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Kofi Annan

8 Learning the lessons of peacebuilding Secretary-General Kofi Annan Introduction When Secretary-General Kofi Annan addressed his unquestionable expertise to the lessons of peacebuilding on the 18 October 2004, in mind no doubt were the many conflicts that the United Nations has confronted, both over its institutional history and also during his many different incarnations within the organisation, as well as the ongoing problems being met by nation-building operations in both Afghanistan and Iraq and the hampered efforts to stem conflict and massacre in the

in Peacemaking in the twenty-first century
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Robin Wilson

’ of ethnic affiliations sedimented over centuries – for many of which only ‘inhuman solutions’ were found by Hitler and Stalin in the twentieth – Northern Ireland appears by no means unusual. So the outworking of the ethnonationalist conflicts in former Yugoslavia, and in particular developments in Bosnia-Herzegovina and Macedonia, can provide valuable lessons, positive and negative

in The Northern Ireland experience of conflict and agreement
John Narayan

5 New Lessons from the Old Professor The finished and done with is of import as affecting the future, not on its own account: in short, because it is not, really, done with. (MW10: 10) We do not merely have to repeat the past, or wait for accident to force change upon us. We use our past experiences to construct new and better ones in the future. (MW12: 134) Dewey’s focus on the ‘reconstruction’ of philosophical and political concepts of democracy was linked, as McDermott (LW11: XXV) argues, to a belief that history was a way of reconstructing the past. The

in John Dewey
Sandra Buchanan

community divisions in Northern Ireland and seeing the emergence of a more thuggish element and continuing economic structural challenges in the Border Counties), 8 the need for a tailored, resourced and supported conflict transformation programme that respects the long-term nature of the process is further reinforced. What lessons, then, have been

in Transforming conflict through social and economic development
Zheng Yangwen

geopolitical platform, as shown by the fact that the party took the opportunity to establish the Confucius Institute that same year. A century of reform and revolution has undoubtedly changed China. Some changes were instrumental to China’s search for modernity and some came disguised as continuity in tradition; others have brought problems. This final lesson charts China’s journey to modernity from the unique perspectives offered by sport, the performing arts and the Chinese family. They are windows through which we can gauge not just China’s past, but also its

in Ten Lessons in Modern Chinese History
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Mary C. Flannery

medieval England presents female honour as essentially a matter of learnable shamefastness – one can learn how and when and why one ought to be ashamed, and to what degree. These lessons are particularly important for women who want to secure their honour by maintaining their sexual continence, and conduct literature outlines programmes of behaviour designed to achieve that goal. In this chapter, I will show that medieval English conduct texts exhort women to be invested in being hypervigilant against the possibility of shame, and that they function as guides for

in Practising shame
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Boyhood, duty and war
Mary A. Conley

been familiar with the lessons of Cornwell’s sacrifice whether by seeing his portrait or by reading the last lines of the poem that ‘There was his duty to be done/ And he did it.’ 82 A youth for all youths One common goal served by the Cornwell commemorations was the inspiration of young people. In voicing their support for the National Memorial Fund, both T. J. Macnamara

in From Jack Tar to Union Jack
Contesting the meaning of the 2015 refugee crisis in Sweden
Admir Skodo

3 Admir Skodo Lesson for the future or threat to sovereignty? Contesting the meaning of the 2015 refugee crisis in Sweden Following the entry of 162,877 asylum seekers in 2015, Sweden introduced border controls in November of that year. These were followed by new laws in 2015–2016 that curtailed the possibility of being granted permanent residence, family reunification, and the social rights of asylum seekers. Such measures were necessary, according to the Swedish government, because the large number of entries triggered a refugee crisis. These were far

in Refugees and the violence of welfare bureaucracies in Northern Europe
Lucia Ardovini

membership that is growing increasingly proactive and pragmatic, showing willingness to take matters into their own hands regardless of the Historical Leadership's lack of approval. From this, there are some key areas that have been identified by those belonging to the adaptation camp as issues that need resolving for the Brotherhood to move forward, even though the strategies to tackle them widely vary. These are: the examination of what went wrong in 2011–2013 and the lessons that should be learnt from it; the issue of professionalism; the need for ideological renewal

in Surviving repression
Catherine Spencer

apparatus that could link perception, interpretation and knowledge development: ‘what better way to learn about civics, for instance? Or sociology? Or popular imagery in our landscape?’. 47 Kaprow applied these ideas directly to Project Other Ways, working on an Event Plan booklet that combines found imagery with short directions for educational exercises, subverting the rigid, predictable lesson plan (a bête-noir of Kohl’s, who called them ‘traps for teachers’). 48 The Event Plan reiterates Kaprow’s conviction that ‘any number of conventional disciplines from social

in Beyond the Happening