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Challenges and opportunities

This book explores the evolving African security paradigm in light of the multitude of diverse threats facing the continent and the international community today and in the decades ahead. It challenges current thinking and traditional security constructs as woefully inadequate to meet the real security concerns and needs of African governments in a globalized world. The continent has becoming increasingly integrated into an international security architecture, whereby Africans are just as vulnerable to threats emanating from outside the continent as they are from home-grown ones. Thus, Africa and what happens there, matters more than ever. Through an in-depth examination and analysis of the continent’s most pressing traditional and non-traditional security challenges—from failing states and identity and resource conflict to terrorism, health, and the environment—it provides a solid intellectual foundation, as well as practical examples of the complexities of the modern African security environment. Not only does it assess current progress at the local, regional, and international level in meeting these challenges, it also explores new strategies and tools for more effectively engaging Africans and the global community through the human security approach.

The post-9/ 11 global security regime and the securitization of civil society
Richard McNeil- Willson and Scott N. Romaniuk

rendered problematic in their usage in a counter-terror context. As such, more radical approaches to theorizing the relationship between terrorism and counter-terrorism need to be considered. First, this chapter will offer a broad overview of the foundation of cross-national counter-terror security structures – the overt security responses of 2001–2006, which

in Counter-terrorism and civil society
Abstract only
Women and the narrative of extremist violence in Pakistan
Afiya Shehrbano Zia

and conservative Pakistani commentators have also produced defensive and sanitised analyses of Islamists’ politics. It is disconcerting too, that despite the efforts of the United Nations to institutionalise the Women, Peace and Security (WPS) agenda beyond conflict contexts and to include terrorism and counter-terrorism ( Ní Aoláin, 2016 , p. 277), the terms of such expansion remain male-dominated and the emphasis stresses the use of force and argues for an expansion of security regimes, which only increases insecurity for women. Many member countries developed

in Encountering extremism
Olivier Lewis

-terrorism are many: scholars study terrorism and counter-terrorism and provide policy advice (Cortright & Lopez, 2007 ; Rosand et al., 2008 ); schools encourage resentment to be expressed in non-violent ways (Aly et al., 2015 ); former terrorists, clergy, and psychologists partake in encouraging terrorists to disengage and

in Counter-terrorism and civil society
Sandra Fredman

condemns. Indeed, a central mission of the paper seems to be to unmask those posing as champions of the ‘good’ or ‘counter-terrorism’ and show them up as perpetrators of true ‘terrorism’; while those currently labelled as ‘evil’ or ‘terrorist’ should be recognized as ‘good’ and victims of overwhelming power. This can be seen from his depiction of the origin of the language of terrorism and counter-terrorism. On his account, one country, Israel, aided and abetted by the U.S., has masterminded the rhetoric of terrorism. Thus, according to Gearty, after 1968, a ‘brilliantly

in ‘War on terror’
A genealogical study of terrorism and counter-terrorism discourses
Chin-Kuei Tsui

, the war on terror discourse – the particular way of talking about and understanding terrorism and counter-terrorism – was successfully framed, constructed, circulated and institutionalised in the wider American society ( Croft, 2006 ; Jackson, 2012 ). Terrorism was consequently comprehended as a severe threat to the US, its citizens and the American way of life. During these years, the political rhetoric of ‘terrorism’ and ‘terrorists’ mainly referenced Islamic extremism characterised by bin Laden, al Qaida and their affiliates. Despite the notion of Islamic

in Encountering extremism
discourse, argumentation and ritual
Lee Jarvis and Tim Legrand

remarkable, and frequently discussed, feature of academic debate in the post-9/11 period, in particular, has been the dramatic increase of scholarship on terrorism and counter-terrorism. Young and Findlay ( 2011 , 1), for example, begin their review article by noting that ‘the amount of research on terrorism being published in political science journals has doubled several times over what it was pre-9/11’. A long-standing expert in this field, Martha Crenshaw ( 2014 , 556–557), similarly suggests, ‘it is extraordinary to see that what was once a marginal subject for

in Banning them, securing us?
Abstract only
Language and politics
Richard Jackson

language about terrorism and counter-terrorism. Quotation marks around the designation ‘war on terrorism’ have been employed throughout the book to indicate its special and artificial quality; I did not want to contribute to its normalisation by leaving it undistinguished in the text. In the Appendix I have reproduced a number of key speeches and interviews so that readers can examine for themselves a few of

in Writing the war on terrorism
A critical examination of theoretical issues and local challenges
Alice Martini, Kieran Ford, and Richard Jackson

this section also contribute to the theoretical discussion by highlighting their relevance in specific cases. The volume starts with a genealogical study of the concept of extremism in International Relations. In ‘Interrogating the concept of (violent) extremism: a genealogical study of terrorism and counter-terrorism discourses’, Chin-Kuei Tsui traces the genealogical evolution of the concept of (violent) extremism from its original inception in the US and other Western states to recreate legitimacy for their actions. Moreover, the author reflects on the

in Encountering extremism
Narrative identity and Homeland
Louise Pears

terrorism television drama, with Alias, Spooks and 24. Homeland follows on from these television shows to tell a story of terrorism and counter-terrorism set ten years after 9/11. Produced by Alex Gansa and Howard Gordon, based on the Israeli show Hatufim, Homeland is the latest instalment of terrorism television. Homeland demonstrates how terrorism stories are a 124 Identity rupture crucial site in which identity and security interact. As a deliberate intervention into terrorism debates in the USA, Homeland is a show which seems to purposefully interrogate the

in The politics of identity