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German civilian and combatant internees during the First World War
Author: Panikos Panayi

This book recognizes three types of internees in First World War Britain. They are: civilians already present in the country in August 1914; civilians brought to Britain from all over the world; and combatants, primarily soldiers from the western front. Soldiers from the western front included naval personnel and a few members of zeppelin crews whose vessels fell to earth. These three groups faced different internment experiences, particularly in terms of the length of time they spent behind barbed wire and their ability to work. Many combatants viewed internment almost as a relief from the fighting they had experienced on the western front, while, for civilians, the spell behind barbed wire represented their key wartime experience. Throughout the narrative, from the first days behind barbed wire until the last, the book recognizes the varying experiences faced by the differing groups of prisoners. Nevertheless, one needs to consider all internees together because they became victims of one of the first mass incarcerations in history. While the prisoner of war has a long history, imprisonment on the scale practised in the First World War, by both Britain and the other belligerent states, of both soldiers and civilians, represents a new phenomenon.

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Representing Jewish wartime experience in French crime fiction of the 1950s and 1960s
Claire Gorrara

•  2  • Forgotten crimes: representing Jewish  wartimeexperience in French crime fiction  of the 1950s and 1960s The 1950s and early 1960s in France have been discussed as years given  over  to  a  repression  of  the  multiple  histories  and  memories  of  the  occupation. In her study of crises of memory and the Second World War,  Susan  Rubin  Suleiman  encapsulates  these  dominant  perceptions  when  she  refers  to  a  ‘forced  amnesia’,  reinforced  in  the  legal  sphere  by  a  series of amnesties which freed the majority of French men and women  who

in French crime fiction and the Second World War
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Sue Wheatcroft

 the current imbalance in the historical record. In doing this, the book discusses the policies and procedures that shaped the children’s wartime experiences, and the personnel and institutions that were responsible for their welfare. It examines how the children coped on a day-­to-­day basis: the conditions in which the disabled evacuees lived, and how those who were not evacuated, for whatever reason, were cared for and educated. In short, the book presents a broad overview of the development of policy towards disabled children during the war and the way they were dealt

in Worth saving
Wartime travel to southern Africa, race and the discourse of opportunity
Jean P. Smith

wartime experience, Salter moved to southern Africa after the war. She described her return to Britain as ‘an anti-climax’, and after securing a nursing contract in Southern Rhodesia through a surgeon she had met during the war, she returned in 1947. Aboard the RMMV Cape Town Castle she found herself among ‘a venturesome crowd of mostly ex-service men and women, now thoroughly sick and tired of the gloom and dreary atmosphere, rations and restrictions of post-war Britain … running away to make a new life for themselves in

in Settlers at the end of empire
Matt Perry

perennial at NUDAW ADMs.231 His tone could be highly condescending and anti-feminist.232 In an article to New Leader, he sniped that she was a conceited intellectual and wasted time discussing German police women’s uniforms.233 Wilkinson’s intellectual development bore hallmarks of her wartime experiences. The AUCE’s adoption of industrial unionism with its emphasis upon militant grassroots activity reinforced Wilkinson’s commitment to extra-parliamentary politics. With Wilkinson, however, hers was the paradoxical industrial unionism of the left trade union official. As

in ‘Red Ellen’ Wilkinson
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Middle-class men and the First World War
Laura Ugolini

who had no part of it could afford the luxury of recollection’.1 In a way, of course, he was right. As a number of historians have observed, many returning combatants wished for nothing better than to retreat to their old civilian lives, to home and family, and put their wartime experiences behind them: ‘the average man thought fondly of stepping back into civvies and resuming his original job, with the sole difference that he would no longer be “b … d” about by people in authority’.2 In another way, however, Drew was quite wrong: not only did many ex

in Civvies
Juliette Pattinson

Australian mini-series about her wartime experiences resisting the Nazi occupation of France. Aware that Wake had spent several months living and working with seven thousand maquisards on the hillsides of the Auvergne, the producer, who was keen to inject more romance, had said: ‘You must have had a love affair in the mountains?’ Wake recognised that despite being accepted by the men any overt reminders of her femininity would result in her losing their regard and admiration. Being a woman in this very masculine environment had its complications and over several gin and

in Behind Enemy Lines
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The meaning of food to New Zealand and Australian nurses far from home in World War I, 1915–18
Pamela J. Wood and Sara Knight

leisure, nurses’ experience of food served to highlight the stark difference and distance between war and home. This chapter is a cultural history of the meaning of food to New Zealand and Australian nurses as they struggled, coped and tried to make sense of their wartime experiences. The taste of war was just one aspect of nurses’ embodied experience but was a strong feature of their letters and diaries. New Zealand and Australian nurses wrote from a wide range of locations, including Lemnos, Salonika, Egypt, Turkey, Mesopotamia, Serbia, France and Britain. They wrote

in Histories of nursing practice
Laura Ugolini

paterfamilias. Finally, the chapter concludes by focusing in greater detail on one particular relationship: that between fathers and sons, and particularly civilian fathers and combatant sons, questioning whether wartime experiences and events led to a renegotiation of roles and responsibilities across generations. Disruptions For the duration of the conflict, it was from the men (and some women) who wrote to him or visited the vicarage that Andrew Clark obtained much of the information and opinions that formed the basis of his wartime diary. The purpose of Dr Smallwood

in Civvies
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Daniel Owen Spence

travelled to serve in the TRNVR’. 103 As with the sailors, the collective wartime experience at home strengthened Caymanian identity beyond skin colour, with the Islanders united in prayer for the safe return of their men. Conclusion Prior to the Second World War, Caymanian sailors were not conscious of their relative professional standing, it was a

in Colonial naval culture and British imperialism, 1922–67