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A critical reader in history and theory, second edition
Authors: Anna Green and Kathleen Troup

Every piece of historical writing has a theoretical basis on which evidence is selected, filtered, and understood. This book explores the theoretical perspectives and debates that are generally acknowledged to have been the most influential within the university-led practice of history over the past century and a half. It advises readers to bear in mind the following four interlinked themes: context, temporal framework, causation or drivers of change, and subjectivities. The book outlines the principles of empiricism, the founding epistemology of the professional discipline, and explores the ways in which historians have challenged and modified this theory of knowledge over the past century and a half. It then focuses upon three important dimensions of historical materialism in the work of Marxist historians: the dialectical model at the basis of Marx's grand narrative of human history; the adaptations of Marxist theory in Latin America; and the enduring question of class consciousness. The use of psychoanalysis in history, the works of Annales historians and historical sociology is discussed next. The book also examines the influence of two specific approaches that were to be fertile ground for historians: everyday life and symbolic anthropology, and ethnohistory. The roles of narrative, gender history, radical feminism, poststructuralism and postcolonial history are also discussed. Finally, the book outlines the understandings about the nature of memory and remembering, and looks at key developments in the analysis and interpretation of oral histories and oral traditions.

Abstract only
Anna Green and Kathleen Troup

difficult to identify the theory or concepts upon which it rests. When reading the following chapters, therefore, we suggest that you bear in mind the following four interlinked themes: context, temporal framework, causation or drivers of change, and subjectivities. These themes will help you elicit and understand the theories underlying a work of history. The approach of historians to these themes will also reflect their fundamental epistemological stance. By epistemology we mean the theory of knowledge, or justification for what constitutes historical knowledge

in The houses of history
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Lynette Russell

three parts chapters deal with various types of frontiers and boundaries and consider these in spatial, historic and temporal frameworks. Many overlaps and connections will be detected and the book’s structure is intended to reflect the fluid nature of the subject matter. Part I of the book, entitled ‘Representations of frontiers in settler societies’, begins with an important chapter

in Colonial frontiers
Liene Ozoliņa

Chapter 1 begins the tracing of the politics of waiting in post-Soviet austerity state by situating it historically. It reveals how a particular perception of time played a role as an organising logic in the two waves of austerity in post-1991 Latvia, transforming welfare policies and the state-citizen relationship, and argues that the particularly harsh form of austerity politics as a way of tackling the 2008 economic crisis was possible because it was relying upon a familiar temporal framework of living in a delayed time. The chapter traces the temporal narratives of acceleration and patient waiting for communism in the Soviet Latvia and the similar temporality of ‘catching up with Europe’ in the post-Soviet state. The analysis in this chapter thus establishes waiting as one of the main discursive and temporal frames that necessitated, legitimated and shaped the neoliberal welfare state reconfigurations in post-Soviet Latvia.

in Politics of waiting
Cathrine Degnen

in the dialectic between subjectivity, narrative activity and age stereotypes. The narrative characteristics that I examine here are the use of ‘irrelevant’ information in conversation; repertoires of personal information (or narrative grooves); and shifting temporal frameworks at work in narrative accounts. Research in sociolinguistics and ageing has revealed linguistically embedded ways in which old age as a category is reproduced and inscribed on individuals and cohorts. Coupland and Coupland (1991), key writers in this area of study, highlight the ways in which

in Ageing selves and everyday life in the North of England
Vulnerability, extremism and
Thomas Martin

The previous chapter demonstrated that the key innovation of Prevent is in its temporal ambition to intervene into processes of becoming, and that it therefore seeks to make knowable and actionable the movement of an individual towards violence. Radicalisation establishes a temporal framework that allows for an understanding of the processes an individual might go through on the path towards violence. Yet, a mere outline of this temporal framework does not itself identify who is a threat and who is not. Central

in Counter-radicalisation policy and the securing of British identity
Open Access (free)
Kinneret Lahad

on one’s own. Yet this adventure, as we will see, can only temporarily be ascribed with a beginning and an end. Thus, I find the construct of the timeout as particularly enriching for our analysis, especially as it entails possibilities for resistance. In a broad sense, therefore, a timeout can be perceived as a time within which individuals can relax and play, as they are temporarily released from socially dictated temporal frameworks. While on holiday, for example, one is given the chance to break away from clock discipline and mundane behavioral patterns.1 In a

in A table for one
Abstract only
Anna Green and Kathleen Troup

We began this exploration of historical theories by suggesting the importance of four focus points: contextualisation; temporal frameworks; causation and drivers of change; and subjectivities. While many historians do not explain the conceptual basis underlying their narratives, asking about these four dimensions reveals the implicit or assumed, and enables us to achieve far greater clarity about the role of theory in historical writing. From the mid-twentieth century, we saw the expansion of social history, with its attention to the historical experience

in The houses of history
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Shifting the economic development agenda
Jon Stobart

to explore some of the themes and approaches which could make such a task possible and meaningful. This involves five closely related objectives. The first is to explore the importance of early eighteenth-century processes of regional formation and spatial integration and set these alongside later developments in regionalisation established by Hudson and others. To achieve this, attention is centred on north-west England in the period immediately preceding the classic industrial revolution. Whilst it is possible to argue for both longer and shorter temporal

in The first industrial region
Spaces and tensions
John Corner

of its demographic construction (By whom? For whom? With who implicitly excluded?) has undergone a loosening. This has occurred first of all in relation to the position of news within the ‘mediated day’ as this is variously constructed PUBLIC KNOWLEDGE AND POPULAR CULTURE 159 across options and temporal frameworks by readers and viewers, working from their choices of print, broadcast and online sources. It has, secondly, occurred in relation to the generic features of news, where issues around content and form have become subject to increased levels of producer

in Theorising Media