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The First Aid Nursing Yeomanry in the First World War
Author: Janet Lee

Total war tends to create a situation that falls back on established social and cultural discourses and institutional arrangements at the same time that it provides the opportunity for a shifting and renegotiation of these arrangements. This book explores how the First Aid Nursing Yeomanry (FANY) drew upon, and/or subverted cultural mythologies to make sense of their wartime service. It focuses on this renegotiation of gender and examines seven key themes implicit in this process. The first theme concerns the ways women's military organizations utilized traditional notions of genteel femininity and its accompanying nurturance, cheerfulness and devotion in their promise of service, yet went beyond the parameters of such cultural mythologies. The second focuses on the gendering of military heroism. The third theme addresses the context of female military service in terms of the preparation women received, the opportunities they were given and the risks they took, and focuses on their coping behaviours. Theme four focuses specifically on women's transgression into the masculine terrain of driving and mechanics and shares the ways they developed skills and competencies previously off-limits for women. Such transgressions almost invariably led to women having to negotiate masculine authority and develop skills in autonomy, independence and assertiveness - the focus of theme five. The last two themes discussed in the book address the integration and consolidation of women's organizations as the war progressed and their service became indispensable.

Charlotte Dale

Princess Christian, Queen Victoria’s daughter, 62 Nurses during the Anglo-Boer War as its president (henceforth PCANSR).17 Its aim was to guarantee sufficient numbers of trained nursing staff in the event of war, while preventing an influx of unqualified volunteers, such as the ‘lady war tourists’ who had meddled in the nursing management during the Crimean War.18 The establishment of the PCANSR was not universally welcomed: at least one national newspaper charged that wartime service held a ‘rather romantic glamour’ whereby an ‘average nurse’ could experience the

in Colonial caring
Charles I and Catholics in the Wars of the Three Kingdoms
Scott Sowerby

Catholics fought on both the royalist and parliamentarian sides during the Wars of the Three Kingdoms, as both sides skirted religious tests meant to deprive Catholics of access to arms in a rush to win the war. The force of necessity provided leverage to the Catholic minority, as their wartime service enabled them to press for religious liberties they had been unable to secure in peacetime. Though these efforts ultimately failed, the negotiations over Catholic toleration during the Civil Wars demonstrate that, under the right circumstances, a minority group could wield a surprising amount of power in a divided society.

in Revolutionising politics
Women on the home front and in the services
Wendy Ugolini

the freedom of the parent. As with men, narratives of women highlight the ways in which Italian Scottish families internally and privately negotiated the acceptable boundaries of involvement in war work. Overall, Anna Fergusson presents the most positive and untroubled account of her wartime service. Born in 1925 in Alloa to an Italian father and Scottish mother, she volunteered aged sixteen to join her two sisters in the local shipyards via Harland’s Engineering. Yet even within her narrative, the problems faced by Italian families in Scodand are subdy indicated

in Experiencing war as the ‘enemy other’
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Daniel Owen Spence

were highlighted by the transnational encounters that imperial and wartime service exposed colonial servicemen to, and culminated in cases of indiscipline, protest and desertion by Caymanians, Trinidadians, East African Luo, Hong Kong Chinese, and Malays in Ceylon. Competing forms of nationalism would ultimately dismantle both the REAN and plans for a RWIN, as well as impair the

in Colonial naval culture and British imperialism, 1922–67
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American horror comics as Cold War commentary and critique

Printing Terror places horror comics of the mid-twentieth century in dialogue with the anxieties of their age. It rejects the narrative of horror comics as inherently and necessarily subversive and explores, instead, the ways in which these texts manifest white male fears over America’s changing sociological landscape. It examines two eras: the pre-CCA period of the 1940s and 1950s, and the post-CCA era to 1975. The authors examine each of these periods through the lenses of war, gender, and race, demonstrating that horror comics are centred upon white male victimhood and the monstrosity of the gendered and/or racialised other. It is of interest to scholars of horror, comics studies, and American history. It is suitably accessible to be used in undergraduate classes.

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Defender of the traditional university
Philip G. Altbach

11 Edward Shils: defender of the traditional university Philip G. Altbach Edward Shils was a creature of the university – spending most of his life in the groves of academe from the time he obtained his bachelor’s degree in European languages and literature in 1931 at the University of Pennsylvania until he died in 1995. He left academic life only for a few years of wartime service during the Second World War (MacLeod, 2016). Higher education, and especially the research university, was an abiding interest and concern for his entire career – and a topic to which

in The calling of social thought
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Timothy Bowman

, the formation and early combat experience of the 36th (Ulster) Division, although it should be stressed that Perry’s article does demonstrate a number of the problems which this formation experienced, when it first arrived on the Western Front, which were ignored by Orr.4 The wartime service of the Royal Munster Fusiliers has been considered, in detail, by Martin Staunton,5 while the whole issue of Irish recruitment has received detailed attention from Patrick Callan, T. P. Dooley, David Fitzpatrick, Eric Mercer and Nicholas Perry.6 Keith Jeffery has written on the

in The Irish regiments in the Great War
The Emergency Hospital Services in Second World War Northern Ireland
Seán Lucey

. 62 National Archives, Kew (hereafter Kew), HLG7/427, ‘Wartime Services Expenditure – Northern Ireland, HC Chatfield, Ministry of Health to E. Hale, Treasury Chambers’, 16 August 1941. 63 Kew, HLG/7/427, ‘Wartime Services Expenditure – Northern Ireland, Hale to

in Medicine, health and Irish experiences of conflict 1914–45
Open Access (free)
Pat Jackson’s White Corridors
Charles Barr

work of the various wartime service units. With the end of the war, the demand for such films had, as we have seen, tailed off, to the dismay of the left-leaning documentary loyalists who hoped that a Labour government would make imaginative use of them to promote its social agenda. Instead, Labour acquiesced in the contraction of official film sponsorship and in the

in British cinema of the 1950s