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Wider Europe, weaker Europe?

The first European Union's (EU) enlargement of the twenty-first century coincides with a period of international tension and transition. Tensions have been apparent over: the war in Iraq, the 'War on Terror', immigration, organised crime, ethnic confrontation, human rights, energy resources and the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD). The EU has made genuine progress in developing its security policies since the launch of the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) and Justice and Home Affairs (JHA) in the Treaty on European Union (TEU). This book examines the impact that enlargement will have on leadership within the EU, a pre-requisite for policy coherence. It focuses on what has been Europe's most significant region in terms of security challenges and international responses since the end of the Cold War: the Balkan. The book provides an overview of the foreign policy priorities and interests of the new member states (NMS), highlighting areas of match and mismatch with those of the EU fifteen. Counter-terrorism has emerged from the shadows of the EU's Third Pillar, and has been propelled to the forefront of the EU's internal agenda, driven by the demands of the 'War on Terror'. The book discusses the core elements of the EU's emerging common external border management, with a focus on the creation of the EU's new External Borders Agency and the Schengen Borders Code. While the first two are declarative partnership and declarative negativism, the last two reflect the struggle between pragmatism and Soviet-style suspicion of Western bureaucrats.

John F. Kerry

had recently returned from an extensive tour of the Middle East and South Asia, which had taken in both Iraq and Afghanistan. He focused upon two outstanding issues, each central to an understanding of security; namely, America’s relations with the Islamic world, so often the fount of mutual mistrust and misunderstanding, and the weapons of mass destruction which had threatened the future of humankind since their first appearance in 1945. What he had to say speaks for itself, an eloquent plea in the first instance for mutual tolerance and understanding between the

in Peacemaking in the twenty-first century
Evil, Privation and the Absent Logos in Richard Marsh‘s The Beetle
Simon Marsden

This essay explores the influence of the theological tradition of privation theory upon Richard Marsh‘s novel The Beetle (1897). Focusing on images of ontological nothingness, corruption and uncreation, it argues that the novel employs the concept of privation both in its depiction of the supernatural Other and in its parallel interrogation of its contemporary modernity. Imagery of privation in the novel is associated not only with the Beetle itself, but with the modern urban environment and weapons of mass destruction. The essay concludes by examining the corruption of language and absence of a creative logos able to respond adequately to the privations of the modern city and industrial economy.

Gothic Studies
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William J. Clinton

, everywhere from Northern Ireland to the Middle East, from the tribal conflicts in Africa to the Balkans, the great conflict of this new century is between the forces of integration and harmony, democracy, diversity, peace, trade, information technology, shared advances in health and sciences, a raid against the forces of disintegration, chaos, terror, weapons of mass destruction, environmental destruction, poverty, disease, ignorance, racial, religious, ethnic and tribal hatred. These conflicts didn’t just happen, they are rooted in painful truths about the modern world in

in Peacemaking in the twenty-first century
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Where Do We Go Now?
François Burgat

even for the most abrupt ethical and political shortcuts of our Israeli ally: these lead only to exacerbating the radical, reactive threat which these policies are precisely supposed to preserve us from. Where do we go now? … Sharing—or Terror What is it, then, that I have, it seems, failed to convey over these three decades? That the weapon of mass destruction against terrorism has already been invented. One thing lies at the root of the repeated failure of our

in Understanding Political Islam
Official inquiries into prewar UK intelligence on Iraq
Mark Phythian

most dangerous commodity in the whole realm of secret information. (Ian Fleming, Thunderball ) 1 As Chapter 5 demonstrated, the decision to go to war in Iraq did not arise as a consequence of current intelligence on the threat represented by Iraq’s weapons of mass destruction (WMD) programs. However, this should not obscure the

in Intelligence and national security policymaking on Iraq
Decisionmaking, intelligence, and the case for war in Iraq
Mark Phythian

most divisive war since Suez, against the prospect of which millions had marched in protest, Blunkett felt that: “It was important to be really supportive of Tony at Cabinet, and when I saw him privately afterwards he was very grateful.” 15 The Butler review of prewar intelligence on Iraqi weapons of mass destruction (WMD) 16 was critical of Blair’s approach to Cabinet government, concluding that

in Intelligence and national security policymaking on Iraq
Issues for the intelligence community
Richard Kerr, Thomas Wolfe, Rebecca Donegan, and Aris Pappas

problems, not to be repeated, or is it symptomatic of deeper problems? Principal findings of the earlier reports The central focus of national intelligence reporting and analysis prior to the war was the extent of the Iraqi programs for developing weapons of mass destruction (WMD). The analysis on this issue by the intelligence community clearly was wide of

in Intelligence and national security policymaking on Iraq
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Philip Hammond

The last of our case studies concerns another conflict which, at the time of writing, is still ongoing: the invasion and occupation of Iraq. Military action was launched by a US-led coalition on 20 March 2003 as a ‘pre-emptive’ strike, justified mainly through allegations (subsequently proven to be false) that Iraq possessed ‘weapons of mass destruction’ (WMD). A secondary

in Framing post-Cold War conflicts
Kevin Harrison and Tony Boyd

the central feature of the state. While legal state sovereignty remains intact, it is the erosion of practical state sovereignty that will determine the validity of the concept of the state in the future. We will look here at the major challenges to practical state sovereignty in the modern world: The structure of international society; The impact of globalisation ; the spread of weapons of mass destruction; the growth of informal ties; the

in Understanding political ideas and movements