The effect of family status on well-being
While much research has documented the major demographic changes
that have been taking place in our society and in societies around us, little
research has examined the effects of these changes on people’s well-being.
A major focus of the present study was to examine the effect of family status, i.e. being single, married or cohabiting, on people’s well-being. In addition, we examined the effect of having or not having children on people’s
well-being. The study included a wide range of measures of well-being, many
The well-being of Europe’s citizens depends less on individual consumption and more on their social consumption of essential goods and services – from water and retail banking to schools and care homes – in what we call the foundational economy. Individual consumption depends on market income, while foundational consumption depends on social infrastructure and delivery systems of networks and branches, which are neither created nor renewed automatically, even as incomes increase. This historically created foundational economy has been wrecked in the last generation by privatisation, outsourcing, franchising and the widespread penetration of opportunistic and predatory business models. The distinctive, primary role of public policy should therefore be to secure the supply of basic services for all citizens (not a quantum of economic growth and jobs). Reconstructing the foundational has to start with a vision of citizenship that identifies foundational entitlements as the conditions for dignified human development, and likewise has to depend on treating the business enterprises central to the foundational economy as juridical persons with claims to entitlements but also with responsibilities and duties. If the aim is citizen well-being and flourishing for the many not the few, then European politics at regional, national and EU level needs to be refocused on foundational consumption and securing universal minimum access and quality. If/when government is unresponsive, the impetus for change has to come from engaging citizens locally and regionally in actions which break with the top down politics of ‘vote for us and we will do this for you’.
Bringing together research on textual representations of various forms of positive feeling in early modern Europe, this collection of essays highlights the diverse and nuanced cultural meanings of happiness and well-being in this period, which is often characterized as a melancholy age. Interdisciplinary methodological approaches—informed by emotion studies, affect theory, and the contemporary cognitive sciences—provide various frames for understanding how the period cultivated and theorized positive emotions, as well as how those emotions were deployed in political, social, and intellectual contexts. Pointing to the ways the binary between positive and negative might be inadequate to describe emotive structures and narratives, the essays promote analysis of new archives and offer surprising readings of some texts at the center of the Renaissance canon. In addition to an introduction that provides an overview of work in contemporary studies of positive emotions and historical accounts of good feeling in early modern Europe, the book includes three sections: 1) rewriting discourses of pleasure, 2) imagining happy communities, and 3) forms, attachment, and ambivalence. The essays focus on works by such writers as Burton, Montaigne, Shakespeare, Traherne, and Webster, as well as on other kinds of texts circulating in the period. While focused on English writings, essays on continental writers contribute to a wider context for understanding these emotions as European cultural constructions. Finally, the volume offers windows onto the complex histories of happiness, well-being, humor, and embodiment that inform the ways emotions are experienced and negotiated in the present day.
As the globalization of democracy becomes increasingly palpable, the political obstacles to its achievement become overshadowed by more vexing questions concerning the very nature of democracy itself. This book examines some of the philosophical and theoretical debates underlying the 'democratic project' which increasingly dominates the field of comparative development. The first concern presented is normative and epistemological: as democracy becomes widely accepted as the political currency of legitimacy, the more broadly it is defined. The second issue examined refers to the claims being made regarding how best to secure a democratic system in developing states. The book shows how 'democracy' has quickly become, both academically and politically, all things to all people: it represents a philosophical ideal, a political strategy, and an instrument of economic well-being. It looks at some of the philosophical debates underlying democracy in order to explain why it has evolved into such an ambiguous concept. The book surveys the arguments supporting the expansion of 'democracy' from its individualistic orientations to an account more able to accommodate the concerns and aspirations of groups. Critical assessments of these new trends in democratic theory are presented. The book examines the political contexts within which debates about democratization are centred. A discussion on the claim that a robust democracy depends upon our ability to 'strengthen civil society', follows. The book situates the debate over democracy and development more closely by examining the political context surrounding the inflation of democratic meaning. It examines the consequences of the globalization of democratic norms.
Why Building Back Better Means More than Structural Safety
than shelter: it is an essential step on the pathway to recovery. Certainly, structural safety is one aspect of this journey, but health, livelihood and general well-being are of equal and day-to-day importance. While the emotional, conscious and unconscious attachment to a home are of undeniable importance, the fabric of the house itself will also contribute directly to the recovery and well-being of a family and, by extension, a community. As well as being warm or cool and ventilated, a well-built and well-finished house will provide a barrier to vector
A Belated but Welcome Theory of Change on Mental Health and
Rapporteur on the right of everyone to the enjoyment of the
highest attainable standard of physical and mental health, Dainius Pūras,
lamented the fact that mental health continues to be one of the most neglected and
underfunded development issues ( Pūras,
2017 : 10, 19). Although mental health was excluded from the Millennium
Development Goals, the UN’s 2030 Agenda requires states to ‘ensure
healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages’ through Sustainable
working-class women adopt in exile in Jordan, the article
carefully interrogates shifting gender and power dynamics. In doing so it questions the
fashionable humanitarian focus on self-reliance and entrepreneurship, as well as youth,
but demonstrates how individual and family well-being often relies on rather different
parameters. A better understanding among humanitarian actors of what refugee women
themselves perceive as valuable lives would be a welcome step in advancing gendered
A Model for Historical Reflection in the Humanitarian Sector
Kevin O’Sullivan and Réiseal Ní Chéilleachair
, 2007 ) and in the dynamics of a
group setting ( Christensen, 2016 ). The
reflective process must be carefully managed to safeguard the well-being of
participants and to avoid subjecting them to undue stress.
3 Single Case Study
Our decision to focus on Somalia was taken with a view to a) available expertise
and the Irish humanitarian community’s long-standing relationship with
the country (dating back to
Staff Security and Civilian Protection in the Humanitarian
– but rather to highlight the fact
that this is often a central component in civilian-protection strategies, in the
absence of the more proactive measures that are central to staff security.
Moreover, for staff, such ‘aftercare’ is most often conceptualised
as part of well-being rather than safety and comes under the responsibility of
human resources rather than security management.
Table 1 summarises this analysis.
Men experience sexual violence during armed conflict situations, which affects their
physical, social and psychological well-being. However, this is under-researched and
under-reported ( Vojdik: 2014 : 931), and
often misunderstood and mischaracterised ( Kapur
and Muddell, 2016 : 4). Consequently, men who experience conflict-related
sexual violence (CRSV) have been severely overlooked within the humanitarian