Search results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 83 items for :

  • "vulnerable population" x
  • Refine by access: All content x
Clear All
The Oxford Amnesty Lectures 2007

This book examines the intersection between incarceration and human rights. It is about why independent inspection of places of custody is a necessary part of human rights protection, and how that independence is manifested and preserved in practice. Immigration and asylum policies ask crucial questions about national identity, about human rights, and about our values as compassionate citizens in an era of increasingly complex international challenges. The book deals with the future of prisons and shows how the vulnerable population has been unconscionably treated. To arrive at a proper diagnosis of the expansive use and abuse of the prison in the age of economic deregulation and social insecurity, it is imperative that we effect some analytic breaks with the gamut of established approaches to incarceration. The book explores the new realities of criminal confinement of persons with mental illness. It traces the efforts of New Right think-tanks, police chiefs and other policy entrepreneurs to export neoliberal penality to Europe, with England and Wales acting as an 'acclimatization chamber'. In a series of interventions, of which his Oxford Amnesty Lecture is but one, Loic Wacquant has in recent years developed an incisive and invaluable analysis of the rise and effects of what he calls the penal state.

Open Access (free)
Humanity and Solidarity
Tanja R. Müller and Róisín Read

reflections on what solidarity and humanity may mean in times of global crises and fake news. COVID-19 has exposed once more the divide between wealthy nations and the rest ( Ho and Dascalu, 2020 ) – the former not necessarily distributed geographically but in relation to gatekeeping of patent rights and vaccine production facilities. While a small number of countries vaccinates all its populations, with some internal vulnerability ranking in most, for the majority of vulnerable populations globally the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Resilience and the Language of Compassion
Diego I. Meza

Introduction The Colombian government has been engaged in processes of regulating internally displaced persons (IDPs). So, how can we understand the Colombian government’s responses to internal displacement? More specifically, what discourses and practices have been used to regulate this vulnerable population? What are the consequences? To understand the logic of this power apparatus, I focus on psychosocial assistance and on the speeches of President Juan Manuel Santos, using testimonies to show the implementation of humanitarianism, not as an intervention

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Corporations, Celebrities and the Construction of the Entrepreneurial Refugee Woman
Annika Bergman Rosamond and Catia Gregoratti

broadly conceptualised ‘as the increasingly organized and internationalized attempt to save the lives, enhance the welfare, and reduce the suffering of the world’s most vulnerable populations’ ( Barnett, 2013 : 379). Who (mis)represents women, and who besides states and intergovernmental organisations diagnoses deficiencies in a population and proposes schemes of improvement, are open empirical questions ( Marchand and Parpart, 1995 ; Li, 2007 ; Barnett, 2013

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Lessons Learned from an Intervention by Médecins Sans Frontières
Maria Ximena Di Lollo, Elena Estrada Cocina, Francisco De Bartolome Gisbert, Raquel González Juarez, and Ana Garcia Mingo

apparent that the most vulnerable group was the older population living in care homes. Infections and subsequent mortality were accelerating due to the high concentration of older individuals, with many dying in loneliness, unassisted, in inhumane situations. MSF refocused its activities prioritising this vulnerable population. Almost one hundred MSF staff worked for two and a half months on this response. The staff were drawn from different backgrounds, including medical

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Emmanuelle Strub

Somalia, while the looting of humanitarian convoys by armed men on the main roads made regular aid delivery to the IDP (internally displaced person) camps difficult. Was armed protection necessary to ensure access to vulnerable populations? Five years later, in 1997, three MdM-Spain volunteers were killed and a fourth wounded in a targeted attack in Ruhengeri, Northern Rwanda. In Chechnya and the former Yugoslavia, NGO personnel were being kidnapped or targeted. Those incidents made

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Mel Bunce

these forms of disinformation. But they have not yet closely examined their impact in humanitarian crises. This is a remarkable oversight. In humanitarian crises, false information can have life-and-death consequences. As Jeanne Bourgault, President and Chief Executive Officer of Internews, states, false information can ‘undercut efforts to improve health, make disasters worse than they already are, alienate vulnerable populations, and even incite violence’ (quoted in Igoe, 2017 ). This article introduces the emerging research about online

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
The Politics of Information and Analysis in Food Security Crises
Daniel Maxwell and Peter Hailey

to protect their reputations, their budgets and their privileges (but also trying to protect pipelines to vulnerable populations against shortfalls). The second risk is of angering a host government: almost without exception, governments do not like to hear the terms ‘disaster’ or ‘emergency’ without very strong evidence (i.e. a full-blown emergency is already happening), and none likes to hear the word ‘famine’. The third risk is that agencies

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Heather Alexander

agency carrying out statelessness mapping should take into account various existing ethical frameworks for data collection from vulnerable populations, particularly when it comes to agency over data and retention and sharing policies (Greenwood et al., 2017 ). This must involve developing agency-wide ethics guidelines for statelessness mapping that include impact assessments

in Statelessness, governance, and the problem of citizenship
Open Access (free)
Environmental justice and citizen science in a post-truth age
Editors: Thom Davies and Alice Mah

This book examines the relationship between environmental justice and citizen science, focusing on enduring issues and new challenges in a post-truth age. Debates over science, facts, and values have always been pivotal within environmental justice struggles. For decades, environmental justice activists have campaigned against the misuses of science, while at the same time engaging in community-led citizen science. However, post-truth politics has threatened science itself. This book makes the case for the importance of science, knowledge, and data that are produced by and for ordinary people living with environmental risks and hazards. The international, interdisciplinary contributions range from grassroots environmental justice struggles in American hog country and contaminated indigenous communities, to local environmental controversies in Spain and China, to questions about “knowledge justice,” citizenship, participation, and data in citizen science surrounding toxicity. The book features inspiring studies of community-based participatory environmental health and justice research; different ways of sensing, witnessing, and interpreting environmental injustice; political strategies for seeking environmental justice; and ways of expanding the concepts and forms of engagement of citizen science around the world. While the book will be of critical interest to specialists in social and environmental sciences, it will also be accessible to graduate and postgraduate audiences. More broadly, the book will appeal to members of the public interested in social justice issues, as well as community members who are thinking about participating in citizen science and activism. Toxic Truths includes distinguished contributing authors in the field of environmental justice, alongside cutting-edge research from emerging scholars and community activists.