Zoë Kinsley

This article considers the ways in which eighteenth-century womens travel narratives function as autobiographical texts, examining the process by which a travellers dislocation from home can enable exploration of the self through the observation and description of place. It also, however, highlights the complexity of the relationship between two forms of writing which a contemporary readership viewed as in many ways distinctly different. The travel accounts considered, composed (at least initially) in manuscript form, in many ways contest the assumption that manuscript travelogues will somehow be more self-revelatory than printed accounts. Focusing upon the travel writing of Lady Mary Wortley Montagu, Katherine Plymley, Caroline Lybbe Powys and Dorothy Richardson, the article argues for a more historically nuanced approach to the reading of womens travel writing and demonstrates that the narration of travel does not always equate to a desired or successful narration of the self.

Bulletin of the John Rylands Library

This book provocatively argues that much of what English writers of the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries remembered about medieval English geography, history, religion, and literature, they remembered by means of medieval and modern Scandinavia. These memories, in turn, figure in something even broader. Protestant and fundamentally monarchical, the Nordic countries constituted a politically kindred spirit in contrast with France, Italy, and Spain. Along with the so-called Celtic fringe and overseas colonies, Scandinavia became one of the external reference points for the forging of the United Kingdom. Subject to the continual refashioning of memory, the region became at once an image of Britain’s noble past and an affirmation of its current global status, rendering trips there rides on a time machine. The book’s approach to the Anglo-Scandinavian past addresses the specific impact of Nordic materials in framing conceptions of the English Middle Ages and positions the literature of medievalism less as the cause of modern Anglo-Nordic interests than as the recurrence of the same cultural concerns that animated early modern politics, science, and natural history. Emphasising multilingual non-literary traditions (such as travel writing and ethnography) and following four topics – natural history, ethnography, moral character, and literature – the focus of Northern Memories is on how texts, with or without any direct connections to one another, reproduced shared tropes and outlooks and on how this reproduction cumulatively furthered large cultural ideas.

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The asylum travelogue and the shaping of ‘idiocy’
Patrick McDonagh

11 VISITING EARLSWOOD: THE ASYLUM TRAVELOGUE AND THE SHAPING OF ‘IDIOCY’ Patrick McDonagh In his 1860 A Visit to Earlswood, the Reverend Edwin Sidney opens with a description of landscape as seen from a rail car: The traveller by railway from London to Brighton is carried over a tract of country of great physical and moral interest. The picturesque undulations of the rising grounds on either side, belong to formations where once roamed many of the strange-looking creatures whose restored forms are seen in the garden of the Crystal Palace – itself the most

in Intellectual disability
British Travelogues, 1850–1900
Author: Tim Youngs

Works of travel have been the subject of increasingly sophisticated studies in recent years. This book undermines the conviction with which nineteenth-century British writers talked about darkest Africa. It places the works of travel within the rapidly developing dynamic of Victorian imperialism. Images of Abyssinia and the means of communicating those images changed in response to social developments in Britain. As bourgeois values became increasingly important in the nineteenth century and technology advanced, the distance between the consumer and the product were justified by the scorn of African ways of eating. The book argues that the ambiguities and ambivalence of the travellers are revealed in their relation to a range of objects and commodities mentioned in narratives. For instance, beads occupy the dual role of currency and commodity. The book deals with Henry Morton Stanley's expedition to relieve Emin Pasha, and attempts to prove that racial representations are in large part determined by the cultural conditions of the traveller's society. By looking at Joseph Conrad's Heart of Darkness, it argues that the text is best read as what it purports to be: a kind of travel narrative. Only when it is seen as such and is regarded in the context of the fin de siecle can one begin to appreciate both the extent and the limitations of Conrad's innovativeness.

The Philippines and its inhabitants in the travel accounts of Carl Semper (1869) and Fedor Jagor (1873)
Hidde van der Wall

longer periods through northern Luzon, Mindanao and Bohol, doing zoological research which formed the basis for his life work, 6 but also ethnographic and anthropological studies. 7 His 1869 book consists of six lectures and was intended as the prelude to a more extensive popular travelogue which was never published. Before coming to the Philippines, Fedor Jagor (1816–1900) visited the Dutch and British colonies in south-east Asia, experiences he used in

in Savage worlds
Paul Henley

, by this time, the newsreel agencies Gaumont and Pathé had already taken over from the Lumière company as the most active producers in France of films on culturally exotic subjects. Exotic reportage and travelogues According to the French cinema writer, Pierre Leprohon, the cameramen who worked for Gaumont and Pathé in the early years were mostly freelancers who were provided with equipment by the agencies but had to supply their own film. They were then paid for the exposed film that they sent back to the agencies, though

in Beyond observation
Gender, sexual difference and knowledge in Bacon’s New Atlantis
Kate Aughterson

juxtaposition of the unexpected with the expected, the unknown with the known, is a rhetorical ploy typical of the first part of the fable’s tripartite structure. There are eight reversals in the opening section, each of which restructure our view on the world. The first four inversions are: the ‘wilderness’ which provides ‘salvation’,14 a reversal with both Biblical and travelogue precedent; the discovered land being a ‘fair city’, rather than uninhabited and undeveloped, an inversion recognised by readers familiar with More’s Utopia; the initial absence of an ascribed

in Francis Bacon’s New Atlantis
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Fast time and workplace identity
Angela Lait

in ethical and mindful living, and in creative production, we achieve the purpose and meaning essential to well-being and good mental health that ultimately proceeds from a more anchored and stable (but nevertheless developing) self. Chapter 6 looks at the nature of the autobiographic text, drawing on the form’s history and contemporary manifestation in migrant travelogues to understand its

in Telling tales
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Jonathan Chatwin

and magazines, endless reviews, and not a few introductions to books he admired. Chatwin is often thought of as something of a dilettante, for whom literature was a secondary undertaking, subordinate to an exotic life as a traveller and socialite. The impression is utterly false; his commitment to writing was absolute. Chatwin’s writing career was a litany of success. His first published work, In Patagonia, startled with its radical reconfiguration of the travelogue form, whilst The Viceroy of Ouidah consolidated an emergent reputation as an insightful chronicler of

in Anywhere out of the world
Panikos Panayi

Hinduism (especially in the case of missionaries); the position of women; and the prevalence of poverty and disease. However, many travelogues devoted positive attention to the Indian landscape, although descriptions of cityscapes often contained negative language focusing upon poverty and disease. While Germans may form part of the European elite in India, they distinguished themselves not simply from

in The Germans in India