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John M. MacKenzie

, hunting. In all of these, there tended to be a considerable interaction between imperial territories and the metropolis, particularly if senior members of the military inherited or acquired estates in Britain. Among all of these, animals were perhaps the subject of particularly intense fascination. The rest of this chapter is devoted to the examination of the military’s relationship with hunting and the manner in which the resulting trophies became a significant aspect of collecting activities. These constituted at the same time souvenirs of service and of travels

in Dividing the spoils
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Perspectives on military collections and the British empire

Over 130 military museums in the United Kingdom preserve the historical collections of British regiments, corps and services (including two naval museums). Their collections contain artefacts acquired by British servicemen in colonial warfare and on imperial garrison duties across the globe. Outside military culture, the phenomenon of collecting in theatres of war is primarily associated with looting. However, those who encountered the British Army in its colonial garrisons and campaigns met with a remarkably heterogeneous enterprise.

Drawing from a series of research workshops funded by the Royal Society of Edinburgh and case studies developed with British Academy/Leverhulme, support, the essays in this edited collection will combine the perspectives of anthropologists and historians to test current understandings of military collecting beyond Europe. Dividing the Spoils will variously address motivations and circumstances for collecting and appropriation, the place of collected objects in the context of military organisational culture and the legacy of military collections as material witnesses of encounters between non-European peoples and imperial forces.

The book argues for an understanding of these collections within a range of intercultural relationships which embrace diplomacy, alliance, curiosity and enquiry, as well as conflict, expropriation and cultural hegemony.

A contrasting choreography of flags, military booty and skulls from late nineteenth-century Africa
John Mack

, what sense of personhood do they retain when separated from an original owner; and what sense do they obtain in their new locations? They are conventionally described as ‘trophies’ – a term used also into the early twentieth century of, for instance, missionary collecting 8 and particularly in the context of big-game hunting. But does this adequately express their complex agency? The theme is opened up by contrasting two different forms of military engagement in Africa in the late Victorian period and the divergent biographies of objects associated with each

in Dividing the spoils
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Custom and practice
Edward M. Spiers

’s Regiment) agreed that the looting orders had been very strict, and that he had had to hand over the head of a processional cross, which is ‘now in the R[oyal] A[rtillery] mess’. 6 Yet Borrett retained ‘two Abyssinian swords picked up on the battlefield. A ring I cut off a dead enemy, part of a native bible, and a bullet that fell at my feet during the fight.’ 7 This apparent anomaly between a ban on looting and the acquisition of battlefield trophies reflected the endurance of another military custom, namely the right of a soldier to retain anything seized at the

in Dividing the spoils
Desmond Thomas

generally more progressive interpretive approach to be found in many regimental museums today they continue to display the same types of objects they have traditionally used to represent enduringly important themes of valour, identity, tradition and honour. Weapons, uniforms, medals, insignia, silverware, equipment and fine and decorative art are, and will continue to be, an intrinsic part of regimental material culture. Regimental collections are fundamentally about achievement and within them trophies, as an indicator of actual or perceived success, will always have a

in Dividing the spoils
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Gary James

to the club’s failing, although they did end their trophy-­winning potential for a while. United were some distance behind and appeared destined to always be the city’s second team. The bans and transfers provided a platform and opportunity for United to establish their own success and to provide Manchester with two prominent and challenging clubs. United’s successes The four former City p ­ layers – B ­ annister, Burgess, Turnbull and M ­ eredith – ­all made their United debuts on New Year’s day 1907 against, ironically, Aston Villa, and it was with some

in The emergence of footballing cultures
Chaucerian Beckets
Helen Barr

Canterbury Tales and The Interlude offer up versions of Thomas Becket which remain suspended between the sexual and devotional discourses in which Chaucer’s General Prologue initially placed him. The Canterbury Interlude delivers what The General Prologue promises: travel to Canterbury inspired by ‘moisture’ that is both sexual and devotional (I.1–3). Only, those highly prized relics of Becket, the glass phials that contained his blood and water – liquid proof of his sainted martyrdom – turn out to be pilgrim ‘a-trophy’. The souvenir that the Interlude Pardoner carries

in Transporting Chaucer
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Katy Layton-Jones

Industry and Art replicated many of the features of its predecessor. Goods were again classified, there was a machinery hall, and a new building was erected for the purpose. It is true that some changes, such as the inclusion of Fine Art galleries, attracted attention away from the industrial manufactures, but other innovations served to renew public interest in provincial urban Britain and its products. The addition of ‘Trophies’ to the display canon enabled towns to promote themselves in a new and dramatic fashion.58 ‘Trophies’ were essentially elaborate displays that

in Beyond the metropolis
The repatriation of the Kandyan regalia to Ceylon
Robert Aldrich

indigenous rulers. The fate of such objects varied: presented as trophies, sold at auction, entered into museum collections, occasionally repatriated. Even today demands are regularly voiced for restitution of heritage objects, regalia among them. This chapter will consider the regalia of the kingdom of Kandy, the last independent realm on the island known in colonial times as

in Crowns and colonies
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Gary James

1863 through to the establishment of the Manchester County Football Association in the mid-­ 1880s, and on to the professional game. Manchester’s first trophy successes came at a time when John Nall was still an active member of the conurbation’s footballing community. Notes 1 Balaam, Centenary 1–5; ‘Introduction of rugby football into Manchester’, Athletic News, 24 December 1878, 2; Hewitt, The emergence, 58; ‘Football in the north’, Athletic News, 18 March 1876; ‘Football in the north’, Athletic News, 26 February 1876, 2. 2 E. Dunning and K. Sheard, Barbarians

in The emergence of footballing cultures