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A Model for Historical Reflection in the Humanitarian Sector
Kevin O’Sullivan and Réiseal Ní Chéilleachair

actors to ‘do no harm’ as they prevent, respond to and ease suffering in times of crisis, taking a moment to reflect on various aspects of that response and to consider the humanity within humanitarian action can only be a positive step. Put simply, there is great value in asking what happened? How can we translate the considerable knowledge that has been accumulated in the humanitarian sector (from institutional memory to experiential learning) into informed decision

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
War, the body and British Army recruits, 1939–45
Author: Emma Newlands

Civilians into Soldiers is an examination of British Army life during the Second World War. Drawing on a wealth of official records and servicemen’s personal testimonies it explores the ways in which male civilians were turned into soldiers through the techniques by which they were inducted into military culture. The book demonstrates that the body was central to this process. Using strict physical regimes, the military authorities sorted men into bodily types that reflected their cultural assumptions and sought to transform them into figures that they imagined to be ideal. However, soldiers’ bodies were often far from ideal and served to frustrate these designs. While recruits were willing to engage in practices and routines that they found desirable they also resisted the army’s demands by creating subversive bodily cultures. The book follows the chronological experiences of army personnel, from their recruitment and training to their confrontations with wounding and death, tracing the significance of the body throughout. It analyses the extent to which the British Army organised compliance and relied on consent to achieve its objectives, the ways in which resistance was manifested and experienced, and what can be drawn from these instances by way of larger observations about wartime society in general. By examining soldiers’ embodied experiences it also illuminates broader issues of gender, class, national identity and emotional life. As such, it makes a major contribution to military history, medical history and the social and cultural history of Britain in the Second World War.

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An epistemography of climate change

This book is a detailed exploration of the working practices of a community of scientists whose work was questioned in public, and of the making of scientific knowledge about climate change in Scotland. For four years, the author joined these scientists in their sampling expeditions into the Caledonian forests, observed their efforts in the laboratory to produce data from wood samples, and followed their discussions of a graph showing the fluctuations of the Scottish temperature over the past millennium in conferences, workshops and peer-review journals. This epistemography of climate change is of broad social and academic relevance – both for its contextualised treatment of a key contemporary science, and for its original formulation of a methodology for investigating and writing about expertise.

James Doelman

Preceding chapters have been organized around the deaths of specific individuals or similarly situated individuals, and I have frequently noted those distracted moments when the elegist veers in the direction of satiric or political comment. In this final chapter, I range across the period to consider how poets present themselves as slipping into religious heterodoxy

in The daring muse of the early Stuart funeral elegy
Open Access (free)
Beckett’s television plays and the idea of broadcasting
Jonathan Bignell

7 Into the void: Beckett’s television plays and the idea of broadcasting Jonathan Bignell In the context of a tradition of critical discussion that characterises Beckett’s plays for television (and his other work) as attempts to engage with nothingness, absence and death, this chapter argues that the television plays are critical explorations of the problematics of presence and absence inherent in the conceptions and histories of broadcasting.1 Television as a medium and a physical apparatus sets up spatial and temporal relationships between programmes and their

in Beckett and nothing
Abstract only
Norman Geras

05 Crimes Against Humanity 113-130 3/12/10 10:12 Page 113 5 Utopia into law Alain Finkielkraut has written that it was a purpose of the Nuremberg Trials ‘to bring the law to justice’.1 One may express the same thing the other way round: the purpose of the trials was to bring justice into the law, the law of nations. It was to do so by making the demands of a universalist morality the basis of what has been called, in a related context, ‘a revolutionary legality’.2 This is a vision of legal utopia: utopia, not as some unattainable state of perfection, but as

in Crimes against humanity
Film theory’s foundation in medievalism
Bettina Bildhauer

would be considered accurate by contemporary historians. Instead I am interested in the ways in which preconceived notions of the Middle Ages filtered into and were influenced by film theory throughout the twentieth century; and to what extent film theory relies on knowledge about the Middle Ages for its basic principles. In the following I shall not trace the trajectory of the chronological development

in Medieval film
The lump-child and its parents in The King of Tars
Jane Gilbert

5 Putting the pulp into fiction: the lump-child and its parents in The King of Tars Jane Gilbert The central figure of the Middle English popular romance known as The King of Tars (hereafter KT) – a formless lump of flesh born instead of a child – defines a certain view of popular literature. The birth is an outrageously sensationalist event; the ideological message conveyed by its subsequent transformation into a human being through baptism is simplistic, vulgar and racist. By its unfinished aspect, moreover, the formless lump parallels the work’s rudimentary

in Pulp fictions of medieval England
Sweden as an EU member state
Christine Agius

(1995: 231) claims that without a Social Democratic government, obtaining a ‘yes’ vote for EU membership ‘would have been very difficult if not impossible’. Social Democratic voters were reluctant to vote yes to help Bildt in ‘achieving his goal of bringing Sweden into the EU in order to pursue the dismantling of the Swedish Model by market reforms’. Sweden has had to make the

in The social construction of Swedish neutrality
Rhetoric, fragments – and beyond?
Neil Evans

volume on Postcolonial Wales . 4 It is not intended to re-enter these domestic lists, but rather to address the issue of the historiography of Welsh people as imperialists and the impact of the empire upon Wales. There are two sides to this: what Welsh historians have written on the issue and the recognition of their role by British imperial historians. The Welsh in the empire have fallen down some black hole between these galaxies. They are conspicuous mainly by their absence. The historiography can be divided into

in Wales and the British overseas empire