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The possibility of a pan-European approach

Can Russia, the European Union and the three major EU member states adopt a unified policy line in the global arena? This book investigates the cohesiveness of ‘greater Europe’ through the detailed scrutiny of policy statements by the leadership elites in the UK, France, Germany, Russia and the EU in connection with three defining events in international security. The crisis in Kosovo of 1999; the terrorist attacks of 9/11 and the Iraq crisis of 2003. This extensive empirical enquiry results in a critical constructivist response to neorealist understandings of European security. The book contrasts the EU's new way of ‘doing security’ with the established, competitive bilateral interplay in the European security sphere and provides a clue to the kind of security politics that will prevail in Europe. A joint Moscow Brussels approach would improve the chances of both increasing their relative strength vis-a-vis the USA, but serious cleavages threaten to undermine such a ‘greater European’ common view on security. The book considers the extent to which the major European players pursue similar objectives, and assesses the possible implications for and the chances of greater Europe emerging as a cohesive global actor.

Open Access (free)
The challenge of Eurasian security governance

Eurasian security governance has received increasing attention since 1989. The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation, the institution that best served the security interests of the West in its competition with the Soviet Union, is now relatively ill-equipped resolve the threats emanating from Eurasia to the Atlantic system of security governance. This book investigates the important role played by identity politics in the shaping of the Eurasian security environment. It investigates both the state in post-Soviet Eurasia as the primary site of institutionalisation and the state's concerted international action in the sphere of security. This investigation requires a major caveat: state-centric approaches to security impose analytical costs by obscuring substate and transnational actors and processes. The terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon marked the maturation of what had been described as the 'new terrorism'. Jervis has argued that the western system of security governance produced a security community that was contingent upon five necessary and sufficient conditions. The United States has made an effort to integrate China, Russia into the Atlantic security system via the Partnership for Peace (PfP) programme and the Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council. The Black Sea Economic Cooperation has become engaged in disseminating security concerns in fields such as environment, energy and economy. If the end of the Cold War left America triumphant, Russia's new geopolitical hand seemed a terrible demotion. Successfully rebalancing the West and building a collaborative system with Russia, China, Europe and America probably requires more wisdom and skill from the world's leaders.

Open Access (free)
Planned Obsolescence of Medical Humanitarian Missions: An Interview with Tony Redmond, Professor and Practitioner of International Emergency Medicine and Co-founder of HCRI and UK-Med

working in a more difficult environment. If you look at management of major incidents and even terrorist attacks and so on, those people who had experience working in difficult emergencies overseas responded better; they understand how to deal with those crises. The NHS, and if you look at UK-Med specifically, has a cadre of people who are all trained in major-incident management, who are all trained in field exercises where they have to work as a team in difficult

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
The weapon of the weakest?
Susanne Martin and Leonard Weinberg

necessarily mean an end to terrorism? The answer is pretty clearly “no.” In the case of Northern Ireland, dissident elements within the IRA regarded the compromise agreement involving the region’s continued status as part of the United Kingdom as a betrayal of the cause seeking a united Ireland. Accordingly, the Real IRA and like-minded bands launched a series of terrorist attacks intended to “sabotage the peace.”2 Likewise, the 1979 Iranian Revolution produced a decisive outcome. Iran’s monarchy was toppled. The Shah, his family, and key supporters fled into exile

in The role of terrorism in twenty-first-century warfare
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Paul Dobraszczyk

chimed strongly with the 73  (Opposite) Bee mural by Qubek in Stevenson Square in the Northern Quarter, painted shortly after the Manchester Arena terrorist attack on 22 May 2017 285 Manchester: Something rich and strange defiant mood of the city. When a vigil was held for the victims on 23 May in Albert Square, the same design was seen surrounded by flowers at a memorial near the cenotaph. Bees also began appearing on the bodies of Manchester’s residents. After Stalybridge tattoo artist Sam Barber launched the Manchester Tattoo Appeal on 25 May, hundreds of people

in Manchester
Rachel Sykes

Zero’ had been cleared and the site rebuilt.3 The ‘wailing’ of One World Trade Center provides us with a literal example of the sonic afterlife of ‘9/11’. The sound was the result of the tower’s design; first noticed by residents during Hurricane Sandy in October 2012, it had ceased entirely by the time the building was completed in January 2014. Beyond its literal noise, however, this chapter conceives of the coordinated terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon on the morning of 11 September 2001 as culturally dissonant in both a real and

in The quiet contemporary American novel
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A new perspective unfolds
Charlotte Wagnsson

terrorist attacks as an extraordinary event and as a new experience, while Russia described it as nothing more than a recurrence of an all too familiar problem. The Russian President, Vladimir Putin, whose country had repeatedly been the target of terrorist acts, argued that the United States had failed to predict the attacks because of its unwillingness to recognise that the world had changed since the Cold

in Security in a greater Europe
Tracey C. German

conducted there, such as the establishment of a financial base, drafting an effective budget and creating effective authorities. 30 The impact of September 11 The terrorist attacks against the US on September 11 had a significant impact on Russia’s relations with both the EU and the wider international community. The Kremlin has constantly justified its second military

in The security dimensions of EU enlargement
Phil Williams

2504Chap4 7/4/03 12:39 pm Page 69 4 Eurasia and the transnational terrorist threats to Atlantic security Phil Williams The terrorist attacks of September 11 on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon were not only the most audacious and successful terrorist attacks the world has yet seen, but also marked the maturation of what had been described as the ‘new terrorism’. It was a maturation in several senses. In the first place it revealed that trends identified by astute specialists such as Walter Laqueur, Bruce Hoffman and Ian Lesser were, in fact, well

in Limiting institutions?
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Steven Kettell

/11 terrorist attacks, the overarching objective of this campaign was to advance a wide-ranging project of geo-strategic reordering designed to extend and enhance US global dominance. For the New Labour leadership, support for this endeavour was considered to be vital not only for securing Britain’s national interests, but as a means of helping to forge and fashion a new world order for the twenty-first century. Not surprisingly, the circumstances surrounding the war on terror have attracted an enormous amount of commentary and analysis. Typologically, this divides into

in New Labour and the new world order