Francis Bacon produced his final draft of the New Atlantis around the years 1624-1625. Standing at the threshold of early modern thought, Bacon's text operates at the interstices of its contemporary culture and does indeed signal a desire to 'illuminate all the border-regions that confine upon the circle of our present knowledge'. This book presents a collection of essays that show how the New Atlantis negotiates a variety of contexts, namely literary, philosophical, political, religious and social, in order to achieve this. The narrative begins with a standard literary device. When Bacon wrote the New Atlantis, he clearly had More's Utopia in mind as a model. For all his strictures on the use of language for rhetorical effect, Francis Bacon was thoroughly grounded in the Renaissance art of rhetoric. He consciously drew on his rhetorical skill in his writings, adapting his style as occasion demanded. The New Atlantis is a text about natural philosophy which seems to offer connections at almost every point with moral and political philosophy. The book discusses two forms of natural knowledge that Bacon takes up and develops in the New Atlantis: natural magic, and medicine. The modern project is crucially dependent on two fundamental miracles: the miracle of creation and the miracle of divine revelation. The book also analyses Bacon's representations of colonialism and Jewishness in the New Atlantis has revealed. The New Atlantis raises questions concerning the relationship between censorship and knowledge.
Francis Lathom was a novelist and playwright, well-known in his lifetime, but whose reputation died with him. He is best known today for his novel The Midnight Bell (1798) which formed part of the Gothic reading material on which Jane Austen‘s Northanger Abbey is founded. Lathom is described as a second or third rank Gothicist, who also wrote novels dealing with upper-class social life. This article begins with a brief biography, collated from a series of ‘facts’ that have survived about Lathom. The article debates and queries these received facts. Was he from an aristocratic family? Why did he move from Norwich to reside in a series of small Scottish villages? His life is itself considered as a narrative construct that has been amended and has accreted layers of rumour through time. The combination of secrecy and display which seem to characterise his life are the same as those found in Gothic fiction itself. These themes are explored in The Midnight Bell. A plot summary is followed with an examination of the connections between the narrative of the book and the narrative of the life of Francis Lathom.
The Irishness of Francis McCullagh
The photograph of the Irish journalist Francis McCullagh attached to the
safe-conduct pass issued to him by the Francoist forces on 13 December
1936, during the Spanish Civil War, shows a man who would not have stood
out in any crowd. Small in stature, and dressed conservatively in a coat and
scarf, he could have been a school-teacher or a bank clerk rather than the
well-known war correspondent he had become. This ability to blend into
the background had evidently served him well in a career which, over a
Edward Verrall Lucas (1868-1938) and Francis Meynell (1891-1975) were men of
letters in the old-fashioned sense. They were indefatigable both in creating
text and bringing like matter together in new and meaningful forms. Lucas was a
journalist, anthologist and publisher. Meynell was a printer, anthologist and
publisher, and also a poet of considerable sensitivity and charm. Lucas did not
write much poetry but was passionate about its merits, and sought, through his
collections, to bring children into contact with the best of verse. Today, the
significant contributions that these men made to publishing in Britain are in
danger of becoming forgotten, relegated to the minor byways of publishing
history. This article examines the origins and connections between two hugely
successful anthologies that were inspired by a growing public interest in, and
engagement with, the English countryside.
Charity, on the other hand, had a long and distinguished tradition of military nursing and were welcomed. We are fortunate in having Mother Francis Bridgeman’s own account of her mission to the East as well as those of two of her Sisters, Sister Mary Aloysius Doyle and Sister Mary Joseph Croke. In 1897 when Doyle was awarded the Royal Red Cross, 1 her diary was published in a lightly edited version. Extracts from the Croke and Bridgeman journals appeared in articles and books, but when in the 1960s a priest wished to publish the entire Croke journal, his bishop would