Search results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 29 items for :

  • "urban village" x
  • Refine by access: All content x
Clear All
Labour NGOs and the struggle for migrant workers’ rights

In twenty-first-century Chinese cities there are hundreds of millions of rural migrants who are living temporary lives, suspended between urban and rural China. They are the unsung heroes of the country’s ‘economic miracle’, yet are regarded as second-class citizens in both a cultural, material and legal sense. China’s citizenship challenge tells the story of how civic organisations set up by some of these rural migrants challenge this citizenship marginalisation. The book argues that in order to effectively address the problems faced by migrant workers, these NGOs must undertake ‘citizenship challenge’: the transformation of migrant workers’ social and political participation in public life, the broadening of their access to labour and other rights, and the reinvention of their relationship to the city. By framing the NGOs’ activism in terms of citizenship rather than class struggle, this book offers a valuable contribution to the field of labour movement studies in China. The monograph also proves exceptionally timely in the context of the state’s repression of these organisations in recent years, which, as the book explores, was largely driven by their citizenship-altering activism.

Małgorzata Jakimów

In November 2017, a fire claimed nineteen lives in an overcrowded building in Daxing, one of the most densely migrant-inhabited districts of Beijing. Shortly afterwards, an estimated 100,000 migrant workers labelled as ‘low-end population’ were thrown out into the bitter Beijing winter as urban villages in Daxing and other parts of the city were razed in the forty-day crackdown on ‘illegal housing’ (Phillips, 2017 ). The city authorities justified the destruction of urban villages, as in previous cases of similar removal, on the grounds of

in China’s citizenship challenge
A genealogical enquiry
Małgorzata Jakimów

particular walled-off, urban, village-like community (Dutton, 1992 : 231–232). However, even though the ‘rural’ was the new ideal to be re-enacted in the ‘revolutionary’ cities, the Maoist understanding of the ‘rural’ had little to do with Imperial China's conception of the ‘rural’ as the microcosm of the empire. Instead of family- or clan-centred identities, the Communists sought to remake both the city and the countryside into a new society (see Mao, 1940 ), where the old ‘feudal’ organisation of rural life was to be replaced by classless social relations, a process

in China’s citizenship challenge
Philip Lawton

suburban growth. Broadly speaking, the period of the economic boom was marked by two contrasting visions of urban society in Ireland. The official vision was often presented as the desire for an urban village atmosphere based around walkable and sustainable communities, which in reality was largely driven by an entrepreneurial planning agenda dominated by real estate interests (MacLaran and Williams, 2003). The other vision was that of the continued suburban expansion of cities such as Cork and Dublin (Corcoran, Gray and Peillon, 2010; Fagan, Kelly and Lysaght, 2006

in Spacing Ireland
Małgorzata Jakimów

and community-lacking experience of migrant labour. The hukou identity card, represented as ‘a thin piece of paper’ in this author's other poem, complicates this situation of displacement. This displacement and the feeling of alienation from both rural and urban are also echoed in the narratives expressed through NBW's artistic activities and the forms of self-expression that the organisation promotes among migrant workers. The urban village where the NGO is based is located on the outskirts of Beijing city's prosperous Chaoyang district, near

in China’s citizenship challenge
Abstract only
Private greed, political negligence and housing policy after Grenfell

As the tragedy of the Grenfell Tower fire of 14 June 2017 has slowly revealed a shadowy background of outsourcing and deregulation, and a council turning a blind eye to health and safety concerns, many questions need answers. Stuart Hodkinson has those answers. Safe as Houses weaves together Stuart’s research over the last decade with residents’ groups in council regeneration projects across London to provide the first comprehensive account of how Grenfell happened and how it could easily have happened in multiple locations across the country. It draws on examples of unsafe housing either refurbished or built by private companies under the Private Finance Initiative (PFI) to show both the terrible human consequences of outsourcing and deregulation and how the PFI has enabled developers, banks and investors to profiteer from highly lucrative, taxpayer-funded contracts. The book also provides shocking testimonies of how councils and other public bodies have continuously sided with their private partners, doing everything in their power to ignore, deflect and even silence those who speak out. The book concludes that the only way to end the era of unsafe regeneration and housing provision is to end the disastrous regime of self-regulation. This means strengthening safety laws, creating new enforcement agencies independent of government and industry, and replacing PFI and similar models of outsourcing with a new model of public housing that treats the provision of shelter as ‘a social service’ democratically accountable to its residents.

Fanny Lopez

and that are so very unspectacular. A new energy policy (that is, a new economic and social policy) should therefore be able to advocate and support a ‘modernized peasant civilization’ trend. Initially, it would doubtlessly be important to imagine a new regional development mode to replace ours, for example an ‘agro-urban’ fabric in which, in our cities and countryside, a very dense way of inhabiting (about 5,000 inhabitants per km 2 as a national average, or even more), would be replaced, with ‘urban villages’ that are juxtaposed, near each other; it would be a

in Dreams of disconnection
Ruut Veenhoven
Nivré Claire Wagner
, and
Jan Ott

architecturally as urban villages. The furthering of urban green is part of that movement and involved the building of public parks and planting trees in streets. Biophilia theory The call for urban green was recently strengthened by the theory that humans have an innate need for contact with nature and in particular with other forms of life (Wilson, 1984 ). A

in Rural quality of life
Georgina Blakeley
Brendan Evans

intention to provide development companies with housing construction contracts was apparent in Bernstein’s announcement that ‘major house building groups had expressed enthusiasm for creating new and sustainable homes in the area’ (NEM Shadow Board Minutes, 09/12/1999). Finally, it was clear that NEM was not to function de novo, but was to sweep up existing projects under 30 The regeneration of east Manchester its control by assuming responsibility for the Health, Sports and Education Action Zones (HAZs, SAZs and EAZs), the Ancoats Urban Village Company, SureStart

in The regeneration of east Manchester
Ancoats and the ongoing housing question
Nigel de Noronha
Jonathan Silver

-industrial collapse, population loss, and further displacement with some council housing construction. This era draws to a close with the withdrawal of state and capital, leading to the further stigmatisation of Ancoats as a place of poverty, crime and deteriorating housing conditions. Secondly, we look at the period between the 1980s and 2000s when New Labour's ‘Third Way’ optimism sought to socially engineer ‘mixed sustainable communities’ in what had been a segregated, working-class area into a place where rich and poor would live together in an ‘urban village’. Thirdly, the

in How the other half lives