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The origins and evolution of an intellectual social project

In two parts, the book examines, first, the attempts of three thinkers of the first half of the twentieth century to reconcile, in different socio-cultural contexts, the legacy of idealist philosophy with the claims of empirical social science, and, secondly, the trajectory of Bourdieu’s career in France from philosophy student to sociological researcher to political activist. It traces a progression from thought to action, but an emphasis on action informed by thought. It poses the question whether Bourdieu’s attempted integration of intellectualism and empiricism correlated with his particular socio-historical situation or whether it offers a global paradigm for advancing inter-cultural understanding. The book is of interest in confronting the question whether socio-political organization is best understood by social scientists or by participants in society, by experts or by the populace. It will stimulate general consideration of the relevance of a sociological perspective in everyday life and how much that perspective should be dependent on inherited concepts. Part I analyses the work of Alfred Schutz, Aron Gurwitsch and Maurice Merleau-Ponty, and Part II that of Pierre Bourdieu. The book is methodologically meticulous in situating these works socio-historically. It provides an introduction to some ideas in social philosophy and shows how these ideas became instrumental in generating a theory of practice. The book is aimed at post-graduate students and staff in all disciplines in the Humanities, and Human and Social sciences, but, more generally, it should interest all academics concerned about the contemporary social function of intellectuals.

’ [the historical development of Gestalt psychology]. These six lectures, given in 1933–34, led to his first published article in French (Gurwitsch, 1934) and to two subsequent articles of 1936 (Gurwitsch, 1936b and 1936c). Gurwitsch gave his second course at the Sorbonne in 1934–35 on ‘intentionalist psychology’10 and, the following year (1935–36), the third on the work of Goldstein and Gelb. His interest in the psychology of language led to his second French publication – a review of Psychologie du langage published in 1935 (Gurwitsch, 1935). This was followed by an

in The Bourdieu paradigm
Social and cultural modernity beyond the nation-state

German philosopher Jürgen Habermas has written extensively on the European Union. This is the only in-depth account of his project. Published now in a second edition to coincide with the celebration of his ninetieth birthday, a new preface considers Habermas’s writings on the eurozone and refugee crises, populism and Brexit, and the presidency of Emmanuel Macron.

Placing an emphasis on the conception of the EU that informs Habermas’s political prescriptions, the book is divided into two main parts. The first considers the unfolding of 'social modernity' at the level of the EU. Among the subjects covered are Habermas's concept of juridification, the latter's affinities with integration theories such as neofunctionalism, and the application of Habermas's democratic theory to the EU. The second part addresses 'cultural modernity' in Europe – 'Europessimism' is argued to be a subset of the broader cultural pessimism that assailed the project of modernity in the late twentieth century, and with renewed intensity in the years since 9/11.

Interdisciplinary in approach, this book engages with European/EU studies, critical theory, political theory, international relations, intellectual history, comparative literature, and philosophy. Concise and clearly written, it will be of interest to students, scholars and professionals with an interest in these disciplines, as well as to a broader readership concerned with the future of Europe

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that ‘reality’ is inaccessible. Aron Gurwitsch (1901–73) studied in Berlin under Carl Stumpf, who had struggled there to reconcile the legacy of German idealist philosophy with the emerging sciences of physiology and psychology. The form of reconciliation attempted by Gurwitsch involved seeking to argue for the theoretical benefits to be derived from associating the emphases of phenomenology and Gestalt psychology. Gestalt psychology was intent on demonstrating empirically that there are objective networks of meaning which impinge on our perception and which are not

in The Bourdieu paradigm

carrying out compulsory military service from mid-October 1930 until midOctober 1931, after which he commenced work as Professor of Philosophy in a lycée at Beauvais. It was only after the completion of his military service that Merleau-Ponty began to study systematically the new schools of psychology which seemed to be supplanting associationism. On 8 April 1933, he submitted an application for a project on the nature of perception in which he specifically mentioned experimental research undertaken in Germany by the Gestalt school which seemed to be suggesting that form

in The Bourdieu paradigm
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A multidisciplinary perspective

, we now abandon the realm of choice theory and enter psychology. In contrast to economists, psychologists are used to dealing with changing valuations. Thus, rather than focusing on exchange processes, we now look at processes which may precede choice activities. Witt (1987b) and Woo (1992) – independently of each other – have chosen similar approaches in order to explain the adoption of novelty. Instead of sticking to rational choice theory, they allow for preference change. In so doing, they stress Menger’s third aspect, i.e. cognition of the causal connection

in Innovation by demand

countryside. 5 In London, according to official figures, half the entire school population was evacuated. 6 Susan Isaacs, Lucy Fildes and John Bowlby, a young medically trained psychologist who had studied with most major figures in English psychology and psychoanalysis at the time, including Melanie Klein and Cyril Burt, were amongst a growing group of psychologists and

in The metamorphosis of autism
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epidemiological exploration, and then promoting it to the rest of the world. This was an important project that enabled a complete transformation of models for thinking about child development. Nikolas Rose’s work on the spread of ‘human relations’ psychology as important to the development of social models and modes of governmentality has been critical in explaining how the psychological sciences have enabled

in The metamorphosis of autism
Antagonism, parallelism, and chiasmus

characters, first and foremost Tarquin and Lucrece. Chiasmus and parallelism in small units influence the content – and the content of the text interacts with its gestalt . 7 With regard to the characters, they also refer to the link between the body and the soul, especially when an ‘exchange’ takes place between Tarquin and Lucrece, the ‘spotted princess’ that is his soul; in this case, chiasmus helps overcome the antagonism between the characters in

in William Shakespeare and John Donne
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themselves provide a more general basis for a theory of the extended self. For that it is necessary to go directly to Merleau-Ponty’s own work, 30  EXSELF.indb 30 The extended self 30/07/2014 13:39:08 followed by that of Polanyi, who between them furnish the foundations for some of the principal ideas in this book. Like Husserl, Merleau-Ponty is careful to distinguish phenomenology from the explanatory sciences as a purely ‘descriptive psychology’: ‘[It] tries to give a direct description of our experience as it is [added emphasis] without taking account of its

in The extended self