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Stephen Turner

modernity was the core problem of the modern social sciences, and certainly of sociology. The Enlightenment thinkers problematized tradition in contrast to reason, Burke problematized their notion of tradition, the Saint-Simonians problematized and historicized the Enlightenment thinkers themselves as products of the decay of the previous ‘organic’ epoch. The revisions of Saint-Simon’s account, in the hands of Comte and Marx, who introduced their own periodizations, dominated early sociology and much of the social thinking

in Post-everything
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The biopic and the composed film in British art cinema
Brian Hoyle

flamboyant, technically experimental and artistically ambitious. As Wendy Everett has pointed out, this kind of filmmaking, for many British critics, is ‘aesthetic, inauthentic and self-indulgent’ and entirely in opposition to the ‘gritty, realistic and authentic work in the tradition of British documentary’. 2 This attitude has, no doubt, contributed greatly to the perception that Britain has no real art cinema tradition to speak of. At the same time, it has also served to push figures such as Russell to the margins of the British film industry. Indeed, during the final

in British art cinema
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Folk therapeutics and ‘English’ medicine in Rajasthan
Helen Lambert

relationships between different medical traditions since the introduction of Western medicine in Rajasthan. Historical sources that refer to a variety of these traditions provide an additional means through which to construct an account of shifts in these relationships in a former princely state. Together these approaches provide some evidence of transformations that have occurred in the putative medical system

in Western medicine as contested knowledge
Lenore T. Ealy

3 The recovery of tradition Lenore T. Ealy Behind the contemporary crisis of community lies a long history of the slow but inexorable destruction of the traditional communities in the West. Robert Nisbet, Prejudices: A Philosophical Dictionary (1982: 51) Contrary to modernist assertions, traditional architecture does not embody a historic/archaic (i.e. past) knowledge but technical know-how essentially related to the human condition. Léon Krier, The Architecture of Community (2009: 251) The conditions of community are met when consensus prevails about the

in The calling of social thought
W. J. McCormack

French background who utilised English, Welsh and Irish settings in his fiction. Le Fanu has been persistently aligned with a so-called Irish gothic tradition, inaugurated by Charles Robert Maturin (another Dublin Huguenot) and rendered notorious by Bram Stoker whose Dracula successfully transferred to the twentieth century and the snuff movie. Quite enough has been written

in Dissolute characters
Azzedine Haddour

6 Tradition, translation and colonization Introduction: radical Orientalism A radical Orientalism advanced the scope of the humanities: the interaction of the West with the East, the business of translation, the carrying across of knowledge from the East to the West; the movement of the sun from these two respective cultural locations as speculative endeavour is at the origin of what is called the Enlightenment. This sort of Orientalism at its moment of inception is at variance with the discursive formation Said describes in his seminal work Orientalism. This

in Frantz Fanon, postcolonialism and the ethics of difference
The origins of the concept in Enlightenment intellectual culture
Nicholas Hudson

6 Chapter 8 The spoken word Constructing oral tradition Constructing oral tradition: the origins of the concept in Enlightenment intellectual culture Nicholas Hudson [M]any circumstances of those times we call barbarous are favourable to the poetical spirit. That state, in which human nature shoots wild and free, though unfit for other improvements, certainly encourages the high exertions of fancy and passion . . . An American chief, at this day, harangues at the head of his tribe, in a more bold and metaphorical style, than a modern European would adventure

in The spoken word
Open Access (free)
Johan Östling

5 Tradition under debate During the final years of the 1950s, the period of actual reconstruction came to an end. Material standards had risen considerably, and the sombre, anxious atmosphere that was typical of the first half of the decade had given way to confidence in a brighter future. An artistic avant-garde broke with prevalent aesthetic principles; a public reckoning with Nazism gradually got under way; and a younger generation began to make itself heard in social debate. Many said farewell to the Adenauer era even before the ageing Federal Chancellor

in Humboldt and the modern German university
How nostalgia made an empire
Peter Mitchell

dubbed ‘the invention of tradition’: the manufacturing of authorised histories, commemorations, rituals, celebrations, costumes, titles, orders and awards. 2 The period of roughly 1870 to 1914 marks Hobsbawm and Ranger’s most frenetic period of tradition-making in Europe. It is also the time of what is loosely termed the New Imperialism, during which the European empires

in Imperial nostalgia
Kathrina Glitre

Genre, cycles and critical traditions 9 1 Genre, cycles and critical traditions How do we know a romantic comedy when we see one? According to Brian Henderson, ‘definition, even delimitation, is difficult or impossible because all Hollywood films (except some war films) have romance and all have comedy’ (2001: 312). While the pervasive presence of romance and comedy is undeniable, Henderson is conflating different levels of representational convention. All Hollywood genres implicitly belong to the broader traditions of American narrative film (Pye 1975: 31

in Hollywood romantic comedy States of the union, 1934–65