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From perversion to purity

The stardom of Catherine Deneuve

Edited by: Lisa Downing and Sue Harris

Few screen icons have provoked as much commentary, speculation and adulation as the 'she' of this plaudit, Catherine Deneuve. This book begins with a brief overview of Deneuve's career, followed by a critical survey of the field of theoretical star studies, highlighting its potential and limitations for European, and particularly French, film scholarship. It argues the need for the single-star case study as a model for understanding the multiple signifying elements of transnational stardom. Her first role, at the age of 13, was a brief appearance as a schoolgirl in André Hunebelle's Collégiennes/The Twilight Girls. It was in 1965 that Roman Polanski would cast Catherine Deneuve in Repulsion, described by one critic as a 'one-woman show' in a role that would effectively create a persona which would resonate throughout her future film career. The darker shades of the Deneuve persona are in even greater evidence in Tristana. Demy's Donkey Skin is arguably an equal source of the tale's iconic status in France today, and largely because of Deneuve. The book also investigates films of the 1970s; their role in shaping her star persona and the ways in which they position Deneuve in relation to French political culture. The book considers exactly why directors gravitate towards Deneuve when trying to evoke or represent forms of female homosexual activity on film, and to consider exactly what such directors actually make Deneuve do and mean once they have her performing these particular forms of lesbian relation.

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More than one subject

Irigaray and psychoanalytic theory


Hanneke Canters and Grace M. Jantzen

into a normal man (Freud 1986c: 416). To describe this stage of early childhood, Freud used the ancient Greek myth of Oedipus who, without knowing it, killed his father and married his mother (Freud 1986b: 32). The Oedipus complex as Freud develops it illustrates the implicit Western ideal of heterosexual monogamy. The son has to let go of his desire for his mother because she belongs to the father. The assumption, of course, is that a woman will have a sexual relationship with one man only, the father of her son. The Oedipus complex introduces the father as a

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Polanski’s Deneuve

‘Frigidity’ and feminism

Lisa Downing

conventional world like a schoolgirl, drawing the comment from M. Husson that she seems like a ‘collégienne précoce’, Séverine also becomes one of the ‘enfants’ in Mme Anaïs’s establishment. The ‘collégienne précoce’ is the living proof of that infantilisation to which Castilla del Pino refers: It could be argued that the adoption of the ‘woman’s

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Sex, sin, and salvation

The debate over the Immaculate Conception


Carol Engelhardt Herringer

Victorian Christians; it was also an aspect of the conversation about the nature of woman. Roman Catholics, who were required to believe in the Immaculate Conception once it had been made dogmatic, defined a woman who was unchanging in her sinlessness, while Protestants asserted that sinfulness was integral to each human being. Advanced Anglicans were very hesitant about the dogma; they generally preferred to describe a woman who was born, but not conceived, without sin. Besides marking a distinction (although not always a sharp one) between the Roman Catholic and

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Helena Ifill

beginning, and by that one lyric showed her the genius of the language, and awakened her interest in the study’ (II, p. 31). Braddon leaves no doubt that Flora is perfectly capable of tackling more advanced aspects of the language and of appreciating the quality of the poetry. Ollivant is ‘careful not to overtax the young student’s brain, yet stretched the cord to its fullest tension’ (II, p. 32). Here, Braddon alludes to concerns about the dangers of overwork that received much attention throughout the Victorian period. Spencer, for example, wrote against the dangers of

Open Access (free)

Johanna Gondouin, Suruchi Thapar-Björkert and Ingrid Ryberg

Wales since 1988 (Ellis-​Petersen, 2017). Nonetheless, unlicensed brothels are estimated to outnumber registered brothels by four to one, and a recent study shows that almost half of those working in brothels are migrants having entered the country on a student visa (Ellis-​Petersen, 2017). In the series, the women in the brothel, posing as students and contracted as illegal surrogates, speak to this joining of legal and illegal practices. Revolving around charged issues such as surrogacy, adoption, and migrant sex workers, interconnecting these different forms of

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Margret Fine-Davis

9 Predictors of ideal and expected family size While Ireland does not as yet have a problem with low fertility, this issue is becoming increasingly important in Europe where low fertility rates are becoming more common (Kohler et al. 2002; van de Kaa 2002a, 2002b, 2004; Esping-Andersen 2007). While Ireland currently has one of the highest fertility rates in Europe, at approximately two children per woman, this may not continue, as Ireland continues to become more like its European neighbours. Moreover, as has been noted earlier, Ireland’s fertility rate has

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Angela Carter’s curious rooms

Marie Mulvey-Roberts

-time in the summer of 1967, but when she was turned down for a full-time place on the grounds that her vocation seemed more in the direction of a writer than artist, she took the rejection badly. However, it did not prevent her from continuing to paint and draw throughout her life and fictionalizing the artists she came into contact with in Clifton through her Bristol trilogy. Not only had she produced paintings at the RWA, but she would have walked the galleries, never dreaming that one day they would contain an exhibition inspired by her life and work. The show

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Battleground for democracy

Census versus women’s citizenship

Jill Liddington

10 Battleground for democracy: census versus women’s citizenship By early March, the main battalions were ranged upon the battleground for democracy. On one side stood the Pankhursts’ WSPU, Charlotte Despard’s WFL, alongside Laurence Housman and pressure groups like the WTRL. On the other, Sadler and Scott lined up behind John Burns’s Census Act. Both sides of this ‘census versus citizenship’ fight would hone their arguments during March, with other groups and individuals, occupations and regions each forming their own views. By now, the Census Committee was so

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Eva Gore-Booth

An image of such politics

Sonja Tiernan

More than eighty years after her death, the name of Eva Gore- Booth is still known. This book is the first dedicated biography of the extraordinary Irish woman, who rejected her aristocratic heritage choosing to live and work amongst the poorest classes in industrial Manchester. Her close bond with her sister, an iconic Irish nationalist, provides a new insight into Countess Markievicz's personal life. Living in an environment receptive to occult beliefs, Eva became preoccupied by spiritualism and believed she developed a psychic ability. Many historians and literary critics have credited Eva's interest in the occult to the influence of Yeats. Gore-Booth published volumes of poetry, philosophical prose and plays, becoming a respected and prolific author of her time and part of W.B. Yeats' literary circle. Her work on behalf of barmaids, circus acrobats, flower sellers and pit-brow lasses is traced in the book. During one impressive campaign Gore-Booth orchestrated the defeat of Winston Churchill. Her life story vividly traces her experiences of issues such as militant pacifism during the Great War, the case for the reprieve of Roger Casement's death sentence, sexual equality in the workplace and the struggle for Irish independence. The story of her revolutionary life shows a person devoted to the ideal of a free and independent Ireland and a woman with a deep sense of how class and gender equality can transform lives and legislation.