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Deborah Wilson

M1524 - WILSON TEXT.qxp:Graham Q7 25/9/08 12:18 Page 154 6 Widows and property Widows were discernably marginalised from family property at this time. Throughout the period, all women in the families in this study received jointure in place of dower, which in most cases was significantly less than the widow would have received as dower. Widows also had no rights to their husbands’ personal property, which tended to be treated as an extension of estate property and bequeathed as such to the heir. Family practices, such as the use of trustees, further

in Women, marriage and property in wealthy landed families in Ireland, 1750–1850
Brian Baker

Downriver , Sinclair deliberately complicates any sense that he might stand outside the structures he satirises; he is already, unavoidably complicit with capital and with exploitation. The widow The subtitle of Downriver is ‘The Vessels of Wrath’. The novel is, in itself, such a vessel. The satire or ‘savage comedy’ in the novel is in the service of an angry critique of the policies of Margaret Thatcher, and a grotesque caricature of the then prime minister as ‘the Widow’, a monstrous tyrant. I will return more

in Iain Sinclair
Robert O. Yates

Thomas Middleton's The Puritan Widow (1607), 1 as scholars have noted, invites readings of its satirical elements as well as its confusing, even ‘flawed’, dramatic form. 2 The readings of satire illuminate the play's treatment of religious and political debates. Donna Hamilton, for instance, says the play's satire is ‘unrelenting and comprehensive’, before claiming that the ‘main targets [of the satire] are Puritans and Catholics

in People and piety
The marriage bar in public servants’ private lives until 1946
Helen Glew

7 Disabled husbands, deserted wives, working ­widows: the marriage bar in public servants’ ­private lives until 1946 W hilst the last chapter sought to examine the socio-political context of the marriage bar and employers’ rationalisations for largely keeping it in place in peacetime, this chapter examines the marriage bar in relation to women undergoing marital breakdown, or facing economic difficulties because their husbands were unable to work. In so doing, it reveals the way in which the marriage bar as an institutional ideal was unsustainable and

in Gender, rhetoric and regulation
The making of ‘Mrs Pace’
John Carter Wood

4 ‘Easing the burden of the tragic widow’: the making of ‘Mrs Pace’ The most remarkable woman in England The making of ‘Mrs Pace’ From the beginning, the Pace case was more than simply a legal (or local) matter. Up to the inquest verdict, most of its key events took place within a few miles of Rose Cottage yet were followed throughout Britain and beyond. Press coverage created a figure known to millions of newspaper readers: ‘Mrs Pace’. The inquest verdict charging her with murder made her not only a more sensational but also a more complex figure. Women went

in ‘The most remarkable woman in England’
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Spinsters, lesbians and widows in British women’s fiction, 1850s–1930s

Women outside marriage between 1850 and the Second World War were seen as abnormal, threatening, superfluous and incomplete, whilst also being hailed as ‘women of the future’. Before 1850 odd women were marginalised, minor characters, yet by the 1930s spinsters, lesbians and widows had become heroines. This book considers how Victorian and modernist women's writing challenged the heterosexual plot and reconfigured conceptualisations of public and private space in order to valorise female oddity. It offers queer readings of novels and stories by women writers, from Charlotte Bronte, Elisabeth Gaskell, Ella Hepworth Dixon and Netta Syrett to May Sinclair, Radclyffe Hall, Clemence Dane, Winifred Holtby and Virginia Woolf. This interdisciplinary study tracks diverse representations of the odd woman in fiction and autobiographical accounts in relation to the rise of feminism. It illuminates singleness in the context of the suffrage campaign, women's work, sexual inversion and birth control as well as assessing the impact of the First World War. It draws on advice literature, medical texts, feminist polemic and articles from the new women's magazines. Developing debates within queer theory about gender non-conformity, heteronormativity and relationships between women, this genealogy of the odd woman shows how new conceptualisations of female singleness and lesbianism troubled, and ultimately transformed, social norms.

Insight from Northeast Nigeria
Chikezirim C. Nwoke
Jennifer Becker
Sofiya Popovych
Mathew Gabriel
, and
Logan Cochrane

husbands. In the case where a woman loses her husband, and in the absence of close relatives who are willing to assist, the responsibility of caring and providing for her children lies on her. When asked about the expectations and challenges of widowhood, a lead mother answered: It can be very difficult for widows around here. First, they are expected to undergo some form of traditional rites to mourn their husbands. Then they may marry their brother in-law if there is love and agreement between them. They can also marry any suitor of their choosing. Ultimately, they

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Middle-Aged Syrian Women’s Contributions to Family Livelihoods during Protracted Displacement in Jordan
Dina Sidhva
Ann-Christin Zuntz
Ruba al Akash
Ayat Nashwan
, and
Areej Al-Majali

create ‘spaces for social experimentation’ ( Joseph, 2004 : 277), where humanitarian assistance, family separations and gender and generational dynamics all shape how women’s positioning is negotiated by themselves and their loved ones – and that middle-aged women themselves sometimes change their minds about what women could and should be doing. ‘We’re All Widows Here’ – Middle-Aged Women as Breadwinners ‘We’re all widows here

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Why Building Back Better Means More than Structural Safety
Bill Flinn

over time. For a family of six children, size may be a priority. For a widow living on her own it may be security and protection. For a Pakistani family it may be privacy; for a Filipino household it could be ventilation and an attractive street frontage. For people living through the trauma of an earthquake and its aftershocks, it may be structural safety – but this concern may reduce as normality resumes. In each of these examples the need for a family to be able to exercise agency and choice, based on sound information, is paramount to their recovery. The

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Conor Bollins

Robert Wallace returned home victorious in 1744. As a minister based in Edinburgh, he had been formally commissioned by the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland to travel to London. Here, he was to convince the Parliament of Great Britain to grant legal status to the first Scottish widows insurance scheme. 1 The scheme offered to provide cover for the widows of members of Scottish universities and churches. Not only had Wallace helped underwrite the scheme, but he also went on to successfully lobby Scottish

in Ideas of poverty in the Age of Enlightenment