ways, and each a source of concepts that he modifies in order to incorporate them into his own syncretic framework. This chapter describes the overarching rationale of Feenberg’s intellectual project, with reference to some of these sources. It suggests that the result is a new system in which concepts take on altered significance and are made to do quite different work than

in Technical politics
Open Access (free)
Fifth Estate’s critique of the megamachine
Steve Millett

4 Steve Millett Technology is capital: Fifth Estate’s critique of the megamachine Introduction ‘How do we begin to discuss something as immense as technology?’, writes T. Fulano at the beginning of his essay ‘Against the megamachine’ (1981a: 4). Indeed, the degree to which the technological apparatus penetrates all elements of contemporary society does make such an undertaking a daunting one. Nevertheless, it is an undertaking that the US journal and collective Fifth Estate has attempted. In so doing, it has developed arguably the most sophisticated and

in Changing anarchism
Vincent Quinn

In 1985 the book historian Armando Petrucci expressed pessimism about reading’s place in a world dominated by new technologies: Western reading practices were being eroded, he argued, by habits contracted from other media. In a move that would have seemed less quaint when it was originally formulated, he complained that ‘the use of remote-control devices has given television spectators the power to change channels instantly, jumping from a film to a debate, from a game show to a news programme, from a commercial announcement to a soap opera’. For Petrucci

in Reading
The final generation of hot-metal compositors
Jesse Adams Stein

5 ‘Going with the technology’: the final generation of hot-metal compositors Introduction All of them today are employed in light, modern offices, where the loudest noise is the background hum of air conditioning. They see no ink, handle no lead, lift no heavy weights. Their materials are paper and film. And into their labour process, the terrain of control contested by management and the trade union, has entered a new organising principle: the computer.1 – Cynthia Cockburn When sociologist Cynthia Cockburn published the polemical text Brothers in 1983, London

in Hot metal
Genre and temporality in Fox’s Journal
Hilary Hinds

4 A technology of presence: genre and temporality in Fox’s Journal What kind of a text is Fox’s Journal, in the most literal sense? Is it a journal, as Fox and his editors termed it? Or does its retrospective composition mean that it is better understood, as more recent critics have suggested, either as a spiritual autobiography or else as a history of the first years of the Quaker movement? This chapter re-examines the debates about the proper generic designation of the text, not in order to adjudicate between them but rather to propose that what these diverse

in George Fox and early Quaker culture
Andy Birtwistle

Ground noise and optical crackle: the sound of film There are a number of important cinesonic elements that escape the traditional tripartite division of the film soundtrack into speech, music and effects: one is noise, another silence and the third the sound of the technology of film itself. This last

in Cinesonica