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Global processes, local challenges

This book is a tribute to Enzo Mingione and his contribution to the fields of sociology and urban studies on the occasion of his retirement. It touches upon the processes of transformation of cities to the informal economy, from the Fordist crisis to the rediscovery of poverty, from the welfare state and welfare policies to migration and the transformation of work. These themes constitute the analytical building blocks of this book on the transitions that Western capitalist societies are undergoing. The book focuses on social foundations of Western capitalism, explaining how socio-economic and institutional complementarities that characterised postwar capitalism created relatively integrated socio-economic regimes, It has five thematic sections reflecting five areas of capitalism, the search interests of Enzo Mingione. The first discusses the transformations of global capitalism, addressing how capitalism works and how it changes. The second provides insights into the mechanisms of re-embedding, in particular how welfare policies are part of a societal reaction to capitalism's disruptive dynamic. The third addresses some main challenges that citizenship systems established in the post-war period have had to face, from the spread of new employment regimes to new migratory flows. The fourth addresses cities and their transformation and the final section addresses poverty and its spatial dimension as a crucial lens through which to understand the differentiated impact of the processes of change in Western capitalist societies, both in socio-economic and spatial terms.

Donnacha Seán Lucey

chapter’s focus is largely on the KBHPA and provides a case study of local authority child welfare ­­policies. Women, children and home assistance The early Free State poor law reforms extended women’s entitlement to relief. Under the pre-1921 system, able-bodied single women, widows with one child, deserted wives and women whose husbands were in jail or in asylums were not eligible for outdoor relief.1 These restrictions were removed under the 1923 Local Government (Temporary Provisions) Act, and entitlement to home assistance was notionally based on need, regardless

in The end of the Irish Poor Law?
Donnacha Seán Lucey

poor were neglected’. John Good – the Cork Labourite who resisted the vice-guardians’ workhouse regime during the early 1920s – stated that the decreases were brought about by the wish to justify the Free State’s administrative reforms. He claimed that a ‘system of economy’ was adopted to demonstrate that the previous poor law was ‘extravagant’, but he believed the ‘economies practised’ in the early 1920s were now ‘coming home to roost’.148 Harsh attitudes towards the poor were far from dominant in Irish society and local authority welfare policies which denigrated

in The end of the Irish Poor Law?
Open Access (free)
Conceptual and ethodological challenges for comparative analysis
Agnieszka Piasna, Brendan Burchell, Kirsten Sehnbruch, and Nurjk Agloni

specialisation of countries or the macro-economic policy, but also the interactions between various rules and institutions. Such complexity prompted the development of various typologies (e.g. varieties of capitalism, welfare state regimes) to facilitate comparative analysis of social models. To allow for comparative analysis of job quality, we position jobs in the wider societal system (including the legal framework, welfare policy and structural features of the labour market), yet draw a line between the context in which a job is performed and the attributes of that job

in Making work more equal
An overview of main topics
Ricard Zapata-Barrero

begin by briefly considering seven areas framing and justifying empirically the context of the theoretical framework of multiple diversities, namely: (a) the distribution of powers within the decentralized structure of the Spanish State; (b) welfare policies; (c) immigrant ­­associations; (d) citizenship policy focus; (e) Muslim immigrant communities; (f) gender policies related to immigration; and (g) identity. This overview of what we call ‘the governance of immigration in Spain’ will allow us to introduce this practical approach before going into the broad

in Diversity management in Spain
Abstract only
Memory and history in settler colonialism
Annie E. Coombes

various strategies for self-fashioning across the boundaries of public and private, individual and collective, national and imperial, indigenous and colonial domains. The essays in Part I, ‘Colonial culture: institutions and practices’, focus on colonial administrative structures and their intersection with the emergence of settler civil society in terms of welfare policy, regional colonial administration, the development of labour unions and their relationship with and part in the creation of foundational national myths

in Rethinking settler colonialism
Abstract only
Barbara Hately-Broad

Conclusions What conclusions then can be drawn about the development of British welfare policy from this study of service families in general and prisoner of war families in particular during the Second World War? Firstly, it is clear that government agencies largely ignored the experiences of the First World War in relation to both service allowances and prisoner of war matters. During this war many service families had suffered financial hardship because of delays in payment of both Family and Dependants’ Allowances. Despite the fact that SSAFA drew this to

in War and welfare
Liene Ozoliņa

to pass judgment. This rhetoric of empowerment resonated with the crowds, as thousands of individuals repeated her words in unison. I still remember the strong emotions that overcame me as I was watching this live on TV, as well as my attempt to resist those emotions as somehow shameful. I found myself moved by her words against my will. This desire to undo learned helplessness meant that social welfare policies, including support for the unemployed, were being drafted anew. Whereas previously everybody had been entitled to state support, in post-1991 Latvia the

in Politics of waiting
History and memory in Australia, Canada, Aotearoa New Zealand and South Africa

In Australia, Aotearoa New Zealand, Canada and South Africa indigenous peoples were displaced, marginalised and sometimes subjected to attempted genocide through the colonial process. This book is a collection of essays that focuses on the ways the long history of contact between indigenous peoples and the heterogeneous white colonial communities has been obscured, narrated and embodied in public culture. The essays and artwork in this book insist that an understanding of the political and cultural institutions and practices which shaped settler-colonial societies in the past can provide important insights into how this legacy of unequal rights can be contested in the present. The essays in the first part of the book focus on colonial administrative structures and their intersection with the emergence of settler civil society in terms of welfare policy, regional colonial administration, and labour unions. The second section focuses on the struggles over the representation of national histories through the analyses of key cultural institutions and monuments, both historically and in terms of contemporary strategies. The third section provides comparative instances of historical and contemporary challenges to the colonial legacy from indigenous and migrant communities. The final section of the book explores some of the different voices and strategies for articulating the complexities of lived experience in transforming societies with a history of settler colonialism.

Welfare and healthcare reform in revolutionary and independent Ireland

This book explores welfare provision in Ireland from the revolutionary period to the 1940s, This work is a significant addition to the growing historiography of twentieth-century Ireland which moves beyond political history. It demonstrates that concepts of respectability, deservingness, and social class where central dynamics in Irish society and welfare practices. This book provides the first major study of local welfare practices, policies, and attitudes towards poverty and the poor in this era.

This book’s exploration of the poor law during revolutionary and independent Ireland provides fresh and original insights into this critical juncture in Irish history. It charts the transformation of the former workhouse system into a network of local authority welfare and healthcare institutions including county homes, county and hospital hospitals, and mother and baby homes. This book provides historical context to current day debates and controversies relating to the institutionalisation of unwed mothers and child welfare policies.

This book undertakes two cases studies on county Kerry and Cork city; also, Irish experiences are placed against the backdrop of wider transnational trends.

This work has multiple audiences and will appeal to those interested in Irish social, culture, economic and political history. This book will also appeal to historians of welfare, the poor law, and the social history of medicine. It also informs modern-day social affairs.