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Thinking beyond binaries
Valerie Bryson

A LTHOUGH PEOPLE WHO call themselves feminists differ widely in the issues they prioritise and the solutions they propose, they share an underlying focus on the experiences and needs of women, or particular groups of women. Recently, however, the rapid rise of movements for transgender rights has thrown open the basic question of which people should ‘count’ as women. This has produced a series of intense and sometimes ugly disputes between some feminists and some trans women and their supporters, underpinned by the basic question of whether people who were

in The futures of feminism
Author: Valerie Bryson

This book makes the case for an inclusive form of socialist feminism that will benefit both individuals and societies, and that puts multiply disadvantaged women at its heart. It argues that developing a feminist vocabulary is a key part of feminist politics, and it demystifies some key terms, including patriarchy and intersectionality. The book’s longest chapter engages with fierce disputes between some feminists and some trans women, and suggests possible compromises and ways forward. It argues throughout that the analysis of gender cannot be isolated from that of class or race, that patriarchy is inexorably entangled with capitalism, and that the needs of most women will not be met in an economy based on the pursuit of profit. In making these arguments, it explains why capitalism is not meeting human needs and it highlights the flaws in the ideologies that sustain it; it also shows how the assumptions of neoliberalism are incompatible with anything other than a narrow, elitist form of feminism that has little relevance for most women. Throughout, the book asserts the social, economic and human importance of the unpaid caring and domestic work that has been traditionally done by women, and the need to redistribute this and value it properly. It concludes that the combination of some policy trends, the increased presence of feminists in positions of influence and a rise in all kinds of grassroots activism give grounds for optimism about a future that could be both more feminist and more socialist.

Dispelling Misconceptions about Sexual Violence against Men and Boys in Conflict and Displacement
Heleen Touquet, Sarah Chynoweth, Sarah Martin, Chen Reis, Henri Myrttinen, Philipp Schulz, Lewis Turner, and David Duriesmith

sexualities, gender identities, and gender expressions, and differentiations along lines of class, race, ethnicity, caste, nationality and ability, among others. To provide services to ‘men’ or ‘men and boys’ as if they were a monolithic category would be to repeat the mistakes that are often made in the provision of ‘women-friendly’ services, which in practice are often ‘straight and cisgender women-friendly’ ( Jolly, 2011 ; e.g. see Chynoweth, 2019b : 63). Trans women, trans

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Alison Phipps

Gamergate: 133 PHIPPS 9781526147172 PRINT.indd 133 14/01/2020 13:18 Me, not you it identifies and then relentlessly attacks target after target, seemingly with the aim of total submission. In Chapter 4 I described one of these attacks, against Amnesty International following its support for sex work decriminalisation. Prominent trans people (usually trans women) and trans-focused or trans-­supportive organisations are also targeted, with increasing frequency. In 2018 trans-exclusionary feminists mobilised against the UK Labour Party, after it clarified that its women

in Me, not you
Abstract only
A dry word that can make a lot of sense
Valerie Bryson

address the claims of trans women, discussed in the next chapter .

in The futures of feminism
Translatina world-making in The Salt Mines and Wildness
Laura Horak

, their boyfriends, and strangers. Going to the police is not an option when you are afraid they will hurt you or deport you. If you are in the streets you risk being a target. This scene condenses the key themes of this chapter: the structural forces that produce trans women of colour as vulnerable, how some trans activists have organised a political movement that centres the experiences and leadership of the most vulnerable, and how filmmaking can contribute to this project. What happens when we bring together a trans social justice politics attuned to the unequal

in The power of vulnerability
La ley del deseo
Ana María Sánchez-Arce

This chapter focuses on El Deseo’s first film, La ley del deseo, arguing that this melodrama-cum-thriller explores LGBTQ+ issues in the context of the AIDS panic before queer trans studies and trans theory emerged in the 1990s. The film highlights how LGBTQ+ issues were taboo. Homosexuality was criminalised in Spain and the situation of LGBTQ+ communities was precarious. The film draws attention to this by making the stereotypes about gay men and trans women crucial in the mistakes police make while investigating a murder and by turning viewers into detectives trying to discover the central characters’ traumatic pasts.

in The cinema of Pedro Almodóvar
Abstract only
Alison Phipps

feminism, this pricing out can be deliberate. I have a complex and ambivalent relationship with the mainstream feminist movement. Because of this, 96 PHIPPS 9781526147172 PRINT.indd 96 14/01/2020 13:18 The outrage economy my comrades and teachers have not just been women like me: they have been women of colour, trans women and sex workers, and women who fit two or more of these descriptors (you know who you are). These women understand the systemic causes of sexual violence because they live at the harsh ends of oppressive systems. But despite their experience and

in Me, not you
Open Access (free)
The case of uterus and penis transplantation
Gennaro Selvaggi and Sean Aas

), larynx (Birchall et al. 2006), face (Devauchelle et al. 2006), uterus (Brännström et al. 2010; 2014; 2015) and penis (Bateman 2015). Uterus transplantation in particular raises distinctive issues about the right to reproduce and the relevance of reproductive ability to health and quality of life. The first uterus transplantation was attempted in Germany in 1931, on Lili Elbe, also one of the first trans women to undergo surgery to modify the anatomy of her genitals, removing the male organs (penis and testicles) and constructing female organs (vagina and labia) in

in The freedom of scientific research
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Writing American sexual histories
Author: Barry Reay

The archive has assumed a new significance in the history of sex, and this book visits a series of such archives, including the Kinsey Institute’s erotic art; gay masturbatory journals in the New York Public Library; the private archive of an amateur pornographer; and one man’s lifetime photographic dossier on Baltimore hustlers. The subject topics covered are wide-ranging: the art history of homoeroticism; casual sex before hooking-up; transgender; New York queer sex; masturbation; pornography; sex in the city. The duality indicated by the book’s title reflects its themes. It is an experiment in writing an American sexual history that refuses the confines of identity sexuality studies, spanning the spectrum of queer, trans, and the allegedly ‘normal’. What unites this project is a fascination with sex at the margins, refusing the classificatory frameworks of heterosexuality and homosexuality, and demonstrating gender and sexual indecision and flexibility. And the book is also an exploration of the role of the archive in such histories. The sex discussed is located both in the margins of the archives, what has been termed the counterarchive, but also, importantly, in the pockets of recorded desire located in the most traditional and respectable repositories. The sexual histories in this book are those where pornography and sexual research are indistinguishable; where personal obsession becomes tomorrow’s archive. The market is potentially extensive: those interested in American studies, sexuality studies, contemporary history, the history of sex, psychology, anthropology, sociology, gender studies, queer studies, trans studies, pornography studies, visual studies, museum studies, and media studies.