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Geoffrey Cubitt

1111 2 3 4 5111 6 7 8 9 10111 11 1112 3111 4 5 6 7 8 9 20111 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 30111 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 40111 4 MEMORY AND TRANSMISSION The previous chapter explored the social and cultural dynamics of memory at a relatively localized level. Its concern was with how the mnemonic life of individuals is shaped by its immediate social contexts, and with how this shaping is related to the development and maintenance of mnemonic cultures in relatively small-scale social groups – families or monastic communities, rather than nations or the universal church. The

in History and memory
Elizabeth C. Macknight

Adoption for transmission 77 3 Adoption for transmission The beneficiary of the majorat, the first-born son, belongs to the land.1 Over the centuries in Europe and other parts of the world numerous bloodlines of nobility have ceased to exist when the last member of a family passes away. In Halbwachs’s view these extinctions hold far-reaching ramifications for society and for historical memory. ‘Names and titles evoke the past of families, the geographical location of their belongings, their personal relations with other noble families, and their proximity

in Nobility and patrimony in modern France
E. Wyn James

Ann Griffiths (1776-1805), was until comparatively recently the only female poet of any real prominence in the Welsh literary tradition. Born Ann Thomas, she lived all her life in rural Montgomeryshire. Ann experienced evangelical conversion aged 20 and joined the Calvinistic Methodists. She became noted for the depth of her spirituality and began producing verses encapsulating her insights and experiences. Of the seventy-three stanzas and eight letters attributed to her, only one letter and one verse survive in her own hand, most of the extant verses having been transmitted orally to her maidservant, Ruth Evans. About two-thirds were published in early 1806, a few months after Anns death following childbirth, and were immediately acknowledged as religious verse of the highest order. They are characterized by a fervent subjectivism blended with an objective wondering and a plethora of biblical allusions and typology. The transmission of her hymns and letters has taken various forms - oral, manuscript and print - and most recently electronically, on the ‘Ann Griffiths Website’ in particular.

Bulletin of the John Rylands Library
Siam Bhayro and Sebastian Brock

This paper presents the newly rediscovered ‘Syriac Galen Palimpsest’. The manuscript has been subjected to the latest imaging techniques, which has allowed scholars to identify its undertext as containing a Syriac translation of Galens Book of Simple Drugs. After discussing the history, imaging and identification of the manuscript, we proceed to consider its significance for our understanding of the transmission of Greek medical lore in Syriac and Arabic, for which the Book of Simple Drugs serves as a convenient model. Several common misconceptions,regarding the Syriac medical traditions are addressed, including the assumed inferiority of the Syriac translations, compared to the Arabic ones, and the role of Syriac as an intermediary between Greek and Arabic.

Bulletin of the John Rylands Library
Bulletin of the John Rylands Library
Martin Thompson

This article proposes that Manchester, John Rylands Library, Latin MS 165 was an ‘accessory text’ produced and gifted within the Tudor court and passed down by matrilineal transmission within the influential Fortescue family. It proposes that from the text’s conception, the book of devotions participated in various projects of self-definition, including Henry VII’s campaign for the canonisation of his Lancastrian ancestor, Henry VI. By analysing visual and textual evidence, it posits that later female owners imitated the use of marginal spaces by the book’s original scribe and illuminator. Finally, it traces the book’s ownership back from its acquisition by the John Rylands Library to the viscounts Gage, in whose custody the book underwent a transformation from potentially subversive tool of female devotion to obscure historical artefact.

Bulletin of the John Rylands Library
Bulletin of the John Rylands Library
Bulletin of the John Rylands Library
Lessons Learned from an Intervention by Médecins Sans Frontières
Maria Ximena Di Lollo, Elena Estrada Cocina, Francisco De Bartolome Gisbert, Raquel González Juarez, and Ana Garcia Mingo

pathogenic mechanisms, transmission and why some people are more affected than others, and this hindered the initial response to contain the outbreak. This meant that regional and central governments in Spain, politicians and social organisations did not take the threat seriously enough at first ( Baron and Rahmouni, 2020 ). International organisations, such as the World Health Organization (WHO) and Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) – a medical-humanitarian organisation with

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Positioning, Politics and Pertinence
Natalie Roberts

of the MSF intervention, notably on whether it had resulted in any tangible reduction in mortality, disease transmission, or the duration of the outbreak; or whether the results achieved warranted the massive resources deployed and the heavy physical and psychological consequences suffered by responders. Prior to 2013 MSF had accepted the failure of its Ebola responses to save lives or limit transmission, partly due to the absence of effective vaccines or treatments

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs