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The Community and Voluntary Pillar In Irish social partnership
Series: Irish Society
Author: Joe Larragy

This book explores the unique and problematic entity known as the Community and Voluntary Pillar (CVP) in the institutional context of Irish social partnership and the changing political and economic environment over time. It reviews existing theoretical accounts of Irish social pacts with reference to the role or significance of the CVP, and explores new theoretical perspectives that might contribute to a better understanding of the CVP. The book then details empirical investigation of the origins and facets of the CVP through the study of the most pivotal associations in it. It shows that the National Women's Council of Ireland (NWCI) refused to be incorporated and maintained a great degree of independence over the course of its engagement. The NWCI played a successful defensive role in Partnership 2000 (1996) in relation to threats to tax child benefit. Later, a more significant achievement of the NWCI was the early childcare supplement introduced in 2006, which stemmed from recommendations the NWCI had made as early as 1997. The book also considers the development of a distinct and original account of the dynamics of the CVP, termed 'asymmetric engagement'. It explains how small organisations have operated in social partnership, amid the warp and weft of political and economic cycles and shifts in the demos.

Ken Young

12 The asymmetrical alliance We can build and maintain, for decades if necessary, an atomic air offensive as a deterrent to the USSR … It must have world-wide deployment and its bases, particularly those in the UK which are most vulnerable and most effective for both political and military reasons, must have the fullest possible protection without stint of expense. W. Barton Leach to Secretary Thomas K. Finletter, October 1950.1 In the opening chapter of this book I asserted that while the United States demonstrated unambiguous resolve and clear values in

in The American bomb in Britain
Joe Larragy

10 Asymmetric engagement The starting point for the present study was the identification of a novel feature of Irish social partnership, the Community and Voluntary Pillar. While there has been considerable debate on the nature of social partnership, and while the issue of the Pillar has come up in the context of several studies, there has not yet been published a single study devoted specifically to the CVP. Only a few article-­length or chapter-­length accounts of the Pillar have been published – usually in the context of wider concerns. Some of these are very

in Asymmetric engagement
Open Access (free)
Fernando Espada

towards migrants. In ‘Myths of Violence’, Brad Evans offers a possible explanation of what motivates solidarity with migrants and asylum seekers in Europe. For Evans, instead of the privilege of absolute power, violence is the outcome of asymmetric freedom, ‘the freedom to punish and destroy … over the freedom to resist or … to flee’. With reference to Gilles Deleuze, he argues that oppression not only denies the rights of the oppressed but restricts their movement. He challenges a conception of ‘the political’ that he feels legitimises the continuation of violence in

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Editor’s Introduction
Michaël Neuman, Fernando Espada, and Róisín Read

question humanitarian responsibility in conflict situations towards both populations and its staff, especially national staff. Echoing this practical analysis, Miriam Bradley questions the different values attributed to different lives, related to the asymmetric attention given to the safety of humanitarian personnel and civilians. Practices are also at the heart of Fabrice Weissman and Emmanuelle Strub’s articles. The first reviews the painful issue of kidnappings of humanitarian workers to

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
The Law and Politics of Responding to Attacks against Aid Workers
Julia Brooks and Rob Grace

lines’ and coordinating negotiation approaches across different organisations can empower humanitarian organisations to tilt an asymmetric power dynamic – by which humanitarian organisations need to reach an agreement with their interlocutors more than vice versa – in the humanitarians’ favour. There are, of course, numerous contexts where humanitarian organisations have adopted joint operating principles or protocols at the country level ( Harmer et al. , 2018 ). However, the humanitarian sector is fragmented, with disparate interpretations of where ‘red lines

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Digital Bodies, Data and Gifts
Kristin Bergtora Sandvik

attention has been paid so far to the ‘gift’ element of data production and its implications for how we think about the nature of aid, participation and accountability. In The Gift Marel Mauss explored how reciprocal exchanges of objects between groups build relationships between humans ( Mauss, 1990 ). A significant body of scholarship has explored aid as ‘gift exchanges’. This article moves beyond seeing aid as symbolic violence or a source of asymmetric power

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Brad Evans

that freedom entails. But let’s not forget that what is resistive can also become violent in response. This in turn creates a brutal dialectic, which appearing as war by everyday means, creates a unifying reciprocity where both parties end up fighting over the same object of desire – a violence based on similitude not differentiation. Hence, in revolution, everything changes so that everything remains the same. Rather than seeing violence as the privilege of absolute power, it is better to see it as the outcome of asymmetric freedom. The freedom to punish or

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Debates Surrounding Ebola Vaccine Trials in Eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo
Myfanwy James, Joseph Grace Kasereka, and Shelley Lees

voluntariness amid profound inequalities ( Fairhead et al. , 2006 ; Molyneux and Bull, 2013 ). Much of this literature situates itself outside bioethical framings to focus on medical research’s ‘imperial origins as well as asymmetrical topography of power and resources’ ( Geissler, 2011 : 1). It calls for reflections which move beyond bioethics to focus on the politics of poverty and inequality ( Molyneux and Geissler, 2008 ). In this article, we argue that debates around the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
German Responses to the June 2019 Mission of the Sea-Watch 3
Klaus Neumann

about: her ship, the international law of the sea, Europeans’ moral responsibilities, and conditions faced by migrants in Libya. At the same time, she convincingly claimed that she preferred her actions to do the talking for her. The role of Rackete has also been important in that it deflected emotions away from the migrants rescued by the NGOs – and thus away from an asymmetrical extension of compassion – towards the rescuers. The deflection of emotions away from the migrants may also have helped to subvert humanitarianism’s tendencies to perpetuate ‘the neo

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs