Open Access (free)
Crisis, reform and recovery
Shalendra D. Sharma

Indonesia: crisis, reform and recovery 3 Indonesia: crisis, reform and recovery In Indonesia, state-owned banking gave way to a system where anyone with $1 million or so could open a bank (Little 1997, 10). In mid-1998, a World Bank study (1998) grimly noted that “Indonesia is in deep economic crisis. A country that achieved decades of rapid growth, stability, and poverty reduction is now near economic collapse . . . no country in recent history, let alone one the size of Indonesia, has ever suffered such a dramatic reversal of fortune.” There is bitter irony

in The Asian financial crisis
Abstract only
Sultans and the state
Jean Gelman Taylor

This volume’s title, Monarchies and Decolonisation in Asia , appears to suggest a linear progression in the histories of colonies. Yet monarchies existed in Asia prior to colonial rule, and in many places they continued to exist under colonialism. Decolonisation in Indonesia, for instance, has proved to be a rejection of both indigenous and colonial forms of rule. The colony known as the Netherlands East Indies ended up as the Republic of Indonesia in 1945, 1 and yet it is worth noting that the larger, colonial-era political organisations of the 1930s

in Monarchies and decolonisation in Asia
Jonathan Benthall

This review of Amelia Fauzia’s Faith and the State: A history of Islamic philanthropy in Indonesia (Brill, 2013) was originally published in the Asian Journal of Social Science 42: 1–2 (2014), 165–7. An angle for comparative historical research is proposed here. To what extent did Christian institutions affect the

in Islamic charities and Islamic humanism in troubled times
Simon Soon

Engineering the human soul in 1950s Indonesia and Singapore Simon Soon In 1951 the Chinese artist Luo Gongliu painted Mao Zedong Making a Report on the Rectification in Yan’an for the newly established Museum of the Chinese Revolution.1 The artwork shows the Great Helmsman of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) speaking to an attentive crowd of the CCP cadres from a rostrum on a dais located on the left side of the painting. The venue for the occasion is presumably the Lu Xun Academy of Literature and Art in Yan’an. Behind Mao are hung two large portraits, one of

in Art, Global Maoism and the Chinese Cultural Revolution
Jaap de Moor

all they needed reliable and trustworthy soldiers, who were unconditionally loyal. The manpower issue remained a constant problem for the directors of the VOC, becoming even worse during the nineteenth-century conquest of the Archipelago by the colonial army. 2 The problem could be solved after 1890 only by a renewed influx of Indonesian soldiers, who were simultaneously given a more prominent role in the fighting. And

in Guardians of empire
Monarchy and visual culture in colonial Indonesia
Author: Susie Protschky

Photographic subjects examines photography at royal celebrations during the reigns of Wilhelmina (1898–1948) and Juliana (1948–80), a period spanning the zenith and fall of Dutch rule in Indonesia. It is the first monograph in English on the Dutch monarchy and the Netherlands’ modern empire in the age of mass and amateur photography.

This book reveals how Europeans and Indigenous people used photographs taken at Queen’s Day celebrations to indicate the ritual uses of portraits of Wilhelmina and Juliana in the colonies. Such photographs were also objects of exchange across imperial networks. Photograph albums were sent as gifts by Indigenous royals in ‘snapshot diplomacy’ with the Dutch monarchy. Ordinary Indonesians sent photographs to Dutch royals in a bid for recognition and subjecthood. Professional and amateur photographers associated the Dutch queens with colonial modernity and with modes of governing difference across an empire of discontiguous territory and ethnically diverse people. The gendered and racial dimensions of Wilhelmina’s and Juliana’s engagement with their subjects emerge uniquely in photographs, which show these two women as female kings who related to their Dutch and Indigenous subjects in different visual registers.

Photographic subjects advances methods in the use of photographs for social and cultural history, reveals the entanglement of Dutch and Indonesian histories in the twentieth century, and provides a new interpretation of Wilhelmina and Juliana as imperial monarchs. The book is essential for scholars and students of colonial history, South-east Asian and Indonesian studies, and photography and visual studies.

Open Access (free)
Four Decisive Challenges Confronting Humanitarian Innovation
Gerard Finnigan and Otto Farkas

equatorial Asian smoke-haze disaster, where an estimated 103,000 excess deaths (95 per cent CI, 26,300–174,300) occurred across Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore ( Koplitz et al. , 2016 ). The excess all-cause mortality due to short-term exposure to particulate matter (PM2.5) polluting the air was estimated at 11,880 deaths (95 per cent CI, 6,153–17,270) ( Crippa et al. , 2016 ). Local NGOs and multilateral agencies based in Indonesia responding to people suffering the choking

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Digital Bodies, Data and Gifts
Kristin Bergtora Sandvik

emphasises the technological possibilities for identifying individuals in distress: ‘ Indonesian developers, Quick Disaster, have created an app for a wearable device like Google Glass. Quick Disaster provides guidance and information on rescue procedures for nine different disaster types and sends its GPS location to response teams. Quick Disaster can also be integrated with social media to inform others about the user’s situation’ ( The Aid & International Development Forum

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Susie Protschky

becoming queen. Van Baal was now Juliana's only representative, a lone governor on half an island. Further, ‘Dutch’ New Guinea was a disputed territory, the cause of diplomatic and even military tensions between the Netherlands and Indonesia over who should control the western part of the island. 7 Migration lobbyists were influential among the voices pressuring the Dutch parliament to insist on control of New Guinea in order to secure a ‘homeland’ for Indo-Europeans. This notion

in Photographic subjects
Security and insecurity in Indonesian Aceh and Papua
Edward Aspinall and Richard Chauvel

S INCE THE END OF the Suharto regime in 1998, the ‘outlying’ provinces of Aceh and Papua have caused great concern to Indonesia’s national security planners. Both have been sites of substantial secessionist activity and considerable violence between Indonesian security forces and supporters of independence. Thousands of people have lost their

in Critical Security in the Asia-Pacific