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Romantic comedy
R. S. White

play, even if in Shakespeare’s examples there are often troubling or problematical elements in the closure. Expectation of community harmony achieved by the end, indicating a defeat of older, conservative values and a passing of power to the young. Contrasting locations, one repressive and restrictive, the other emotionally liberating (courts and the Forest of Arden or Athens, Venice and Belmont, and so on

in Shakespeare’s cinema of love
Abstract only
B. F. Taylor

108 The British New Wave 5 The critical forest As much as I remain dedicated to the cinema, however, I cannot pretend it is culturally self-sufficient. The best criticism will continue to be the criticism that is richest in associations. There are all kinds of gaps and blind spots to be explored. The danger is that a methodological orthodoxy will stifle all individual initiatives in the scholarly sector, and only widen the gap between showbiz and academe. (Andrew Sarris)1 Our aim is to provide people with the means for making their own judgements. We try to

in The British New Wave
Jorge Téllez Carrasco and José Blanes Jiménez

15 Cooperation in small forest producers in Bolivia Jorge Téllez Carrasco and José Blanes Jiménez Context In the Chiquitania region of Bolivia, precious woods are products of high value that can be acquired from communities through local intermediaries at very low prices. Timber buyers acquire timber from people and communities through a system of loans and exchanges that often disadvantage small producers. Generally, timber leaves the area unprocessed. Small producers in the region requested support, through their municipal governments, from the Spanish

in Knowledge, democracy and action
John Swain

predominated: cattle rearing and woollen cloth making, often in the same household. There was some arable farming, mainly oats, and other important types of craft and industry, such as coal mining, tanning, brewing and quarrying of slate and lime, but ‘cattle and cloth country’ is a fair summary of how most people made a living. 4 Probate inventories, lists of movable goods drawn up shortly after death, are testimony to the importance of cattle in Pendle Forest. The median herd size of seventy-five Pendle inventories drawn up between 1558 and 1640

in The Lancashire witches
Patricia Emison

Marcantonio Raimondis career is here considered as a record of a distinctively Renaissance hunger for imagery, on the part of the literate as well as the illiterate, a taste that did not demand autograph work and yet was very attentive to the decisions made by artists about which subjects to portray and how to present them. Marcantonios contribution is described less in terms of having made Raphaels work known widely, and more as having made engraving into an established art form: collectible, discussable, debatable. His innovative technique yielded, it is argued, images of deliberately impersonal style, an accomplishment obscured by the ensuing emphasis on maniera.

Bulletin of the John Rylands Library
The Gothic Elsewhere in Jane Austen‘s Emma
Andrew McInnes

In recent criticism, Jane Austen‘s Northanger Abbey has been reconsidered as a comic rather than mock-Gothic novel, shifting its mockery onto a variety of other targets: domineering men, unwary readers, the violence underpinning English domesticity. I argue that Austen continues her engagement with the Gothic, beyond Northanger Abbey, using Emma as an exemplary case. Emma not only includes explicit mentions of Gothic novels such as Ann Radcliffe‘s The Romance of the Forest, but implicitly reformulates the relationships between Female Gothic figures: finding a frail, victimised heroine in Jane Fairfax and a seductive femme fatale in Emma herself.

Gothic Studies
Margaret Atwood and Wilderness Gothic
Faye Hammill

Recent criticism has increasingly asserted the centrality of gothic in the Canadian canon, and explicitly gothic conceptions of the forested and frozen North inform several of Margaret Atwood‘s novels, poems, essays and short stories. Her haunted wilderness settings are sites for the negotiation of identity and power relationships. This essay focuses on her 1970 poem sequence The Journals of Susanna Moodie and her short story `Death by Landscape (from her 1991 Wilderness Tips collection), considering them in relation to critical models of postcolonial gothic.

Gothic Studies
Rashomon, Boomtown and subjective experience
Dolores Martinez

Rashomon opens at the edge of a destroyed city and the story that unfolds is a study in the subjective experience of reality that revolves around an unsolved set of mysteries: Was the woman raped? Who killed the husband? As its director, Akira Kurosawa noted, the action takes place in the forest where the human heart goes astray; the trope of becoming morally lost in the wilderness is one that he used frequently. What happens when the ‘Rashomon technique’ is transferred to an urban setting as in the television series Boomtown, set in modern Los Angeles?

Film Studies
Servant Negotiations of Gender and Class in Ann Radcliffe‘s The Romance of the Forest
Kathleen Hudson

Male servants in Ann Radcliffe‘s early Gothic novels are frequently underexplored in critical examinations of gender identity in Radcliffe‘s literary politics due to a long tradition of social and literary marginalisation. However, class-specific masculine identities built on a socio-moral and political ideologies and domestic anxieties are not only particularly evident in Radcliffe‘s The Romance of the Forest (1791), but also effectively problematise an already unstable masculine ideal therein. Servant masculine identity in Radcliffe‘s work is developed through the contrast between servant characters and their employers, through examples of potentially revolutionary active and narrative agency by male servants, and through the instance of the heroine and male servants joint flight from the Gothic space. This article will establish that the male servant character in the early Gothic novel is essential to understanding socio-gendered identity in Radcliffe‘s work, and that thisfi gure s incorporation in Gothic class and gender politics merits further examination.

Gothic Studies