M1524 - WILSON TEXT.qxp:Graham Q7
Widows and property
Widows were discernably marginalised from family property at this time.
Throughout the period, all women in the families in this study received
jointure in place of dower, which in most cases was significantly less than
the widow would have received as dower. Widows also had no rights to
their husbands’ personal property, which tended to be treated as an
extension of estate property and bequeathed as such to the heir. Family
practices, such as the use of trustees, further
Downriver , Sinclair deliberately complicates any sense that he might stand outside the structures he satirises; he is already, unavoidably complicit with capital and with exploitation.
The subtitle of Downriver is ‘The Vessels of Wrath’. The novel is, in itself, such a vessel. The satire or ‘savage comedy’ in the novel is in the service of an angry critique of the policies of Margaret Thatcher, and a grotesque caricature of the then prime minister as ‘the Widow’, a monstrous tyrant. I will return more
Thomas Middleton's The Puritan Widow (1607),
as scholars have noted, invites readings of its satirical elements as well as its confusing, even ‘flawed’, dramatic form.
The readings of satire illuminate the play's treatment of religious and political debates. Donna Hamilton, for instance, says the play's satire is ‘unrelenting and comprehensive’, before claiming that the ‘main targets [of the satire] are Puritans and Catholics
The marriage bar in public servants’ private lives until 1946
Disabled husbands, deserted wives, working
widows: the marriage bar in public servants’
private lives until 1946
hilst the last chapter sought to examine the socio-political context of the marriage bar and employers’ rationalisations for
largely keeping it in place in peacetime, this chapter examines
the marriage bar in relation to women undergoing marital breakdown,
or facing economic difficulties because their husbands were unable to
work. In so doing, it reveals the way in which the marriage bar as an
institutional ideal was unsustainable and
‘Easing the burden
of the tragic widow’:
the making of ‘Mrs Pace’
The most remarkable woman in England
The making of ‘Mrs Pace’
From the beginning, the Pace case was more than simply a legal
(or local) matter. Up to the inquest verdict, most of its key events
took place within a few miles of Rose Cottage yet were followed
throughout Britain and beyond. Press coverage created a figure
known to millions of newspaper readers: ‘Mrs Pace’. The inquest
verdict charging her with murder made her not only a more
sensational but also a more complex figure. Women went
Historians of the British Civil Wars are increasingly taking notice of these bloody conflicts as a critical event in the welfare history of Europe. This volume will examine the human costs of the conflict and the ways in which they left lasting physical and mental scars after the cessation of armed hostilities. Its essays examine the effectiveness of medical care and the capacity of the British peoples to endure these traumatic events. During these wars, the Long Parliament’s concern for the ‘commonweal’ led to centralised care for those who had suffered ‘in the State’s service’, including improved medical treatment, permanent military hospitals, and a national pension scheme, that for the first time included widows and orphans. This signified a novel acceptance of the State’s duty of care to its servicemen and their families. These essays explore these developments from a variety of new angles, drawing upon the insights shared at the inaugural conference of the National Civil War Centre in August 2015. This book reaches out to new audiences for military history, broadening its remit and extending its methodological reach.
Why Building Back Better Means More than Structural Safety
over time. For a family of six children, size may be a priority. For a widow living on her own it may be security and protection. For a Pakistani family it may be privacy; for a Filipino household it could be ventilation and an attractive street frontage. For people living through the trauma of an earthquake and its aftershocks, it may be structural safety – but this concern may reduce as normality resumes. In each of these examples the need for a family to be able to exercise agency and choice, based on sound information, is paramount to their recovery.
Women outside marriage between 1850 and the Second World War were seen as abnormal, threatening, superfluous and incomplete, whilst also being hailed as ‘women of the future’. Before 1850 odd women were marginalised, minor characters, yet by the 1930s spinsters, lesbians and widows had become heroines. This book considers how Victorian and modernist women's writing challenged the heterosexual plot and reconfigured conceptualisations of public and private space in order to valorise female oddity. It offers queer readings of novels and stories by women writers, from Charlotte Bronte, Elisabeth Gaskell, Ella Hepworth Dixon and Netta Syrett to May Sinclair, Radclyffe Hall, Clemence Dane, Winifred Holtby and Virginia Woolf. This interdisciplinary study tracks diverse representations of the odd woman in fiction and autobiographical accounts in relation to the rise of feminism. It illuminates singleness in the context of the suffrage campaign, women's work, sexual inversion and birth control as well as assessing the impact of the First World War. It draws on advice literature, medical texts, feminist polemic and articles from the new women's magazines. Developing debates within queer theory about gender non-conformity, heteronormativity and relationships between women, this genealogy of the odd woman shows how new conceptualisations of female singleness and lesbianism troubled, and ultimately transformed, social norms.
The Protestant Orphan Society became a social bridge that linked together throughout the Church of Ireland the humble poor and the wealthy and the great. This book examines the work of the Protestant Orphan Society in Dublin (DPOS) against the background of over a century of political, religious and social upheaval from Catholic emancipation, the Great Famine, social reforms to Independence. It first identifies the founders and supporters of the DPOS and their motivation for doing so. It asks why the Church of Ireland invested in the children of the church at this time. The book then analyses the Society's development, the grounds for support of private versus public poor relief for Protestant widows and children and stresses the crucial role that women played in the Societies' work. It examines the child welfare system implemented by the DPOS, and the extent to which its policies were forward thinking and child and family centred. The opposing views of the extensive social service carried out by PO Societies and the meaning of the charity for the Church of Ireland laity, particularly women, are explored. The book further examines applicant profiles, widows' reduced circumstances and health, attitudes to children's health, and bereavement and the attendant emotional effects. Using individual case histories the chapter examines applicant case histories which include Sean O'Casey's sister.
The widows and orphans of Parliament’s military commanders
The hidden human costs
‘To condole with me on the
Commonwealth’s loss’: the widows
and orphans of Parliament’s military
he pioneering work of Geoffrey Hudson and Eric Gruber von Arni into
military welfare has inspired a recent new wave of civil-war scholarship
that highlights the experiences of war widows.1 So far, these studies have
been either regionally based or focused on the administration of the county
pension scheme to the widows of junior officers and common soldiers.2
Another study has examined how royalist