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White women and colonialism in Barbados and North Carolina, 1627–1865
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Whiteness, as a lived experience, is both gendered and racialised. This book seeks to understand the overlapping imbrication of whiteness in shaping the diverse material realities of women of European origin. The analysis pertains to the English-speaking slave-based societies of the Caribbean island of Barbados, and North Carolina in the American South. The book represents a comparative analysis of the complex interweaving of race, gender, social class and sexuality in defining the contours of white women's lives during the era of slavery. Despite their gendered subordination, their social location within the dominant white group afforded all white women a range of privileges, shaping these women's social identities and material realities. Conscious of the imperative to secure the racial loyalty of poor whites in order to assure its own security in the event of black uprisings, elite society attempted to harness the physical resources of the poor whites. The alienation of married women from property rights was rooted in and reinforced by the prevailing ideology of female economic dependence on men. White Barbadian women's proprietary rights as slave-owners were upheld in the law courts, even the poorest slaveholding white women could take recourse to the law to protect their property. White women's access to property was determined primarily by their marital status. The book reveals the strategies deployed by elite and poor white women in these societies to resist their gendered subordination, challenge the constraints that restricted their lives to the private domestic sphere, secure independent livelihoods and create meaningful existences.

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Alison Phipps

Chapter 3 Political whiteness As #MeToo unfolded, perhaps second only to Harvey Weinstein in its cast of antagonists was gymnastics coach Larry Nassar.1 In what is now called the ‘USA gymnastics sex abuse scandal’, Nassar was accused of molesting at least 250 girls and young women and one young man, between 1992 and 2016. In 2017 Nassar was sentenced to 60 years in federal prison after pleading guilty to child pornography charges. On 24 January 2018 he was sentenced to 40 to 175 years in a Michigan state prison after pleading guilty to seven counts of sexual

in Me, not you
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Wan-Chuan Kao

. – Stefano Harney and Fred Moten 2 The Middle English romance the King of Tars is bookended by two faces: at the front, the white face of the Princess of Tars, ‘[a]‌s white as fether of swan’ (12) and signifying the innocence, purity and beauty of the Christian heroine, dominates the visual field of the poem; at

in White before whiteness in the late Middle Ages
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Consuming traditional middle-class culture
Meghji Ali

3 White spaces: consuming traditional middle-class culture I t was February 2017, and I was in Somerset House, a famous art gallery, for a photography exhibition entitled The Eye of Modern Mali. I recounted the following experience in my fieldwork journal, while the memory was still fresh in my mind: I enter the South Wing, take a moment to orient myself and walk toward Sibidé’s photography exhibition The Eye of Modern Mali. I decide I’d like to go to the bathroom first, so walk towards it, clearly signposted, placed right next to the café. Then I have my first

in Black middle class Britannia
Race and settler colonialism in Southern Rhodesia, 1919–79

This book explores the class experiences of white workers in Southern Rhodesia. Interest in white identity, power and privilege has grown since struggles over white land ownership in Zimbabwe in the early 2000s, yet research has predominately focused on middle-class and rural whites. By critically building upon whiteness literature developed in the United States and synthesising theories of race, class and gender within a critical Marxist framework, this book considers the ways in which racial supremacy and white identity were forged and contested by lower-class whites. It demonstrates how settler anxieties over hegemonic notions of white femininity and masculinity, white poverty, Coloureds, Africans and ‘undesirable’ non-British whites were rooted in class experience and significantly contributed to dominant white worker political ideologies and self-understandings.

Based on original research conducted in the United Kingdom, South Africa and Zimbabwe, this book also explores how white workers used notions of ‘white work’ and white ‘standards of living’ to mark out racial boundaries. In doing so the author demonstrates how the worlds of work were embedded in the production of social identities and structural inequalities as well as how class interacted and intersected with other identities and oppressions. This book will be of interest to undergraduates and academics of gender, labour, race and class in African and imperial and colonial history, the history of emotions and settler colonial studies.

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Inclusion through a neoliberal, postracial lens
Cathy-Mae Karelse

) Liberal ‘democracies’ such as in the US and UK give the false impression that people can be who they wish to be and express themselves in any way they choose to. And yet, as Toni Morrison describes in the epigraph, people are judged, punished, disempowered, and killed based on who they are and how they identify. Describing whiteness, Morrison explains that race is

in Disrupting White Mindfulness
Pedagogies of limitation
Cathy-Mae Karelse

which comes with its own trainers and professionals. How this unfolds in the Mindfulness Industry deserves closer attention. Educational programmes commonly reflect the interests and values of their designers. When power is racialised, so are programmes. In the case of White Mindfulness, curricula resemble homogeneity rather than a diversity of perspectives and experiences

in Disrupting White Mindfulness
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Englishness, ‘race’ and ethnic identities
Paul Thomas

exclusionary, especially at a time when a far-right party, the British National Party, has made significant political advances, The current ‘conversations’ about Englishness have also been triggered by mainstream political and media discourses questioning the national identity and loyalty of non-white British (and English) citizens at a very basic level. This chapter aims to discuss the

in These Englands
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Wan-Chuan Kao

Cute makes you do things you wouldn’t do otherwise. – Frances Richard 1 What does precarity do to whiteness as an aesthetic category, as an affect and as an object? The late medieval whitlether suit signifies the multitude of

in White before whiteness in the late Middle Ages
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On Worms and Skin in Bram Stoker‘s Later Fiction
David Glover

This essay examines The Lair of the White Worms cultural logic, its mobilization of that dense network of specific historical references - to mesmerism, physiognomy, alienism, degeneration, and theories of race - which underlies so much of Bram Stoker‘s output. It is argued that Stokers last novel can serve as a kind of summa for Stoker‘s entire oeuvre, casting a retrospective eye over precisely those ethnological concerns that had animated his writings from beginning to end. For, in Stoker‘s imaginary the monstrous is always inscribed within a topography of race that his novels at once challenge and confirm by bringing pressure to bear on the whole scientific project of a general anthropology at its most vulnerable point: the distinction between the human and the near-human, between the species form and its exceptions.

Gothic Studies