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Edward Ashbee

Constitutions invariably require interpretation. The broad principles upon which constitutions rest have to be applied to individual and generally complex disputes, grievances, and circumstances. Furthermore, constitutional principles often have an ambiguous character. The preamble to the US Constitution specifies that one of its purposes was to ‘promote the general Welfare’. How narrowly or broadly should the term be understood? There are many other examples. What does the ‘equal protection of the

in US politics today (fourth edition)
Abstract only
Edward Ashbee

Relatively few Americans have an accurate knowledge of the US Constitution and its provisions. A study conducted in August 2017 by the Annenberg Public Policy Center of the University of Pennsylvania revealed that only about a quarter (26 per cent) of respondents could identify all three branches of the federal government. More than a third (37 per cent) could not point to a single specific right guaranteed under the First Amendment to the Constitution. Meanwhile, 15 per cent asserted to pollsters that

in US politics today (fourth edition)
Open Access (free)
Lessons for the Conservatives?
Edward Ashbee

2 Edward Ashbee The US Republicans The US Republicans: lessons for the Conservatives? Edward Ashbee Both Labour’s victory in the 1997 general election and the US Republicans’ loss of the White House in 1992 led to crises of confidence among conservatives. Although there were those in both countries who attributed these defeats to presentational errors or the campaigning skills of their Labour and Democrat opponents, others saw a need for far-reaching policy shifts and a restructuring of conservative politics. This chapter considers the character of US

in The Conservatives in Crisis
Susan Strange

Chapter 3 Political underpinnings: the US–Japan axis The political foundations for international financial cooperation are weaker today than they were in the 1970s and 1980s. If we have worries about the stability of the international financial system, it is important to understand in what way these foundations are weaker and how this has come about. For, while the pace of technological innovation in finance (as in manufacturing) has accelerated, and while the size and salience of finance in the world economy have greatly increased, the political capability to

in Mad Money
Alexis Heraclides and Ada Dialla

On intervention Among the handful of humanitarian interventions of the nineteenth century the intervention in Cuba is the most controversial, in view of the US reluctance to leave Cuba and the huge advantages it accrued, including the acquisition of even the faraway Philippines. Any discussion of the US stance on intervention before 1914 has to take into consideration the Monroe Doctrine of 1823. 1 The Doctrine contained three principles: (1

in Humanitarian intervention in the long nineteenth century
Constance Duncombe

In this chapter I continue my case study of the representations that frame Iran–US foreign policy discourse. My key objective is to examine Iranian representations of itself, the US and Iran's nuclear program. While the previous chapter outlined US representations of itself (good, rational, leader of the international community) and Iran (dangerous, irrational, aggressive, undeveloped), illustrating how this produces a particular discursive framework through which it understands Iran and its nuclear program, I now do the opposite. In the

in Representation, recognition and respect in world politics
Ross M. English

9 Assessing the US Congress I have wondered at times what the Ten Commandments would have looked like if Moses had run them through the US Congress. (President Ronald W. Reagan) At first glance, while the nation of the United States of America has changed greatly since the Constitution was written in 1787, the political system has remained remarkably stable. The United States is still a federal system, with its government based on the separation of the executive, legislative and judicial powers. Congress, the legislative branch of the government, remains a

in The United States Congress
Abstract only
Edward Ashbee

The US Congress is, according to the Constitution, the first branch of government. It has a bicameral structure and its powers include the passage of legislation, declarations of war, the ratification of treaties, the formulation of the annual budget, consent to major political appointments, and the oversight of executive departments and agencies. Members must, at the same time, respond to the concerns of countless individuals and organisations. Although the president can, at times, play a pivotal role

in US politics today (fourth edition)
The Memorandum of Understanding (1964–65)
Joseph Heller

would threaten US security. 2 Komer, the NSC senior staff member in charge of the Middle East, rejected Israel’s requests for modern weapons, claiming it had no real reason to fear Egypt because even with Soviet tanks Nasser had no realistic military option and his army was still inferior to Israel’s. 3 John Badeau, the US ambassador to Cairo, worked energetically to sabotage

in The United States, the Soviet Union and the Arab– Israeli conflict, 1948– 67
Interests, altruism and cooperation
Gorm Rye Olsen

3 The EU’s Africa policy between the US and China: interests, altruism and cooperation Gorm Rye Olsen Africa’s international position has changed significantly since the beginning of the twenty-­first century. This has very much to do with the rise of China as a global power but it also has to do with the strongly increased American interest in Africa. For some, these changes have challenged the prominent position that Europe has had on the continent for decades. The official rhetoric of the Chinese government is that the Chinese–African relationship is not a

in The European Union in Africa