advantages in the development of technologies critical to economic growth and security; from controlling the production and distribution of energy to combating corruption. But the novelty of the new security strategy does not lie in any of these particular details, variations of which have appeared repeatedly in other documents, in previous decades. Rather, it can be found in various premises that inform the strategy and are presented as if they were conventions of the American foreign-policy establishment, when in fact they collectively represent a break

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Governing Precarity through Adaptive Design

the same time, despite agency growth and extensive efforts to professionalise relief work, there was little commensurate increase in effectiveness ( Fiori et al ., 2016 ). Growing risk aversion and recourse to remote management, moreover, created problems of distancing and loss of familiarity ( Healy and Tiller, 2014 ). Distracted by debt-fuelled uncertainty, rather than an indignant citizenry, Western publics now present as so many disillusioned, ironic spectators ( Chouliaraki, 2013 ). Diplomatic influence has also declined ( Mair, 2013

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
From the Global to the Local

Palestinians have remained in a precarious protracted refugee situation since then. They have been unable to access international refugee protection , or the durable solutions that the UNCPP had been mandated to secure for the Palestinian refugee community ( Akram, 2014 : 228). In effect, ‘political impasse, lack of support, and de-funding by the UN’ led to the UNCPP ‘shrinking’ to such an extent that it disappeared, in spite of never being legally terminated by the UNGA ( ibid .: 229). The intertwined risks of defunding, institutional shrinking and

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs

This book surveys ‘thrift’ through its moral, religious, ethical, political, spiritual and philosophical expressions, focusing in on key moments such as the early Puritans and postwar rationing, and key characters such as Benjamin Franklin, Samuel Smiles and Henry Thoreau. The relationships between thrift and frugality, mindfulness, sustainability and alternative consumption practices are explained, and connections made between myriad conceptions of thrift and contemporary concerns for how consumer cultures impact scarce resources, wealth distribution and the Anthropocene. Ultimately, the book returns the reader to an understanding of thrift as it was originally used – to ‘thrive’ – and attempts to re-cast thrift in more collective, economically egalitarian terms, reclaiming it as a genuinely resistant practice. Students, scholars and general readers across all disciplines and interest areas will find much of interest in this book, which provides a multi-disciplinary look at a highly topical concept.

The saints' Lives in this book were written in Italy in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. Here translated into English and in full for the first time, they shed light on the ways in which both lay men and women sought God in the urban environment, and how they were understood and described by contemporaries. Only one of these saints (Homobonus of Cremona) was formally canonised by the Pope: the others were locally venerated within the communities which had nurtured them. Earliest in date were Homobonus of Cremona and Raimondo Palmario of Piacenza, near-contemporaries and inhabitants of neighbouring cities, who died in 1197 and 1200 respectively; the latest was Enrico ('Rigo') of Bolzano, who died in Treviso in 1315. This was a period of rapid demographic and economic growth in the Italian urban environment; it witnessed much social and political upheaval, accompanied by religious change. Miracle collections are important hagiographical genre for some saints. The miracles which Umiliana de' Cerchi did in the first three years after her death and her posthumous appearances to her devotees were separately recorded, constituting, together with the Life, a hagiographical dossier. Umiliana and Pier Pettinaio were associated with the Franciscans, while Homobonus and Raimondo Palmario lived and died before 'the coming of the friars'. The Lives of both Pier Pettinaio of Siena and Rigo of Bolzano were written some time after their deaths, apparently to satisfy local and community pietas. There is no cross-reference between the Lives of Zita of Lucca and Rigo of Bolzano and their extensive miracle collections.

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Frugality, de-growth and Voluntary Simplicity

92 7 Ecological thrift: frugality, de-​growth and Voluntary Simplicity Thrift as a tool for de-​growth Discourses around frugality and the environment are by no means new, and voices from across academic disciplines call for thrift from a broadly ecological standpoint, and have done for many decades. Several well-​researched and bestselling reports on the threatened state of the global environment saw public awareness grow from the 1970s onwards. Key amongst these was Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring (1962) and the Club of Rome’s Limits to Growth report (1972

in A brief history of thrift

9 •• How to be a cultural entrepreneur 1 Henriette Partzsch One of the most fascinating aspects of the nineteenth century is the growth and transformation of literary cultures in emerging modern, capitalist societies. Despite its rather patchy record as far as industrialization is concerned, Spain was no exception to this development, as even the most cursory glance at the digital archives of the historical press in Spain or Simón Palmer’s monumental handbook Escritoras españolas del siglo XIX (Spanish women writers of the nineteenth century) confirms.2 With

in Spain in the nineteenth century

expansion (McKay’s metaphor is actually the spread of ‘geographical fever’) of previous geographical interest as manifested by the Société de géographie in Paris, which for fifty years was the only such institution in the country. 17 Membership figures show that the society did grow dramatically after 1870 (see Figure 1 ). These figures explain why the even greater growth in geographical society membership

in Imperialism and the natural world

advocated even more forcibly thereafter by Borja de Riquer, for whom the growth of regional nationalisms in the twentieth century has been due less to the strength and intolerable centralising pressures of españolismo than to its very weaknesses – in other words, ‘to the ineffectiveness of the state nationalising process’ in the nineteenth century, the outcome of which was ‘a weak Spanish identity’.1 The leading writers on this subject therefore seem to agree that Spanish nationalism confronted a problem at least as serious as the imprecision of its political objectives

in Spanish identity in the age of nations
Respectability in urban and literary space

broadly. Texts and author In arguing for the contentious nature of the Victorian chess-player – as someone who could cross lines of respectable and disreputable behaviour – this chapter takes up the challenge raised by Mike Huggins who declared that we 42 Minds need to question the extent to which beliefs about the unceasing respectability of middle-class leisure were held and explore ‘the notion and significance of an unrespectable set of middle-class values’.20 By close readings of George Walker’s 1841 article ‘The Café de la Régence’ and his 1840 ‘Chess, Without

in A cultural history of chess-players