This book is about producing video content with a multi-camera set-up. The principles apply whatever the form of distribution: digital network, Internet, mobile phone or 'other'. It is intended to be used alongside practical courses or modules, both in teaching institutions and in professional training environments. The book centres on Health and Safety in TV studios, which are potentially dangerous places. It gives a lot of key information about television studios and the people who work in them. The book focuses on exercises to practise some basic principles and shows how to build on these and develop proposals and projects. It goes into more detail on Drama, Music and Action, both in the context of student projects and in the professional world. The book explains detail of television aspect ratios; and a little about the meanings of Continuity. Since many multi-camera video productions use inserts shot on single camera, there are several references to single-camera shooting. The necessary elements in multi-camera production are: a vision mixer (switcher) for selecting the images to be recorded or transmitted; a Director co-ordinating the content; an assistant to keep track of timings and where the Director is in the script; and a Camera Operator for each camera, with a tally-light to show when the particular camera is on-shot.
Cue and Cut is about producing videocontent with a multi-camera set-up. The principles apply whatever the form of distribution: digital network, Internet, mobile phone or ‘other’. It is intended to be used alongside practical courses or modules, both in teaching institutions and in professional training environments.
Part I centres on Health and Safety in TV studios, which are potentially dangerous places. This is a primary concern and that is why it is given so much space early in this handbook.
Part II gives a lot of key information about television
There is more to it than that: factors like the positioning of the cameras, the framing of shots, the angles, the cutting points and the cutting rate can make the audience feel more (or less) involved with what is going on. On well-written and directed studio dramas, I have often felt that the camera and sound crews, the Vision Mixer and the Director as well as the actors are all taking part in the same performance, rather than merely observing. I’ll come back to drama later.
This book focuses on multi-camera videocontent suitable for
Jonathan Blaney, Sarah Milligan, Marty Steer, and Jane Winters
‘carry out fundamental research to develop next generation computer vision methods that are able to analyse, describe and search image and videocontent with human-like capabilities’. 13 It will take years before these techniques are as well developed as they are for text, but this is arguably the next big challenge for digital history.
AN ENVIRONMENTAL BACKLASH?
We hope you will forgive us for concluding this chapter with a note of caution. Much of this book has concerned how we can work with more: more text, more images, more of everything. The practice of
the popular form of the video bar, a nightlife architectural assemblage
wherein programmed videocontent sets and amplifies the mood of the bar
while providing visual distraction from the sometimes anxious scene of
sociality. In the grimiest (i.e. best) gay bars the videocontent is invariably
pornography. Moseying up to Die Kränken’s bar and watching the video, I
felt a haunting of history. There is a striking gap between being in a gay bar
and being in an exhibition approximating a gay bar. In a bar people talk
and drink, touch and laugh, argue and watch from the
media-production standards (e.g. steady shots, good-quality audio and visual imagery), and Haran brings these qualities to the PTOV project. However, when it comes to content, there is considerable flexibility and potential for innovation in the way you tell a story in a video intended for online consumption. Kim ( 2012 ) suggests that YouTube videocontent, while influenced by the mainstream media genre, tends to be short, humorous and accessible – characteristics not always associated with mainstream broadcast programming. This suggests that people may be looking
Blogs can vary in terms of their thematic content, whether they are text
based or also include audio or videocontent, and in terms of the maximum
lengths of messages they will accommodate. In recent times, micro-blogging
sites that enable users to post very brief messages in live streams and to engage in
almost immediate interactions with others have become very popular. The best
known of these is Twitter. When examining the impact of social media in the
consumer context, however, most attention has been directed towards social
environment has become substantially more complicated with the emergence of
the new media. The advent of the digital age is ambiguous in its implications for
the old medium of television. It clearly dislodges television from its dominant
position overseeing the media industry landscape, and to a lesser extent edges
it away from the centre ground in that landscape. However in other respects,
by reconstructing television on the basis of digital technology and providing
new resources of popular and inexpensive user-generated videocontent, the
operators both favouring their own and affiliated
content providers (‘friends and family’ as I termed it)
using zero rating, especially of videocontent, and discriminating
against rival content by charging extra for service that is barely
different in any respect from standard best efforts Internet traffic
(‘specialised-service your enemies’). The questions from
the workshop suggested that there will be
which content about these contentious parades and protests was shared online. In the case of the YouTube videos analysed in Chapter 4 , videocontent was scrutinised and field notes taken in order to capture the events caught on camera by these eyewitnesses. For Twitter, a coding scheme building on the work of Lotan et al. (2011) was devised to analyse the user profiles identified in the corpora. A total of 10 categories were created to fully capture the range of actors contributing to these Twitter streams, including professional journalists, bloggers, political