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Author: Vanessa Heggie

Athletes start the century as normal, healthy citizens, and end up as potentially unhealthy physiological 'freaks', while the general public are increasingly urged to do more exercise and play more sports. This book offers a comprehensive study, and social history, of the development of sports medicine in Britain, as practiced by British doctors and on British athletes in national and international settings. It describes how and why, in Britain, medicine applied to sport became first an area of expertise known as sports medicine, and then a formal medical specialty: Sport and Exercise Medicine. In the late nineteenth century, vigorous exercise was an acceptable, probably necessary, part of the moderate healthy lifestyle for the normal, healthy man. Consequently sports medicine was part and parcel of normal medical treatment, distinguishable only through its location or through its patient history. There was no wide-spread de facto scepticism about the value of vigorous exercise among physicians and scientists. The normality of the young male athlete is reconsidered between 1928 and 1952. At the end of the period, the athlete becomes an abnormal or supernormal human being who demands specialist medical interventions. The formation and work of British Association of Sport and (Exercise) Medicine, the Institute of Sports Medicine, the Sports Council, and the British Olympic Association's Medical Committee is discussed. The book finally discusses fitness. Normal life, war, elite competition gives us an insight into how athletic bodies are conceptualised, and how sports medicine has formed and reformed over a century.

Abstract only
Vanessa Heggie

‘scientific’ ideas in their training regimes. The normality of the young male athlete was reconsidered between 1928 and 1952, the period covered by Chapter 3 . At the beginning of this chapter the athlete is still a normal man, and an ‘ideal citizen’. By the end he is something quite different, an abnormal or supernormal human being who demands and requires specialist medical interventions. There were three key factors which influenced this shift, mostly related to the changes in organisation and understanding of the biomedical sciences forced by two world wars. Firstly

in A history of British sports medicine
Vanessa Heggie

back of FAM Webster & JA Heys, Athletic Training for Men and Boys: A Comprehensive System of Training Tables for all Events (London: Shaw, 1933). 96 John Welshman, ‘Only Connect: The History of Sport, Medicine and Society’ International Journal of the History of Sport 15 ( 1998 ), 1–21; KG Sheard, ‘’Brutal and Degrading’: The Medical Profession and Boxing, 1838–1984’ International Journal of the History of Sport 15 ( 1998 ), 74–102. 97 And also interest in the fit, young, male, athlete-soldier’s body – boxing after all was widely used as physical

in A history of British sports medicine