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Ian D. Thatcher

7 Late imperial urban workers Ian D. Thatcher The rapid growth of a small but significant urban working class was a notable feature of industrialisation and urbanisation in the late imperial period. In the decades from the 1860s to 1914 Russia’s population more than doubled; its major urban centres quadrupled (Moscow, St Petersburg, Warsaw), quintupled (Riga, Odessa), and even grew tenfold in size (Kiev). Such impressive growth was largely a consequence of in-migration. Late tsarist Russia has been described as a ‘country of people on the move’,1 primarily in

in Late imperial Russia
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Lindsay J. Proudfoot
Dianne P. Hall

were central to the re-materialisation of this landscape and its inscription with new place meanings. As Anthony Trollope noted in 1873, even the smallest towns might possess a surprisingly wide range of functions and were thus, as Jeans observes, truly urban in character. 4 Accordingly, as Thomas Brown’s obituary and the excerpts from the Kilmore Free Press suggest, it is likely that they

in Imperial spaces
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Gervase Rosser

urban life reaching back well before 1066. As is noted in the Introduction, archaeology has recently filled out the written record of Anglo-Saxon boroughs, to show that central and southern England were significantly urbanised well before the Norman invasion. The Domesday Book is not a simple source for the historian to use [ 9 ], [ 10 ]. It was drawn up not to provide a rounded description of

in Towns in medieval England
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Gervase Rosser

market and to hold a court of justice but also for the protection of trading members of the urban community when they travelled to other towns [ 51 ]. Monarchs under financial duress were the more willing to delegate powers for a financial return; but no civic corporation under the aegis of the medieval English monarchy was allowed to forget that it exercised delegated authority on suffrance, and might at any

in Towns in medieval England
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Un prophète and Dheepan
Gemma King

5 Urban margins: Un prophète and Dheepan W e now move from the city to the banlieue for Jacques Audiard’s 2009 Un prophète and 2015 Dheepan. Each of these banlieue-set films is composed of multilingual dialogue and features characters who frequently code-switch as a strategy for dominating one another. Un prophète is set in the Brécourt male prison, ruled and divided by two conflicting cultural gangs: the Arabs and the Corsicans. The young Franco-Maghrebi protagonist, Malik, finds himself simultaneously subjugated by, and torn between, these two groups, as he

in Decentring France
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Queer homes, households and families
Matt Cook
Alison Oram

at how LGBTQ people fitted into more everyday patterns of home-making as couples and as families with children. How accommodating and accepting were urban residential areas to queer people in their quest to create secure and comfortable homes? LGBTQ families of varying shapes and sizes show that ‘normal’ suburban living arrangements were often less heterosexual and more queer than a first glance would indicate. Socializing with friends in the private home, discussed at the end of the chapter, has been vital for LGBTQ

in Queer beyond London
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Heritage and transformation in Nelson Mandela Bay

The book focuses on the Nelson Mandela Bay Metro in South Africa’s Eastern Cape, using the city as a case study to read the ways in which memory is being written into South African urban space two decades after the end of apartheid. At the core of the book is the question of how history is written into public space, and how inscriptions of the past and its meanings are being challenged. This reading of public space and memory is located in a context where the promises of ‘reconciliation’ and the ‘rainbow nation’ are largely falling apart, and one in which South African cities remain in dire need of dramatic spatial and social transformation. The book is organised around four examples of memorial sites/practices, highlighting some of the ways in which public memory has been circumscribed by the state as well as the ways in which this circumscription has been contested. These include the Red Location Museum of Struggle, a highly contentious museum project; histories of forced removals in the suburb of South End; the activism and iconography of a group called the Amabutho, which was active in the city’s townships during the struggles of the 1980s; and heritage-related public art projects in the city centre. These examples collectively illuminate the spatial politics of memory in the twenty-first-century post-apartheid city, and the intersections between urban transformation and public memory.

Matthew Gandy

call from the landscape designer Ian Laurie is contained in his introduction to a pathbreaking essay collection emerging from a symposium held at the University of Manchester in 1974 that served in many ways as a European counterpart to an earlier conference on the theme of urban nature held in Washington, DC in 1968. Many of the contributors to the Manchester symposium were

in Turning up the heat
Re-inventing open space in Greece and Switzerland
Sofia Nikolaidou

4 Temporary urban landscapes and urban gardening: re-​inventing open space in Greece and Switzerland Sofia Nikolaidou Introduction New forms of urban gardening are gaining momentum in cities, transforming the conventional use and functions of open green and public space. They often take place through the informal and temporal (re-​)use of vacant land ‘that is considered to have little market value’ (Schmelzkopf, 1995: 364), as part of greening strategies or social policy. The increased adoption of such forms within urban areas underlines discussions of changing

in Urban gardening and the struggle for social and spatial justice
Comparing two survey waves (2008–2018)
Federica Viganò
Enzo Grossi
, and
Giorgio Tavano Blessi

Introduction Since the early 2000s, many disciplines have begun to examine urban and rural differences and to investigate the relationship between well-being and the degree of urbanisation of the place where individuals live. From sociologists to economists, from urban planners to psychologists and medical researchers, all are providing evidence

in Rural quality of life