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The League in party politics
Helen McCarthy

-party support? In terms of formal representation on committees, the movement did go quite some way towards achieving its aim of engaging opinion-formers across the political spectrum. There was certainly no denying the powerful Liberal presence. Active alongside Murray and Davies on the Executive over the years were the Liberal MPs Geoffrey Mander, Megan Lloyd George, Willoughby Dickinson and Henry Vivian, JA Spender of the Westminster Gazette, and Dorothy Gladstone, Violet Bonham-Carter and Margery Corbett Ashby, all leading figures in the Women’s Liberal Federation. Lord

in The British people and the League of Nations
Abstract only
Robert Lister Nicholls

purpose at a particular time. It is suggested that ‘sovereignty’ is not identical to parliamentary sovereignty owing to the challenges posed by increased executive power, governance and globalisation. Examples of the various uses of sovereignty by members of the political elite to illustrate the way the concept is susceptible to misuse and abuse are outlined later in the chapter. The question of sovereignty also featured heavily throughout the debates surrounding the 2016 referendum on EU membership and the subsequent negotiation process. However, given the general

in The British political elite and Europe, 1959–1984
Stephen Constantine

, constitutionally, was changed during our second period in very important ways. Since such matters were high on the agenda of Gibraltar’s political nation, they too must be high on our agenda for this and the next chapter. City Council and Executive Council, to 1940 As described in previous chapters, back in the early eighteenth century and prompted by British merchants resident on the Rock, the establishment of a town council modelled on conventional British lines had been a serious prospect; and later the Sanitary Commission, established in 1865, was interpreted by some leading

in Community and identity
The Ocean group in East and Southeast Asia, c. 1945–73
Nicholas J. White

Liverpool-based conglomerate was divorced or disconnected from influential business and political circles in London. Although, from the late 1920s, the Ocean directorate was increasingly selected from outside the Holt family, executive material was still sought from the top public schools and Oxbridge colleges. Such preference ensured that Blue Funnel executives were well-connected in Whitehall and Westminster. For

in The empire in one city?
Abstract only
James G. Patterson

America to obtain the lifting of trade restrictions and legislative independence for the Irish parliament.1 These dual objectives were achieved in 1779 and 1782 respectively. Yet the executive branch of the Irish government remained responsible to the Imperial cabinet. Moreover, the Viceroy retained the ability to manipulate the corrupt Irish parliament through the liberal distribution of patronage. Most importantly, the Reform Act of 1782 failed to address the aspirations of the Protestant middle classes, which largely remained excluded from the political process. By

in In the wake of the great rebellion
Abstract only
J. F. Merritt

, however, very much a reciprocal process. Just as Westminster was shaped by the succession of executive governments in its midst, so distinctive aspects of the town could interact in important ways with the politics played out there. One fundamental issue here was the geographical vulnerability of Westminster, and of Whitehall Palace and parliament in particular, which informed much of the political and military history of the area in the 1640s and 1650s. It played a key role in the political tumults of 1641, and necessitated the persistent military presence in the years

in Westminster 1640–60
Martin Maguire

president of the League and Gaelic language scholar. Conn Murphy was a link with the revolutionary movement. The first to be awarded a Ph.D from the Royal University, he gave lectures on logic to civil servants, not to introduce them to the beauty of philosophy but to prepare them for negotiation – analysing arguments and spotting flawed logic. He was active in Sinn Féin politics. 77 For the civil service associations a significant achievement was that the reorganisation of the civil service into the new administrative, executive and clerical grades was to be undertaken by

in The civil service and the revolution in Ireland, 1912–38
The contest for ideology
Sung Lee

I. WHO and uncontested Western medical paternalism Today it seems obvious that the health of the people is subject to political and ideological contests. Yet, throughout the first thirty years of the World Health Organization, Western or Westernised medical doctors controlled its knowledge and practices, and the nature of ‘world health’ went

in Western medicine as contested knowledge
Cormac Behan

they are not part of the process of ‘collective self-rule’ (2013: 11). Prisoners cannot exercise self-government because during their confinement they are entirely dependent on the executive. The democratic process is undermined by allowing to vote those who cannot contribute to collective self-government and would be ‘a contribution to counterfeiting democracy, extending the outward form of democratic government as a cover for the absence of the political substance of democracy – the self-government of the people’ (Ramsay, 2013: 11). Finally, he states that

in Citizen convicts
Patrick Peel

parliamentary writers were led to describe self-governing polities not simply as states in contrast to monarchies but as free states in contrast to the dependence and slavery imposed by kingly rule. According to this view, to have the status of a free person (a liber homo and free-man) was to live in a free state, such that one had a set of fundamental liberties secured from relationships of dependence, which in turn required some exercise of control over one’s government so that the institutions necessary for one’s political liberty (e.g. courts, legislatures, executives

in Freedom of speech, 1500–1850