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Hegemony, policy and the rhetoric of ‘sustainable aviation’

The massive expansion of global aviation, its insatiable demand for airport capacity, and its growing contribution to carbon emissions, makes it a critical societal problem. Alongside traditional concerns about noise and air pollution, and the disruption of local communities, airport politics has been connected to the problems of climate change and peak oil. Yet it is still thought to be a driver of economic growth and connectivity in an increasingly mobile world.

The Politics of Airport Expansion in the UK provides the first in-depth analysis of the protest campaigns and policymaking practices that have marked British aviation since the construction of Heathrow Airport. Grounded in documentary analysis, interviews and policy texts, it constructs and employs poststructuralist policy analysis to delineate the rival rhetorical and discursive strategies articulated by the coalitions seeking to shape public policy.

Focusing on attempts by New Labour to engineer an acceptable policy of ‘sustainable aviation’, the book explores its transformation into a ‘wicked policy issue’ that defies a rational and equitable policy solution. It details the challenges posed to government by the rhetoric of scientific discourse and expert knowledge, and how the campaign against the third runway at Heathrow turned local residents, the perpetual ‘losers’ of aviation expansion, into apparent ‘winners’. It concludes by evaluating the challenges facing environmentalists and government in the face of concerted pressures from the aviation industry to expand.

This book will appeal to scholars and researchers of environmental policy and politics, poststructuralist political theory, social movements, and transport studies.

The French empire after the First World War
Martin Thomas

tract of territory otherwise untouched by the colonial presence. 4 Further French expansion into African and Middle Eastern territory took place in conditions of profound societal dislocation. In 1918 famine gripped the cities of Syria and Lebanon. Senegal was ravaged by bubonic plague. The wartime collapse of grain distribution and poor harvests in 1919–20 compounded the

in The French empire between the wars
Catherine Cox

2 Expansion and demand ‘all towns of significance … should possess hospitals and asylums of good quality’.1 During the four decades following the opening of Carlow asylum in 1832, the original asylum district, comprising four counties, was divided. The decisions to remove counties Kilkenny and Wexford were taken in 1847 and 1860 respectively, leading to the opening of additional institutions in 1852 and 1868. The original asylum in Carlow town continued to serve counties Carlow and Kildare and the building was extended. Carlow district was not unique in this

in Negotiating insanity in the southeast of Ireland, 1820–1900
Joseph Hardwick

understanding of the term ‘mission’ as something tied fundamentally to conversion. 5 Though these works have made valuable contributions to our understanding of emigration’s place in nineteenth-century mission, a number of issues remain unaddressed. One is the nature of the connections between the expansion of the institutional Church overseas and the reform and revival of the Church in mainland Britain. We know

in An Anglican British World
Julie Evans, Patricia Grimshaw, David Philips, and Shurlee Swain

Victorian age. To the fore were twin tensions between those players with humanitarian and liberal ideals, on the one hand, and those whose job it was to pursue pragmatically the smooth implementation of British governmental policies, on the other. First, however, we trace the story of the expansion of the British Empire up to the mid-1830s and, in particular, Britain’s gradual acquisition of settler colonies

in Equal subjects, unequal rights
Steven Griggs and David Howarth

3 The post-war regime of aviation expansion During the next few years, the UK has an opportunity, which may not recur, of developing aircraft manufacture as one of our main export industries. On whether we grasp this opportunity and so establish firmly an industry of the utmost strategic and economic importance, our future as a great nation may depend. (Duncan Sandys, UK Minister of Supply, 1952, cited in Lyth, 2003: 90) Almost every airport policy decision in the last 40 years has been controversial. Wherever there is an airport, or the potential for an

in The politics of airport expansion in the United Kingdom
National grandeur, territorial conquests and colonial embellishment, 1852–70
Emmanuelle Guenot

modernisation. His objective was to re-establish France as a great power capable of competing with its newly industrialised neighbours, Britain and Prussia. His vision of a powerful French nation included the expansion of French influence overseas based on the belief that great powers had a global reach, the need to continue a French tradition of overseas acquisitions (counterbalanced by losses) combined with a

in Crowns and colonies
Lindsay R. Moore

6 Economic expansion and the erosion of patriarchy D uring the eighteenth century, Anglo-American law and jurisprudence changed as legal personnel became more professionalised, common law courts adopted more systematic and rationalised court procedures and women participated in the expansion of the commercial economy. The increasing formalism of Anglo-American law has led some scholars to conclude that these changes marginalised everyone but elite men from the legal process. As the power of the centralised imperial state grew, the courts increasingly excluded

in Women before the court
Marnie Hay

Revival and expansion were also evident elsewhere in the province of Munster. In County Kerry, Fianna troops began to revive after Austin Stack asked Michael O’Leary to reorganise the Fianna there around late 1917 and early 1918. The Listowel troop appears to have been reinvigorated in 1917 while the Tralee sluagh was resuscitated in early 1918. 34 In Waterford, the Fianna’s strategy to expand beyond the city was paying off by 1918. New troops had been started in nearby areas such as Ferrybank, Dunkett, Ballyduff, Portlaw, Dunhill and Carrick-on-Suir. 35

in Na Fianna Éireann and the Irish Revolution, 1909–23
Gabriel Glickman

of ‘Savages, Heathens, Infidels, and Idolaters’, through conversion, into the colonial community. Only by ‘the enlargement of Christs Church on Earth’, he believed, could Englishmen fulfil the ‘proper, and principall end of Plantations’, and so attain divine favour: ‘successe in wars, increase in wealth, and honour on earth’. 1 Yet Eburne’s manifesto sat visibly at odds with the unfolding process of English overseas expansion. Through the seventeenth century, Newfoundland figured more consistently in English calculations not as the epicentre of a Christian

in Making the British empire, 1660–1800