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Looking for Bosnia

Developed through a series of encounters with a Bosnian Serb soldier Stojan Sokolović, this book is a meditation on the possibilities and limitations of responding to the extreme violence of the Bosnian war. It explores the ethics of confronting the war criminal and investigates the possibility of responsibility not just to victims of war and war crimes, but also to the perpetrators of violence. The book explains how Stojan Sokolović attenuated the author to the fact that he was responsible, to everyone, all the time, and for everything. It exposes the complexity of the categories of good and evil. Silence is also the herald of violence, or its co-conspirator. The author and Stojan Sokolović were trapped in violence, discursive and material, and discursive that leads to material, and material that emanates from and leads back to discursive. Two years after beginning his research into identity and the politics of conflict in Bosnia and Kosovo, the author got the opportunity to visit the region presented itself. According to the vast majority of the literature of the 1990s on Bosnia, it was clear that the biggest problem with nationalist violence and intolerance was to be found in Republika Srpska. The book is the author's discourse on a variety of experiences, including those of ethics, politics, disasters, technologies, fieldwork, adventure tourism, and dilemmas.

War monuments and the contradictions of Japan’s post-imperial commemoration
Barak Kushner

tower was recommissioned to fit into the ‘new democratic’ post-war Japan–a goal both desired by the Japanese people and sanctioned by their American occupiers. After 1945, new structures were created to serve as lieux de mémoire that would replace an imperial, martial form of memory with a new representation of Japan as a victim of war. The iconic ‘love statue’ is a

in Sites of imperial memory
Silvia Salvatici

This short introduction offers an overview on the third part of the book, which opens on the development programmes that, from the early 1950s, made up the main activity of international aid, now fully deployed on a global scale. The aim of these programmes was the economic and social advancement of Third World countries and flanked interventions for the industrialisation and mechanisation of agriculture, projects for sanitation, education and professional training. The areas of activity on which international humanitarianism grew over time became an integral part of development politics. In the late 1960s, the armed conflicts that shook the fragile and still mobile postcolonial set-up brought back to the centre of humanitarian action aid for the victims of war. The conflict immediately following the secession of Biafra from Nigeria (1967–69) was just the first in a series of dramatic events that captured public attention. Such emergencies formed the complicated context in which international aid was mobilised.

in A history of humanitarianism, 1755–1989
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David J. Appleby and Andrew Hopper

books of county treasurers for maimed soldiers will help uncover how welfare systems attempted to cope with the enormous strain of supporting so many victims of war. The project will also address how political considerations and contested memories of the conflict influenced the provision of military welfare to the wounded and bereaved of both sides. In encouraging men to enter military service, Parliament’s leaders used the promise of medical care and pensions to strengthen their war effort and shore up support for their cause. In doing so, the Long Parliament

in Battle-scarred
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American horror comics as Cold War commentary and critique

Printing Terror places horror comics of the mid-twentieth century in dialogue with the anxieties of their age. It rejects the narrative of horror comics as inherently and necessarily subversive and explores, instead, the ways in which these texts manifest white male fears over America’s changing sociological landscape. It examines two eras: the pre-CCA period of the 1940s and 1950s, and the post-CCA era to 1975. The authors examine each of these periods through the lenses of war, gender, and race, demonstrating that horror comics are centred upon white male victimhood and the monstrosity of the gendered and/or racialised other. It is of interest to scholars of horror, comics studies, and American history. It is suitably accessible to be used in undergraduate classes.

Mariusz Korzeniowski

interior in an organised fashion. This more disciplined behaviour was acknowledged by Jerzy de Moldenhower who inspected the activities of CKO in August 1915 as a representative of the Council of the Assemblies of the Polish Relief Organisations for Victims of War (Rada Zjazdów Polskich Organizacji Pomocy Ofiarom Wojny, RZ POPOW), as well as by W. Grabski, Plenipotentiary of CKO and future Prime Minister of the Second Polish Republic.23 Refugees attempted to maintain their dignity. They demonstrated a sense of their national, cultural and linguistic distinctiveness

in Europe on the move
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Kelly-Kate Pease

respected humanitarian NGOs with global reach. These organizations advocate and protect differently. The ICRC uses confidentiality to enhance its ability to negotiate access, while neutrality and impartiality enables the MSF to provide health care almost anywhere in the world. The International Committee of the Red Cross. The ICRC was established in 1863 to provide humanitarian assistance to those who are affected by armed conflict and promote laws to protect the “victims of war.” Henry Dunant, a Swiss businessman, started the movement after witnessing the

in Human rights and humanitarian diplomacy
Place, space and discourse
Editors: Christine Agius and Dean Keep

Identity is often regarded as something that is possessed by individuals, states, and other agents. In this edited collection, identity is explored across a range of approaches and under-explored case studies with a view to making visible its fractured, contingent, and dynamic features. The book brings together themes of belonging and exclusion, identity formation and fragmentation. It also examines how identity functions in discourse, and the effects it produces, both materially and in ideational terms. Taking in case studies from Asia-Pacific, Europe, the Middle East and Latin America, the various chapters interrogate identity through formal governing mechanisms, popular culture and place. These studies demonstrate the complex and fluid nature of identity and identity practices, as well as implications for theorising identity.

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Humanity and relief in war and peace
Rebecca Gill

region where atrocities were committed on all sides and claims to nationhood contested the same territory. 26 Her response on visiting the region in 1913 was correspondingly less Gladstonian than that of most of her Balkan Committee colleagues: the sufferers she encountered were less the victims of a particular oppressor than universal ‘victims of war’. But she was also

in Calculating compassion
Silvia Salvatici

sensibility’, the abolitionist movement and missionary philanthropy are usually placed at the origins of contemporary humanitarianism, commonly understood as the organised aid intended for individual victims of war, natural disasters and disadvantaged economic circumstances in their own countries. It was an organised aid that, over time, was equipped with specific institutions, ad hoc legislation and internationally recognised operating standards. However, everything came into being in the period between the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries with the confirmation of a

in A history of humanitarianism, 1755–1989