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Florence D’Souza

concerned with down-to-earth improvements in the territories under his supervision, in addition to his literary and antiquarian pursuits. Conclusion To conclude, we can observe that neither the Romanticist nor the Utilitarian approach won complete sway in the policy decisions of the East India Company in India during the period between 1817 and 1857. While the Utilitarians (like James Mill

in Knowledge, mediation and empire
Author: Heather Walton

This book generates a critical framework through which to interrogate the way in which religious feminists have employed women's literature in their texts. This is in order that both the way we read literature and the literature we read might be subject to scrutiny, and that new reading practices be developed. Having both the critical and constructive agenda, this is a book in two parts. The first part locates the study of the use of women's writing by religious feminists in a much wider frame than has previously been attempted. In the past individual religious feminists have been criticised, often publicly and loudly, for the use they have made of particular literary texts. Having critically surveyed previously unacknowledged constraints under which religious feminists read women's literature, the second part of the book explores how the work of women poststructuralist thinkers and theorists can enrich the reading practices. It offers alternative models for an engagement between literature and theology. Julia Kristeva is best known within the academy for her unorthodox application of Lacanian theory to contemporary culture. Her work challenges religious feminists to reassess the utilitarian approaches to literary texts and enquire into whether these might have a more powerful political role when their status as literature is recognised and affirmed. The book elucidates Luce Irigaray's thinking on sexual difference and also demonstrates its significance for feminist religious readers.

Adrian O’Connor

political condition of Louis XV’s France. Combining radically sensationist views of the mind with a utilitarian approach to politics, Helvétius’s works presented a world in which Education and an ambivalent Enlightenment 35 education was saturated with social and political significance and social and political circumstances were inescapably educative. The corollary to his claim that education can do anything was, as a result, a sense that education takes place everywhere.29 These points were central to his 1758 work, De l’Esprit, and then to his later De l

in In pursuit of politics
William Burchell’s Travels in the Interior of Southern Africa
Matthew Shum

This chapter examines William Burchell’s Travels in the Interior of Southern Africa. It begins by examining Burchell’s status as a naturalist and argues that, though his observations were to be used by others for instrumental purposes, his understanding of the natural world was primarily guided by an ‘Orphic’ rather than a utilitarian approach. The bulk of the chapter then considers Burchell’s volatile relations with Indigenous people, in particular the San. Central to my consideration of these interactions is the fact that Burchell travelled mainly as a lone European, without any significant ability to impose his will on the people he encountered. He was thus acutely dependent on the degree of reciprocation he received from Indigenous people. To navigate this uncertain human territory, Burchell employs the literary registers of the ‘man of feeling’. The result is a revealing if uneven attempt at sympathetic interaction that opens up the possibility of transactional rather than hierarchical modes of relationship in the colonial context.

in Worlding the south
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Duncan Wheeler

participating in parliamentary politics until the emergence of Podemos. She was elected an MP and became the cultural spokes(wo)man in the Madrid Assembly, joining Íñigo Errejón in splinter group Más Madrid after he broke away from Podemos. Beirak respects the labour carried out by the PSOE in relation to the institutionalisation of the Ministry, but contends that neither this nor the PP’s more financially utilitarian approach envisages access to culture as a basic human right. Her understanding of the role of politicians is that they provide infrastructure and resources to

in Following Franco
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Heather Walton

placing it in opposition to the excessive authoritarianism of paternal domination. Her work ascribes a greater transformative potential to literature than we have encountered up till now. It thus challenges religious feminists to reassess our utilitarian approaches to literary texts and enquire into whether these might have a more powerful political role when their status as literature is recognised and affirmed. To assess the significance of Luce Irigaray’s work for feminist religious readers requires us to enter into an alternative conceptual space where language is

in Literature, theology and feminism
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James Tod’s role in knowledge exchanges with the Rajputs
Florence D’Souza

Chapter 5 , ‘Tod’s Romantic approach as opposed to James Mill’s Utilitarian approach to British government in India’, puts side by side the ideological contexts and publications of James Mill (1773–1836) and James Tod (1782–1835), which appear on the surface to be diametrically opposed. Mill never visited India, adhered to Jeremy Bentham’s rational Utilitarian philosophy and published in 1817 his History

in Knowledge, mediation and empire
Allyn Fives

programme, but they disagree about why this is the case. Similarly, we know from the history of political thought that utilitarians have been among the most vocal and influential champions of individual liberty (Mill, 1985 [1859]). However, once again, the utilitarian commitment to rights of liberty is conditional: we should protect rights of liberty, but only insofar as, in doing so, we best promote utility. Sharing lives, shaping values, and voluntary civic education233 We have also referred to the utilitarian approach to moral conflict (see Chapter 3). As we saw

in Evaluating parental power
Ruth Macklin

’; but as already mentioned, there may be myriad ways of interpreting and applying a public health conception. In the context of providing ART to HIV-infected individuals, a utilitarian approach could call for treating the greatest number of people, even if some (e.g. the sickest) could benefit only temporarily before their overall health status worsens. On this view, health benefits would be maximised even though the sickest people would receive a small amount of benefit. This would appear to be consistent with Harris’s equal opportunity principle. On a different and

in From reason to practice in bioethics
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John M. MacKenzie

also all unexplored areas of the globe. Formal and informal empires were as one in this surge towards classification and the creation of the stratigraphical map of the world. As always, pure and utilitarian approaches were yoked in uneasy partnership, but geology’s power to release both precious metals like gold and more workaday resources like coal were crucial in the developing institutionalisation

in Imperialism and the natural world