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Liberalism, realism, and constructivism
James W. Peterson and Jacek Lubecki

constructivism In order to answer these highly relevant questions, a theoretical framework must be established for analyses of these countries, past and present. It comes as little surprise that liberalism, and its derivative liberal internationalism, is the group of international relations theories which most compellingly explain defense policy convergence in post-1989 East-Central Europe. Liberalism is a second

in Defense policies of East-Central European countries after 1989
Sandra Buchanan

also explored. Understanding key transformational characteristics will shape the formation of a theoretical framework comprising a working definition and five criteria against which the impacts of the three programmes will later be assessed. First an understanding of conflict would be useful. Conflict can be viewed simply as ‘the pursuit of incompatible goals by different groups

in Transforming conflict through social and economic development
Series: Politics Today
Author: Edward Ashbee

The book introduces the principles underpinning the US Constitution and, on the basis of this, surveys core federal institutions: Congress, the presidency, and the US Supreme Court and lower courts. The different chapters outline the defining features of each and introduce some of the core scholarly debates about their powers and performance. The book also considers processes of political participation through elections, parties, and organised interests. It looks, in particular, at the changing nature of voting behaviour, the reasons why electoral turnout levels are comparatively low, and the different reasons why Donald Trump secured the presidency in the 2016 contest. It also considers the character of the party system and claims that organised interests, particularly groups representing those at the highest ends of the income and wealth scales, play a disproportionate role in the US system. The book thereby offers a guide to debates about the democratic ‘health’ of the contemporary US. The final chapter places the study of US politics in a comparative and theoretical context. It suggests that comparative approaches are essential if political developments and processes are to be fully understood. It then considers the value of employing theoretical frameworks in the study of politics and explores the ways in which structural theories, approaches drawing upon representations of political culture, and rational choice perspectives can explain political outcomes.

Material and Theoretical Constrictions
Susan Martin-Márquez

In recent decades, scholars in a variety of humanities fields have thoroughly interrogated the ways in which established critical practices and theoretical frameworks have reproduced paradigms of coloniality. Yet cinema studies lags in this initiative. This article examines how presentist tendencies in particular have contributed to the ongoing Eurocentrism of academic work on film, by focusing on the acute challenges of film preservation and access, and the persistent sway of French theory.

Film Studies
Political lives of the surplus dead
Nicole Iturriaga and Derek S. Denman

This article sets forth a theoretical framework that first argues that necropolitical power and sovereignty should be understood as existing on a spectrum that ultimately produces the phenomenon of surplus death – such as pandemic deaths or those disappeared by the state. We then expound this framework by juxtaposing the necropolitical negligence of the COVID-19 pandemic with the violence of forced disappearances to argue that the surplus dead have the unique capacity to create political change and reckonings, due to their embodied power and agency. Victims of political killings and disappearance may not seem to have much in common with victims of disease, yet focusing on the mistreatment of the dead in both instances reveals uncanny patterns and similarities. We demonstrate that this overlap, which aligns in key ways that are particularly open to use by social actors, provides an entry to comprehend the agency of the dead to incite political reckonings with the violence of state action and inaction.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Catherine Akurut

), ‘ Criteria for Gender Inclusion ’, Hypatia Deliverable , 2 , (accessed 5 May 2020 ). Adamson , M. , Kelan , E. K. , Lewis , P

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Abstract only
Eglantine Staunton

innovative theoretical framework. It argues that the best way to study France's relationship to human protection is to analyse ‘a tale of two norms’. The first norm is France's domestic norm of human protection, and the second is the dominant international principle or norm of human protection at the time: humanitarian intervention during the 1990s and R2P since the 2000s. It should be clear that even though the idea is compelling, this book does not argue that humanitarian intervention and R2P are two historical versions of the same norm: as Chapter 4 explains in more

in France, humanitarian intervention and the responsibility to protect
Angela K. Bourne

on legal-constitutional powers, but others develop arguments about relational sources of regions’ power, their resources and legitimacy. I use this insight as a foundation for developing a new theoretical framework, outlined at the end of the chapter, and then applied empirically in chapters that follow. Impact of European integration on regional power 11 Table 1.1 Impact of European integration on regional power: summary of arguments Impact How integration affects regional power Source of regional power affected Disempowerment Bias of the EU’s decision

in The European Union and the accommodation of Basque difference in Spain
Interests, altruism and cooperation
Gorm Rye Olsen

This chapter proposes a theoretical framework which is mainly inspired by neo-­classical realism, complemented with some elements of small state theory. Further, it is inspired by the debates on the nature of the current world order, and here it draws on liberalism. Neo-­classical realism, like realism, stresses the importance of interests, but most importantly for our analysis is the fact that it seeks to take into account the possible impact of ideas and values on foreign policy-­ making. Values, ideas and norms become embedded in government institutions and in the

in The European Union in Africa
Socialisation and the domestic reception of international norms
Kelly Kollman

models influence domestic outcomes. In this chapter I draw on this literature to develop a theoretical framework to explain how processes of international learning and norm diffusion have catalysed SSU policy adoption in many western democracies as well as why the influence of these processes has varied across countries. As the word synergy implies, IR scholars also have a great deal to learn from LGBT politics and SSU policy. Given the field’s recent interest in both international policy diffusion and the international human rights regime, it is somewhat surprising

in The same-sex unions revolution in western democracies