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Crime as urban fabric in São Paulo
Author: Gabriel Feltran

This book tells the story of the ‘world of crime’ in São Paulo. In so doing, it presents a new framework to understand urban conflict in many other contexts. Chapters are based on ethnographic fieldwork started in 1997, when Brazil's elites still hoped to achieve the integration of the country into a modern global order, and of the urban poor into a prosperous nation. Both integration projects placed their hopes in the city of São Paulo. The metropolitan region had grown in population from 2.6 million in 1950, to 12.5 million in 1980. This demographic explosion manifested in the rapid expansion of self-constructed favelas, clandestine subdivisions and working-class neighbourhoods. Besides migration, the central pillars for the occupation of these territories until the 1980s were factory work, the family and Catholic religiosity. These pillars have shifted radically since urbanisation. Schooling, access to services and urban infrastructure, although still precarious, have all grown considerably. Rural to urban migration slowed; there was a dramatic transition in popular religious practices and average fertility plummeted from 7.1 to 1.4 children per woman in just 40 years. Since then, two generations have been born and grown up in an urban world radically different from that in which their parents lived. However, it is the expansion of the ‘world of crime’ – a social universe and form of everyday authority established around global illegal markets that would most radically transform the social dynamics of the city.

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Gabriel Feltran

experiment conducted at this frontier, of searching for the parameters of São Paulo’s contemporary urban order. I argue here, at the outset, in favour of understanding São Paulo’s urban conflict through the formal notion of normative regimes – in contrast to the view, dominant in the academic literature, which still presents ‘urban violence’ as the opposite of the ‘modern order’ or ‘democracy’. Historically – and the metropolis of São Paulo is exemplary in this regard – these notions have been intrinsically related (Tilly, 1985). Expectations of modernity2 When this

in The entangled city
São Paulo’s apparatus for homicide management
Gabriel Feltran

6 Government produces crime, crime produces government: São Paulo’s apparatus for homicide management This chapter offers a situated analysis of the specificities of São Paulo’s urban conflict, charting more than two decades of conflict between government policies and criminal policies in the management of lethal violence.1 In Chapter 4, I discussed the repertoire of normative regimes that pluralise the notion of justice in the peripheries of São Paulo, and of ways in which, over the years, a justice system overseen by ‘crime’ has come to coexist with regimes of

in The entangled city
Abstract only
Gabriel Feltran

logic, although this is clearly visible in trends towards mass incarceration and the criminalisation of poverty, which attempt to subjugate the discontented by force. Contemporary governance strategies of urban conflict seem to be based precisely on the situational variation of a repertoire of actually existing and relatively autonomous normative regimes (Machado da Silva, 1993; Feltran 2010a, 2011; Grillo, 2013), which include these strategies and many others based on slicing the population as precisely as possible. Central to these delimitations, essentialised in

in The entangled city
Guy Austin

derived from Hadj or Ben Badis, memories of the French massacres of civilians at Sétif in 1945 (described by the PPA as ‘genocide’) and also the increasingly brutal French reprisals against rebel activity – from the killing of over a thousand Algerians after the death of 71 Europeans in August 1955 to the infamous torture techniques such as la gégène (electric shocks). Despite the focus on urban conflict (and on the French use

in Algerian national cinema
Abstract only
John Field

that by the 1880s characterised middle-class attitudes towards the poor. Emerging socialist groups occasionally found an audience among the unemployed, organising demonstrations that often spilt over into violent outbursts.5 Fears of class war were further inflamed by union activity among unskilled and casual workers and, above all, the London dockers’ strike of 1889. For many late Victorian Britons, urban conflicts and aspirations were one side of a coin. Land reform, of one kind or another, was the other. In imperial Britain, long-term changes in food supply were

in Working men’s bodies
Rationale and barriers
Idil Atak

cities’, Urban Geography , 29:1, 53–77, DOI: 10.2747/0272-3638.29.1.53 . Singh v. Minister of Employment and Immigration [1985] 1 S.C.R. 177. Smith, J. (2018) ‘Responding to globalization and urban conflict: human rights city initiatives’, Studies in Social Justice , 11:2, 347–368. Solidarity City Network (2013) Towards a Sanctuary City: Assessment and Recommendations on Municipal Service Provision to Undocumented Residents in Toronto , http

in Sanctuary cities and urban struggles
Marriage, remarriage and screwball comedy
Kathrina Glitre

loveless marriage to please his father. Theodora returns the HRCC02 51 27/4/06, 8:51 AM 52 Marriage favour by liberating Michael: ‘You’re living in a jail too – you can’t call your soul your own!’ What is particularly striking about their respective family ‘jails’ is their overt gender determination, reinforced by domestic/public and rural/urban conflicts. Theodora lives with two maiden aunts in a small town named after her family (Lynnfield), while a black-sheep uncle lives in the city; her behaviour is restricted by small-town values and conventional feminine

in Hollywood romantic comedy States of the union, 1934–65
John Gurney

‘Levellers’ were also reported to have broken open High Wycombe’s gaol, and, in a suggestive combination of the popular and the radical, to have publicly insulted the mayor as a cuckold while threatening to ‘have him brought to an Account for that Money he had cheated the Country of ’.165 It is likely that the detailed criticism of urban corporations contained in the Light Shining pamphlets reflected such local experience of urban conflicts.166 The parallels between the Light Shining pamphlets and Digger writings should not however be taken too far. In tone as well as

in Brave community
Anthony Musson and Edward Powell

1381 , ed. Hilton and Ashton pp. 165–93; C. Liddy, ‘Urban conflict in late fourteenth-century England: the case of York in 1380–81’, EHR , 118 (2003), 1–32. 6 C. Phythian Adams, ‘Rituals of personal confrontation in late medieval England’, BJRL , 73 (1991), 76–89; C. Humphrey, The Politics of

in Crime, Law and Society in the Later Middle Ages