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Escape lines
Diego Gaspar Celaya and Lennert Savenije

5 Inherently transnational: escape lines Megan Koreman, Diego Gaspar Celaya and Lennert Savenije Every time Hitler and his subordinates made a move towards implementing the Nazi New Order, whether it was branding an entire group of people as undesirable or conquering another country, some individuals slipped into the clandestine world of fugitives living underground. The occupation closed off political migration, meaning that anyone who wanted to escape Nazi persecution during the war had to either hide or steal out of occupied territory. Such fugitives needed

in Fighters across frontiers
Warsaw, Paris, Slovakia
Laurent Douzou, Yaacov Falkov, and Vít Smetana

9 Transnational uprisings: Warsaw, Paris, Slovakia Laurent Douzou, Yaacov Falkov and Vít Smetana Steadily, but unevenly, German armies were forced back. On 4 July 1944 Soviet forces crossed the 1939 border between the Soviet Union and Poland and approached Warsaw, the German-occupied key to Eastern Europe. The Allies made slow progress in Normandy after D-Day on 6 June 1944, but on 15 August 1944 the Allied and French landings in Provence broke the German grip on southern France. With their backs to the wall, however, the German armies were still capable of

in Fighters across frontiers
Apollinaire in Freddy de Vree’s multilingual radiophonic composition A Pollen in the Air
Lars Bernaerts

stimulated to collaborate with other European radio stations. In fact, experimental radio is very much a transnational phenomenon, with collaborations that exceed the neo-avant-garde networks of performances, exhibitions and festivals: the institution of radio brings together neo-avant-garde-minded radio makers and allows for transnational collaboration. Across Europe experimental radio plays were circulating and being translated; and also on a physical level, radio waves do not care about national borders. To be sure, the institutional context puts some pressure on the

in Tuning in to the neo-avant-garde
Open Access (free)
Munich–Rome–Los Angeles, or ‘The last temptation of Ingmar Bergman’
Thomas Elsaesser

Bergman’s encounters with Hollywood, many of which centred on or were initiated by Bergman’s contacts with Dino De Laurentiis, the powerful transnational producer, working out of Rome, but with long-standing interests in the Hollywood picture business. The first relevant document in this respect dates from 9 January 1963, when De Laurentiis wrote to Bergman, inviting him to direct an episode in an omnibus film he was about to produce, called The Bible . De Laurentiis argues that he had already secured the

in Ingmar Bergman
Private organizations and governmentality
Giles Scott- Smith

, institutions, and professional networks that voluntarily took on this role. In doing so, they fulfilled a role that governments could not, and they acted in the name of vital governmental interests. These groups form what we can call the Transnational Transatlantic. Their efforts were behind the creation and perpetuation of a unique political space, an Atlantic Community, as a guiding sign of consensus with which both sides of the ocean could identify. It was also the nucleus for what many perceived to be the future of global governance 9 – the transatlantic core for

in The TransAtlantic reconsidered
Paul Routledge and Andrew Cumbers

5217P GLOBAL JUSTICE-PT/lb.qxd 13/1/09 19:59 Page 196 8 Geographies of transnational solidarity Solidarity is not a matter of altruism. Solidarity comes from the inability to tolerate the affront to our own integrity of passive or active collaboration in the oppression of others, and from the deep recognition of our most expansive self-interest. From the recognition that, like it or not, our liberation is bound up with that of every other being on the planet, and that politically, spiritually, in our heart of hearts we know anything else is unaffordable

in Global justice networks
Childhood visits to Ireland by the second generation in England
Bronwen Walter

3995 Migrations.qxd:text 5/8/13 11:38 Page 17 1 Transnational networks across generations: childhood visits to Ireland by the second generation in England Bronwen Walter Introduction The close entanglements of families spread between Ireland and England are often ignored as transnational links, reflecting the hazy understanding of separate states within the ‘British Isles’ especially outside the Irish Republic. But the significance of these ties was demonstrated by the size of return migration of Irish nationals with their British-born children in the Celtic

in Migrations
Britain, France and the Rhodesian problem, 1965–1969
Joanna Warson

11 A transnational decolonisation: Britain, France and the Rhodesian problem, 1965–1969 Joanna Warson In 2010, while Francophone Africa was commemorating fifty years of independence, Zimbabwe celebrated a smaller, though by no means less significant, anniversary. 18 April 2010 marked thirty years since the midnight ceremony, attended by Prince Charles and Bob Marley, when the red, green, black and gold flag of Zimbabwe rose for the first time (The Times, 1980, 18 April). It was therefore two decades after the independence of Francophone Africa that white

in Francophone Africa at fifty
Rachael Weaver

in 1793 on the HMS Atlantic , along with Bennelong and Yemmerrawanne of the Eora nation; Banks later gave two of these kangaroos to Queen Charlotte for her Kew Gardens menagerie. Around this time the entrepreneur Gilbert Pidcock included a live kangaroo in his small travelling circus. 5 Christopher Plumb notes the ‘kangaroo mania’ in England during this period; 6 while Richard Neville suggests that by 1800 there were so many kangaroos living there ‘they were said to be almost naturalised’. 7 Transnational kangaroos This is the beginning of the

in Worlding the south
India’s response to the ‘ghosts of the republic’
Pragna Paramita Mondal

The conditions that produce statelessness exist in the governance of cross-border reproduction through surrogacy. Transnational commercial surrogacy involves women in the host countries acting as surrogates for foreign homosexual/heterosexual couples or single persons who aspire to parenthood but are unable or unwilling to bear children themselves

in Statelessness, governance, and the problem of citizenship