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A. J. Muste, Louis Budenz, and an “American approach” before the Popular Front
Leilah Danielson

and Sidney Hook, whom he credits with pioneering “the Popular Front” by infusing Marxism with pragmatism and by revitalizing and reconstituting the American revolutionary tradition. In fact, however, as we shall see, the CPLA anticipated the distinctive features of the Popular Front: the centrality of industrial unionism, engagement with mass culture and the production of working-class culture, a creative mix of Marxism and Americanism, and a non-sectarian spirit. 6 Labor progressives had come together after the postwar Red Scare to regroup and rebuild. The focus

in Marxism and America
Memory and identity in Cold War America
Brian Etheridge

. The Cold War consensus was a broadly held set of assumptions that supported American aims in the emerging Cold War, celebrated American values as superior and deserving of dissemination around the globe, and sought to ‘contain’ alternative ideologies that challenged the status quo. As such, it created a climate in which criticising American policy or dissenting against American cultural norms was incredibly difficult. The memory coalition in support of the Cold War narrative deliberately promoted images that stressed the sameness of Americanism and Germanness, and

in Prussians, Nazis and Peaceniks

Conspiracy theory and American foreign policy examines the relationship between secrecy, power and interpretation around international political controversy, where foreign policy orthodoxy comes up hard against alternative interpretations. It does so in the context of American foreign policy during the War on Terror, a conflict that was quintessentially covert and conspiratorial. This book adds a new dimension to the debate by examining what I coin the ‘Arab-Muslim paranoia narrative’: the view that Arab-Muslim resentment towards America was motivated to some degree by a paranoid perception of American power in the Middle East. Immediately after 9/11, prominent commentators pointed to an Arab-Muslim culture of blame and a related tendency towards conspiracy theories about America’s regional influence as an important cultural driver of anti-Americanism. This narrative subsequently made its way into numerous US Government policy documents and initiatives advancing a War of Ideas strategy aimed at winning the ‘hearts and minds’ of Arab-Muslims. The book provides a novel reading of the processes through which legitimacy and illegitimacy is produced in foreign policy discourses. It will also appeal to a wider cross-disciplinary audience interested in the burgeoning issues of conspiracy, paranoia, and popular knowledge, including their relationship to and consequences for contemporary politics.

Sources of anti-Americanism
Mitchell B. Reiss

11 Between facts and fantasies: sources of anti-Americanism Ambassador Mitchell B. Reiss Introduction When Ambassador Mitchell B. Reiss addressed the subject of ‘Between facts and fantasies: sources of anti-Americanism’ on 21 May 2006, he approached this highly topical, and controversial, issue from the distinctive perspective of having combined personal experience of diplomacy and peacemaking with a rigorous academic background and training. It is a distinctive feature of American political life that talented individuals can combine careers in the academy with

in Peacemaking in the twenty-first century
Tim Aistrope

provide a window into the underlying commitments and rationalities of a political culture. This chapter examines the widespread concern expressed by foreign policy commentators about the link between anti-Americanism and Arab-Muslim conspiracy theories in the wake of 9/11. I argue that this Arab-Muslim paranoia narrative helped disqualify criticism of American power and limit

in Conspiracy theory and American foreign policy
Open Access (free)
Francisco E. González
Desmond King

American national identity. This latter combines a rich individualism, guaranteed in constitutional rights, with a reality of wide group loyalties and ties, based variously upon ethnicity, national background or race. Politically, a tension has endured between the individualist and the group components of Americanism: in practice, American nationalism has consisted in both individualism and group identities. This is not quite the ‘post ethnic’ identity envisaged by David Hollinger (1995); but it is a richer conception than that expressed in traditional accounts. The

in Democratization through the looking-glass
Abstract only
Ken Young

at risk by politicised anti-Americanism. The threat of anti-Americanism The handover of the bases to the USAF was a milestone in the relationship between the American strategic forces and the British hosts. It also marked the beginning of a period of political unrest and uncertainty, raising new questions about the acceptability of the American presence. These were not questions for government. By and large, the uncertainties of the late 1940s had been settled as Whitehall and Westminster acknowledged the facts of the defence dependency. Nor was significant public

in The American bomb in Britain
The Pony Express at the Diamond Jubilee
Heidi Kenaga

[ The Covered Wagon ] is not its entertainment value, though that factor is absolutely certain and points the way to extraordinary box-office success. The biggest of all the big things about ‘The Covered Wagon’ is its emphatic Americanism. The picture gives this industry a push forward because it shows that the American story can be just as dramatic

in Memory and popular film
Tim Aistrope

THIS CHAPTER EXAMINES the practical manifestation of the War of Ideas strategy in United States (US) State Department public diplomacy, as well as more recent counter-radicalisation efforts under the Obama administration. It does so by focusing on several programmes involved in direct engagements with anti-Americanism and extremist ideology: the

in Conspiracy theory and American foreign policy
The spectacle of boxing and the geometry of tennis
Bernard Vere

Europe, and in Paris in particular, boxing was perceived as an American sport and, despite its image as a working-class sport, it was enjoying a vogue amongst the upper-middle classes and the aristocracy. These classes had long been interested in tennis. In the 1920s, and especially after the rise to prominence of Helen Wills as the dominant player in the women’s game, tennis also became associated with Americanism. This chapter looks firstly at the boxing match between proto-Dada figure Arthur Cravan and the world’s most famous boxer before the First World War, Jack

in Sport and modernism in the visual arts in Europe, c. 1909–39