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Louise Zamparutti

This essay analyses the literature on the foibe to illustrate a political use of human remains. The foibe are the deep karstic pits in Istria and around Trieste where Yugoslavian Communist troops disposed of Italians they executed en masse during World War II. By comparing contemporary literature on the foibe to a selection of archival reports of foibe exhumation processes it will be argued that the foibe literature popular in Italy today serves a political rather than informational purpose. Counterpublic theory will be applied to examine how the recent increase in popular foibe literature brought the identity of the esuli, one of Italy‘s subaltern counterpublics, to the national stage. The paper argues that by employing the narrative structure of the Holocaust, contemporary literature on the foibe attempts to recast Italy as a counterpublic in the wider European public sphere, presenting Italy as an unrecognised victim in World War II.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Clara Eroukhmanoff

unease that come with a direct request. The de-affectivisation of indirect securitisation contributes to a great degree to the perpetuation of covert forms of racism, and also nurtures white victimhood in the US. De-affectivisation allows citizens not to feel emotionally implicated in discrimination against minorities in the war on terrorism and emboldens white supremacists’ claim that there is a ‘silent majority’ (or even silenced majority) that is under attack in the US. President Trump can both send a signal to his supporter base that Muslims are a threat and

in The securitisation of Islam
Gothic Continuities, Feminism and Postfeminism in the Neo-Gothic Film
Helen Hanson

The article seeks to explore questions of fictional female victimhood by examining feminist and post-feminist critical engagements with the Gothic heroine figure. The paper traces instances of this figure in literary and filmic versions of the ‘female gothic’ narrative, focusing in particular on the female gothic film cycle of the 1940s, in films such as Rebecca (1940) and Suspicion (1941), and the cycles recurrence in more contemporary female-addressed suspense thrillers, such as Deceived (1991), Sleeping with the Enemy (1991), Shadow of Doubt (1998), and What Lies Beneath (2000). The paper reveals that the neo-gothic heroine condenses key issues pertinent to shifts in feminist and post-feminist critique, such as woman-as-victim, negotiations about the meanings of femininity, and the relationship between women and domestic space.

Gothic Studies
Open Access (free)
Jeffrey Flynn

helped fuel the efforts of more ‘non-political’ organisations like Oxfam, which ‘sought to recast “Biafra” as a space of victimhood, standing in isolation from the political agency of a secessionist movement’ (133). The costs of such depoliticising are by now well-known. For example, as Heerten aptly asks, ‘who, in the end, thinks a people symbolized by starving infants to be capable of creating a state?’ (139). This is the damage done when people are fed a steady diet of

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Corporations, Celebrities and the Construction of the Entrepreneurial Refugee Woman
Annika Bergman Rosamond and Catia Gregoratti

intervention, Chandra Talpade Mohanty (1984) critiques the development field for being located within a western hegemony that indiscriminately attributes victimhood to all third world women. Postcolonial feminists have attended to critiquing ongoing colonial constructions of refugee women as a homogenous group bound by a shared, cross-cultural form of oppression. Prior to the mid-1980s, little attention was paid to gender issues in refugee policy, practice and research ( Baines, 2004 ; Olivius

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Dispelling Misconceptions about Sexual Violence against Men and Boys in Conflict and Displacement
Heleen Touquet, Sarah Chynoweth, Sarah Martin, Chen Reis, Henri Myrttinen, Philipp Schulz, Lewis Turner, and David Duriesmith

well as its primary consequence ( Lewis, 2014 ; Sivakumaran, 2005 ). Yet the idea of ‘emasculation’ through ‘feminisation’ implies that men/boy survivors are forever deprived of their masculinity. This does not accord with the lived realities of survivors. Further, these framings are founded upon misogynist and homophobic assumptions regarding the nature of gendered victimhood. Emasculation is predominantly understood as the ultimate loss of manhood, and

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
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Politics and society in Northern Ireland over half a century

After three decades of violence, Northern Ireland has experienced unprecedented peace. It is now generally accepted that the peace accord which ended the Northern Ireland conflict, the 1998 Belfast Agreement, is an exemplar of this trend. This book examines the impact of the 1998 Agreement which halted the violence on the Northern Irish people. It covers changes in public opinion across all areas of society and politics, including elections, education, community relations and national identity. The surveys presented show that despite peace, Protestants and Catholics remain as deeply divided as ever. The book examines the development of the theory of consociationalism and how it has been woven into the intellectual debate about the nature of the Northern Ireland conflict. The role of religion in conflict transformation has emerged as an important issue in Northern Ireland. Ethnonationalism in Northern Ireland is fuelled by its multifaceted and complex nature. The constitutional position of Northern Ireland has been the topic of recurring debate since partition in 1920. The role of education in promoting social cohesion in post-conflict societies is often controversial. The book explores both the nature and extent of victimhood and the main perpetrators of the political violence. The key elements of a consociational approach include a grand coalition representing the main segments of society; proportionality in representation; community (segmental) autonomy; and mutual vetoes on key decisions. The main lesson of peace-making in Northern Ireland is that political reform has to be accompanied by social change across the society as a whole.

Bernadette C. Hayes and Ian McAllister

reconciliation should fail (Nagle and Clancy, 2010 ). This chapter focuses on the nature and extent of victimhood in Northern Ireland and public attitudes towards how to deal with the injustices inflicted on them in the past. The first section outlines the nature of the 1998 Belfast Agreement with reference to the rights of victims. The second and third sections, using a range of official government statistics

in Conflict to peace
Abstract only
Clara Eroukhmanoff

nurtures white victimhood in the US. To drive these two claims home, I explored different fields of security and the common security logics that underlie them. Following the work of proponents of the PARIS approach to securitisation on practice and Didier Bigo's writing on ‘security professionals’, Chapter 4 critically reviewed the CT operations conducted in New York, the competition between security experts at the city and federal levels, and the ‘soft’ and ‘hard’ approaches to countering extremism and radicalisation in the US. All in all, security professionals at

in The securitisation of Islam
Abstract only
Neil Collins and David O’Brien

remnants of its victimhood. Box 2.1 Ms Ao Ms Ao is a sprightly eight-two-year-old retired university lecturer. She shares her sparsely furnished flat with her cat Mimi, paying a nominal rent to her former employers. Her living room is decorated with a large photograph of President Xi Jinping and a bright calendar depicting the Liaoning , China’s first aircraft carrier, which was commissioned in 2012. A small Chinese flag is placed in the bowl of plastic fruit on her table. Ms Ao is deeply proud of her homeland and readily praises the

in The politics of everyday China