A Focus on Community Engagement

( Olivier de Sardan, 2005 ): chiefs, women, elders and youths seen as legitimate actors, able to both represent and influence the ‘community’ – that is, to be intermediaries of community engagement between the intervention and local populations. This article shows how both the legitimacy of these actors embodying the response and eventually the intervention itself was contested and negotiated through localised encounters. 1 We present three ethnographic cases based on first-hand, epidemic-related field observations of community engagement and local resistance. The authors

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Interpreting Violence on Healthcare in the Early Stage of the South Sudanese Civil War

interpreted as one such ‘bad thing’ meant, in de Waal’s words, to ‘signal seriousness in bargaining’ to the opposite side ( Ibid .: 362). Political rivalry at the top of the system between President Salva Kiir and Riek Machar entailed a similar show of force, which, after initial clashes in Juba, was demonstrated in Unity, Upper Nile and Jonglei states from December 2013 onward. Having fewer resources available, de Waal noted, Riek Machar, a member of the Nuer ethnic group, was more inclined than Salva Kiir to appeal to ethnic loyalty, and he mobilised a militia of Nuer

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
The stardom of Catherine Deneuve
Editors: Lisa Downing and Sue Harris

Few screen icons have provoked as much commentary, speculation and adulation as the 'she' of this plaudit, Catherine Deneuve. This book begins with a brief overview of Deneuve's career, followed by a critical survey of the field of theoretical star studies, highlighting its potential and limitations for European, and particularly French, film scholarship. It argues the need for the single-star case study as a model for understanding the multiple signifying elements of transnational stardom. Her first role, at the age of 13, was a brief appearance as a schoolgirl in André Hunebelle's Collégiennes/The Twilight Girls. It was in 1965 that Roman Polanski would cast Catherine Deneuve in Repulsion, described by one critic as a 'one-woman show' in a role that would effectively create a persona which would resonate throughout her future film career. The darker shades of the Deneuve persona are in even greater evidence in Tristana. Demy's Donkey Skin is arguably an equal source of the tale's iconic status in France today, and largely because of Deneuve. The book also investigates films of the 1970s; their role in shaping her star persona and the ways in which they position Deneuve in relation to French political culture. The book considers exactly why directors gravitate towards Deneuve when trying to evoke or represent forms of female homosexual activity on film, and to consider exactly what such directors actually make Deneuve do and mean once they have her performing these particular forms of lesbian relation.

Irigaray and psychoanalytic theory

into a normal man (Freud 1986c: 416). To describe this stage of early childhood, Freud used the ancient Greek myth of Oedipus who, without knowing it, killed his father and married his mother (Freud 1986b: 32). The Oedipus complex as Freud develops it illustrates the implicit Western ideal of heterosexual monogamy. The son has to let go of his desire for his mother because she belongs to the father. The assumption, of course, is that a woman will have a sexual relationship with one man only, the father of her son. The Oedipus complex introduces the father as a

in Forever fluid
‘Frigidity’ and feminism

conventional world like a schoolgirl, drawing the comment from M. Husson that she seems like a ‘collégienne précoce’, Séverine also becomes one of the ‘enfants’ in Mme Anaïs’s establishment. The ‘collégienne précoce’ is the living proof of that infantilisation to which Castilla del Pino refers: It could be argued that the adoption of the ‘woman’s

in From perversion to purity
The debate over the Immaculate Conception

Victorian Christians; it was also an aspect of the conversation about the nature of woman. Roman Catholics, who were required to believe in the Immaculate Conception once it had been made dogmatic, defined a woman who was unchanging in her sinlessness, while Protestants asserted that sinfulness was integral to each human being. Advanced Anglicans were very hesitant about the dogma; they generally preferred to describe a woman who was born, but not conceived, without sin. Besides marking a distinction (although not always a sharp one) between the Roman Catholic and

in Victorians and the Virgin Mary
Abstract only

medieval England presents female honour as essentially a matter of learnable shamefastness – one can learn how and when and why one ought to be ashamed, and to what degree. These lessons are particularly important for women who want to secure their honour by maintaining their sexual continence, and conduct literature outlines programmes of behaviour designed to achieve that goal. In this chapter, I will show that medieval English conduct texts exhort women to be invested in being hypervigilant against the possibility of shame, and that they function as guides for

in Practising shame
Abstract only

beginning, and by that one lyric showed her the genius of the language, and awakened her interest in the study’ (II, p. 31). Braddon leaves no doubt that Flora is perfectly capable of tackling more advanced aspects of the language and of appreciating the quality of the poetry. Ollivant is ‘careful not to overtax the young student’s brain, yet stretched the cord to its fullest tension’ (II, p. 32). Here, Braddon alludes to concerns about the dangers of overwork that received much attention throughout the Victorian period. Spencer, for example, wrote against the dangers of

in Creating character

Wales since 1988 (Ellis-​Petersen, 2017). Nonetheless, unlicensed brothels are estimated to outnumber registered brothels by four to one, and a recent study shows that almost half of those working in brothels are migrants having entered the country on a student visa (Ellis-​Petersen, 2017). In the series, the women in the brothel, posing as students and contracted as illegal surrogates, speak to this joining of legal and illegal practices. Revolving around charged issues such as surrogacy, adoption, and migrant sex workers, interconnecting these different forms of

in The power of vulnerability

9 Predictors of ideal and expected family size While Ireland does not as yet have a problem with low fertility, this issue is becoming increasingly important in Europe where low fertility rates are becoming more common (Kohler et al. 2002; van de Kaa 2002a, 2002b, 2004; Esping-Andersen 2007). While Ireland currently has one of the highest fertility rates in Europe, at approximately two children per woman, this may not continue, as Ireland continues to become more like its European neighbours. Moreover, as has been noted earlier, Ireland’s fertility rate has

in Changing gender roles and attitudes to family formation in ireland