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Cary Howie

her speaker’s various knowledges move, is precisely that to which things—including the artifacts of my knowledge, the papers and observations and measurements and talks—are related, irrespective of what I can make of them, even as it solicits my making, even as it coaxes these words out of me. Bradfield also cannily writes the body—mouth and muscle—at the center of this scene. What I want to suggest about lyric theology—or, less pretentiously, about what poems do with the divine, with the divine body or bodies—is that it is difficult, perhaps impossible, to raise

in Transfiguring medievalism
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For the love of God
Sal Renshaw

9780719069604_4_002.qxd 09/01/2009 09:56 AM Page 56 CHAPTER 2 Feminist theology: for the love of God Speaking of divine women . . . 56 As is already well evident even here, in discourses of love the overwhelming presence of the opinions, experiences, and reflections of men is uncontestable. If history is indeed a record of ‘winners’, as feminists have by no means been alone in suggesting, this insight should come as no surprise. The historical record of love is primarily the written trace of a masculine vision of love, and Plato’s Diotima stands as an

in The subject of love

This book generates a critical framework through which to interrogate the way in which religious feminists have employed women's literature in their texts. This is in order that both the way we read literature and the literature we read might be subject to scrutiny, and that new reading practices be developed. Having both the critical and constructive agenda, this is a book in two parts. The first part locates the study of the use of women's writing by religious feminists in a much wider frame than has previously been attempted. In the past individual religious feminists have been criticised, often publicly and loudly, for the use they have made of particular literary texts. Having critically surveyed previously unacknowledged constraints under which religious feminists read women's literature, the second part of the book explores how the work of women poststructuralist thinkers and theorists can enrich the reading practices. It offers alternative models for an engagement between literature and theology. Julia Kristeva is best known within the academy for her unorthodox application of Lacanian theory to contemporary culture. Her work challenges religious feminists to reassess the utilitarian approaches to literary texts and enquire into whether these might have a more powerful political role when their status as literature is recognised and affirmed. The book elucidates Luce Irigaray's thinking on sexual difference and also demonstrates its significance for feminist religious readers.

The importance of the covenant in Scottish presbyterianism, 1560–c. 1700
R. Scott Spurlock

Church polity and politics in the British Atlantic Chapter 5 Polity, discipline and theology: the importance of the covenant in Scottish presbyterianism, 1560–c. 1700 R. Scott Spurlock W hilst some of the chapters in this volume focus on conceptions of church government and the use of the keys, the present chapter will discuss early modern Scottish presbyterian understandings of ecclesiology and who was understood to be the subject of the keys. A number of recent studies have demonstrated the fluidity of polity in seventeenth-century Britain, which is

in Church polity and politics in the British Atlantic world, c. 1635–66
Hayyim Rothman

philosophical and theological reasons. For instance, God-seekers of the Solovyov circle were deeply indebted to the philosophy of F. W. J. Schelling (Vasilyev 2019 ). Its neoplatonic elements fit long-standing trends in the orthodox theology (Lossky 1976 , 29; Louth 1989 , 20–21; Vasilyev 2019 ). Its engagement with parallel kabbalistic notions attracted Jews (Franks 2019 ), attracted Russian Christians to Jewish thought (Kornblatt 1991 ; Burmistrov 2007a, b ; Daigin 2008 ), and attracted in tandem Jewish thinkers to Russian Orthodox theology

in No masters but God
Transcendence, sacrifice, and aspiration

This innovative and timely reassessment of political theology opens new lines of critical investigation into the intersections of religion and politics in contemporary Asia. Political Theologies and Development in Asia pioneers the theo-political analysis of Asian politics and in so doing moves beyond a focus on the (Post-)Christian West that has to date dominated scholarly discussions on this theme. It also locates ‘development’ as a vital focus for critical investigations into Asian political theologies. The volume includes contributions by leading anthropologists, sociologists, and political scientists. Each chapter brings new theoretical approaches into conversation with detailed empirical case studies grounded in modern Asia. Not only does the volume illustrate the value and import of this approach to a diverse set of contemporary Asian societies and religions, but it also provides a forceful argument for why political theology itself requires this broader horizon to remain relevant and critical. The focus on ‘development’ – conceptualised broadly here as a set of modern transnational networks of ideas and practices of improvement that connect geographically disparate locations¬¬ – enables a fresh and critical analysis of the ways in which political theology is imagined, materialised, and contested both within and beyond particular nation-states. Investigating the sacred dimensions of power through concepts of transcendence, sacrifice, and victimhood, and aspiration and salvation, the chapters in this collection demonstrate how European and Asian modernities are bound together through genealogical, institutional, and theo-political entanglements, as well as a long history of global interactions.

Benjamin J. Elton

Chapter 5 The theology of Hermann Adler URING HIS TIME as Chief Rabbi, Hermann Adler significantly raised the status of his office among the non-Jewish public. He was the first Chief Rabbi to become a national figure, well known to the nonJewish as well as the Jewish community and the first to be honoured by the state and leading institutions.1 Yet since his death he has receded from both popular and scholarly attention. Those historians who make some mention of him generally take a poor view of the man and his achievements; for example, Geoffrey Alderman wrote of

in Britain’s Chief Rabbis and the religious character of Anglo-Jewry, 1880–1970
Simha Goldin

3 Theological confrontation with Christianity’s success Apostasy and Jewish identity Theological confrontation with Christianity T he success of the Christians in defeating the Muslims in the Holy Land, conquering it and establishing a Christian colony there, particularly in the Holy City of Jerusalem, was a harsh blow to the Jews from a theological viewpoint. The theological difficulty, which emerged during the course of the twelfth century, became a central issue, one which also affected the status of voluntary converts to Christianity. The Jewish sources

in Apostasy and Jewish identity in High Middle Ages Northern Europe
Benjamin J. Elton

Chapter 7 The theology of J.H. Hertz .H. HERTZ’S THEOLOGY placed him in the traditional group within the acknowledgement school, although he was influenced by its scientific, romantic and aesthetic branches. We can see this in Hertz’s attitude to the major issues of Jewish belief: the Pentateuch and the rest of the Hebrew Bible, the Oral Law, the development of halakhah, his philosophy of mitsvot, Jewish mysticism, the Messiah and the afterlife. We examine Hertz’s position on secular learning, non-Jews and nonJewish religious movements, and on Jews and Jewish

in Britain’s Chief Rabbis and the religious character of Anglo-Jewry, 1880–1970
Timothy Hampton

yourself’ cheerful in a way that you cannot, for example, ‘make yourself’ happy. At one level, this involves the disposition of the face and the body. However, I will suggest that cheerfulness is also deeply theological and social. I will show that it emerges as a central concept for thinking about community, body, and morality in the middle years of the sixteenth century, chiefly through the way it is deployed in translations and commentaries on the New Testament. Through its theological rooting, ‘cheerfulness’ begins to take on some of the psychological connotations

in Positive emotions in early modern literature and culture